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  1. Characteristics of relinquished dogs and their owners at 14 rehoming centers in the United Kingdom

    Contributor(s):: Diesel, G., Brodbelt, D., Pfeiffer, D. U.

    In the United Kingdom, each year many companion animal (pet) caregivers (owners) hand over dogs to shelters for rehoming. Studies conducted in the United States and Australia have shown that accommodation issues and problematic behaviors are the most common reasons for dogs to be relinquished....

  2. Computer-aided pattern recognition of large reptiles as a noninvasive application to identify individuals

    Contributor(s):: Moro, D., MacAulay, I.

    For large species, the capture and handling of individuals in capture-mark-recapture studies introduces nonhuman animal welfare issues associated with handling, physical marking, and possible wounding due to tag loss. The use of photographic identification for these species offers an alternative...

  3. Current attitudes toward, and incidence of, sterilization of cats and dogs by caregivers (owners) in Auckland, New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: McKay, S. A., Farnworth, M. J., Waran, N. K.

    This study distributed a questionnaire to cat or dog caregivers (owners) throughout Auckland, New Zealand, to investigate the attitudes of human companions toward the sterilization of their cats and dogs and the degree to which this occurs relative to demographic information gathered. A total of...

  4. Dog obesity: can dog caregivers' (owners') feeding and exercise intentions and behaviors be predicted from attitudes?

    Contributor(s):: Rohlf, V. I., Toukhsati, S., Coleman, G. J., Bennett, P. C.

    Dog obesity is a common nutritional disorder affecting up to 40% of the companion animal (pet) dog population in Australia and other developed nations. A clear understanding of factors determining relevant caregiver (owner) behaviors underpins effective treatment for this disorder. The theory of...

  5. Effect of breed, cage type, and reproductive phase on fecal corticosterone levels in doe rabbits

    Contributor(s):: Prola, L., Cornale, P., Renna, M., Macchi, E., Perona, G., Mimosi, A.

    Fecal corticosterone concentration (FCC) is increasingly being used as a noninvasive indicator of stress in assessment of nonhuman animal welfare. The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of breed, cage type, reproductive phase, and their interactions on FCC levels in doe rabbits. A total of...

  6. Factors influencing owner satisfaction with companion-dog-training facilities

    Contributor(s):: Bennett, P. C., Cooper, N., Rohlf, V. I., Mornement, K.

    The aim of this study was to survey people currently attending companion-dog-training facilities about their reasons for attending training, their expectations prior to training, their training experiences, and the factors contributing to their satisfaction with these experiences. The 178...

  7. Improved nonhuman animal welfare is related more to income equality than it is to income

    Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.

    The link between nonhuman animal welfare, income, and income inequality (Gini coefficient) was tested using consumption of animal products, laws protecting animals on the farm from the worst abuses, and animals used in experimentation as indicators. Experimentation on all animals and on rodents...

  8. Preliminary investigation of morphological differences between ten breeds of horses suggests selection for paedomorphosis. (Special Issue: Equitation science.)

    Contributor(s):: Goodwin, D., Levine, M., McGreevy, P. D.

    Paedomorphosis is the retention of juvenile morphology at maturity and is important in generating evolutionary change in domestic species and species in the wild. When comparing dogs with the wolf, this preliminary study saw paedomorphosis in their physical and behavioural traits (Goodwin,...

  9. The legal status of cats in New Zealand: a perspective on the welfare of companion, stray, and feral domestic cats ( Felis catus )

    Contributor(s):: Farnworth, M. J., Dye, N. G., Keown, N.

    Pinpointing and safeguarding the welfare status of domestic cats is problematic, especially in New Zealand where cats are introduced predators with significant impact on indigenous fauna. Usually the identification of welfare status depends on conservational, legal, and public attitudes that are...

  10. The welfare and productivity of dry sows in different group housing systems in New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: Chidgey, K. L., Morel, P. C. H., Barugh, I. W.

    This research aimed to evaluate sow welfare and identify potential welfare compromise in specific group housing systems for sows in New Zealand. The relationship between overall welfare outcome on-farm and sow productivity was also investigated. Twenty commercial farms were chosen to represent...

  11. Understanding attitudes toward the control of nonnative wild and feral mammals: similarities and differences in the opinions of the general public, animal protectionists, and conservationists in New Zealand (Aotearoa)

    Contributor(s):: Farnworth, M. J., Watson, H., Adams, N. J.

    Lethal control is used extensively in New Zealand to control nonnative nonhuman mammals. Respondents were surveyed about 8 mammal groups considered pests and their attitudes toward their control and pest status. They also identified the most appropriate method of control for the 8 different...

  12. Welfare monitoring schemes: using research to safeguard welfare of animals on the farm

    Contributor(s):: Barnett, J. L., Hemsworth, P. H.

    There are a number of nonhuman animal welfare monitoring schemes for animals on the farm in Australia and in other countries. Although the majority of such schemes are voluntary rather than legislated, some are nevertheless enforced through a number of customer requirements that industries must...

  13. What happens to shelter dogs? An analysis of data for 1 year from three Australian shelters

    Contributor(s):: Marston, L. C., Bennett, P. C., Coleman, G. J.

    Annually, welfare shelters admit many dogs, including those whose caregivers surrender them or dogs who are strays. This article analyses admission data from 3 metropolitan Australian shelters. The study collected data for a 1-year period (2001-2002) and analysed them to identify the...

  14. What happens to shelter dogs? Part 2. Comparing three Melbourne welfare shelters for nonhuman animals

    Contributor(s):: Marston, L. C., Bennett, P. C., Coleman, G. J.

    Although the characteristics of dogs admitted to animal welfare shelters have been described previously, few studies have compared the statistics of different welfare shelters. The existing studies compare shelters that differ operationally and philosophically on factors such as whether they...

  15. What's in a name? Perceptions of stray and feral cat welfare and control in Aotearoa, New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: Farnworth, M. J., Campbell, J., Adams, N. J.

    New Zealanders (n=354) rated the acceptability of lethal and nonlethal cat control methods and the importance of conservation and welfare. Lethal control was more acceptable for feral cats than strays; for nonlethal control, the inverse was true. More than concern for the welfare of cats...

  16. Willingness to pay: Australian consumers and "on the farm" welfare

    Contributor(s):: Taylor, N., Signal, T. D.

    The success of welfare legislation for nonhuman animals rests upon primary producer compliance that, in turn, is affected by public willingness to pay (WTP) for such initiatives. Although the topic of the welfare of animals on farms (and relevant legislation) is becoming increasingly important to...

  17. Companion animals and wellbeing when living with HIV in Australia

    Contributor(s):: Hutton, V. E.

    The aim of this study was to examine the impact of companion animals on wellbeing amongst individuals living with HIV in Australia. It was hypothesized that participants living with a companion animal would report greater emotional wellbeing than those who did not. It was also hypothesized that...

  18. Environmental duty of care: from ethical principle towards a code of practice for the grazing industry in Queensland (Australia)

    Contributor(s):: Greiner, R.

    Among the options of government for reducing negative environmental externalities from agriculture is the institution of a polluter statutory liability. An environmental duty of care imposes a statutory liability on agents who interact with the environment to avoid causing environmental harm....

  19. Living with wild dogs: personality dimensions in captive dingoes ( Canis dingo) and implications for ownership

    Contributor(s):: Smith, B. P.

    Despite the commonly held belief that wild canines do not make "good" household companions, many people choose to live with them. The aim of the present study was to investigate owner-rated personality in a population of dingoes living as companion animals. Owners recruited from a registered...

  20. A note on the force of whip impacts delivered by jockeys using forehand and backhand strikes

    Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Hawson, L. A., Salvin, H., McLean, A. N.

    The Australian Racing Board makes a distinction under its Rules of Racing concerning whip use between forehand and backhand whip action that is critically important: before the final 100 m of a race, the whip shall be used in a forehand manner neither in consecutive strides nor on more than 5...