Redefining human-animal relationships: an evaluation of methods to allow their empirical measurement in zoos
Contributor(s):: Patel, F., Whitehouse-Tedd, K., Ward, S. J.
Juvenile Nile Tilapia Fish Avoid Red Shelters
Contributor(s):: Maia, Caroline Marques, Alves, Nina Pacheco Capelini, Tatemoto, Patricia
Short- and long-term effects of rearing dairy calves with contact to their mother on their reactions towards humans
Contributor(s):: Waiblinger, S., Wagner, K., Hillmann, E., Barth, K.
Attachment Anxiety and Avoidance Influence Pet Choice and Pet-directed Behaviors
Contributor(s):: Green, Jeffrey D., Coy, Anthony E., Mathews, Maureen A.
Attachment theory is a useful lens through which to examine both perceptions and selection of companion animals. Study 1 compared perceptions of dogs and cats, and found that dogs were perceived as having more positive relationship qualities and secure attachment-related characteristics, whereas...
Foraging Eurasian badgers Meles meles and the presence of cattle in pastures. Do badgers avoid cattle?
Contributor(s):: Mullen, Enda M., MacWhite, Teresa, Maher, Peter K., Kelly, David J., Marples, Nicola M., Good, Margaret
The proximity of badgers (Meles meles) to cattle, and their propensity to utilise pastures containing cattle, is of fundamental importance in understanding transmission possibilities for Mycobacterium bovis between a wildlife reservoir and cattle on farms. A study of free-ranging badgers carrying...
Long-term stability of Avoidance Distance tests for on-farm assessment of dairy cow relationship to humans in alpine traditional husbandry systems
Contributor(s):: Battini, Monica, Andreoli, Elena, Barbieri, Sara, Mattiello, Silvana
The present study investigates the long-term stability of two behaviour tests used to evaluate the human–animal relationship as well as gather information to refine on-farm welfare assessment protocols in alpine husbandry systems. Two tests, Avoidance Distance (AD) and Avoidance Distance at the...
Is the avoidance distance test for the assessment of animals’ responsiveness to humans influenced by either the dominant or flightiest animal in the group?
Contributor(s):: Mazurek, Mickael, McGee, Mark, Minchin, William, Crowe, Mark A., Earley, Bernadette
A previously described (Windschnurer et al., 2009) avoidance distance test was used to assess animals’ fear of humans in order to quantify the human–animal relationship (HAR). This study investigated the influence of the dominant and flightiest animals within a group on the responsiveness of...
Behavioural reactions before and during vaginal examination in dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Pilz, Madlen, Fischer-Tenhagen, Carola, Thiele, Gerhard, Tinge, Harm, Lotz, Fabian, Heuwieser, Wolfgang
Vaginal examinations are routine procedures on dairy farms to diagnose pregnancy or puerperal diseases. Cows express their discomfort in certain situations with discrete behavioural reactions. These reactions can be described in their occurrence and extent. Although there is evidence that human...
Behavioural fear and heart rate responses of horses after exposure to novel objects: Effects of habituation
Contributor(s):: Leiner, Lisa, Fendt, Markus
The emotion fear promotes the fitness of wild animals. In a farm environment, exaggerated fear, e.g., in horses, can cause several problems. Therefore, knowledge about fear in horses helps to prevent or to handle potential fear-inducing situations. The present study investigated which behavioural...
Avoidance-related behavioural variables and their relationship to milk yield in pasture-based dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Dodzi, Madodana S., Muchenje, Voster
The behavioural responses of Jersey, Friesland and crossbred cows to humans were determined by recording their avoidance distance scores (AD), exit speed (ES), pen score (PS), pen behaviour score (PBS), platform score (PLS), and the occurrence of kicking (KCK) and stepping (SPG) during milking in...
Testing two behavioural paradigms for measuring post-handling cat aversion behaviour
Contributor(s):: Moody, Carly M., Mason, Georgia J., Dewey, Cate E., Landsberg, Gary M., Niel, Lee
Owned, shelter, and laboratory cats undergo handling and restraint throughout their lifetime for routine health examinations and necessary procedures. Many cats display fear and aggressive behaviour during health examinations, and there is potential for these behaviours to result in incomplete...
Reindeer spatial use before, during and after construction of a wind farm
Contributor(s):: Tsegaye, Diress, Colman, Jonathan E., Eftestøl, Sindre, Flydal, Kjetil, Røthe, Gunnlaug, Rapp, Kåre
The Fakken Wind farm (WF) was built in 2010–12 on the Fakken peninsula on the south-east corner of the island of Vannøy. Field and GPS sampling was conducted to test the interaction between reindeer spatial use and the WF with associated infrastructure for the period 2007–2015. “Before data” for...
Ability of owners to identify resource guarding behaviour in the domestic dog
Contributor(s):: Jacobs, Jacquelyn A., Pearl, David L., Coe, Jason B., Widowski, Tina M., Niel, Lee
Canine resource guarding (RG) describes the behaviour used by a dog to achieve or maintain control over an item of perceived value. Three distinct behavioural patterns of RG have been proposed; rapid ingestion (i.e., rapid consumption of an edible item), avoidance (i.e., positioning of the head...
Gentle interactions decrease the fear of humans in dairy heifers independently of early experience of stroking
Contributor(s):: Lürzel, Stephanie, Windschnurer, Ines, Futschik, Andreas, Waiblinger, Susanne
The relationship of farmed animals with humans has important implications for animal welfare and productivity. To investigate the short- and long-term effect of gentle interactions (stroking, talking in a gentle voice) during different life stages on the fear of humans, we tested heifers that had...
Avoidance Distance in Sheltered Cows and Its Association with Other Welfare Parameters
| Contributor(s):: Sharma, A., Phillips, C. J. C.
Human-Animal Interactions in Dairy Buffalo Farms
| Contributor(s):: Napolitano, F., Serrapica, F., Braghieri, A., Masucci, F., Sabia, E., De Rosa, G.
Wild Neighbors : The Humane Approach to Living with Wildlife
| Contributor(s):: John Hadidian
Wild Neighbors provides practical, humane, and effective advice on how to share living space with 35 of the most common species, from alligators to woodpeckers, found in the lower 48 states. Advice focuses on how to: properly and accurately define a wildlife problem; determine what type of animal...
Validity and feasibility of human-animal relationship tests for on-farm welfare assessment in dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Battini, Monica, Barbieri, Sara, Waiblinger, Susanne, Mattiello, Silvana
This study aims at establishing suitable tests to measure the quality of the Human-Animal Relationship (HAR) in dairy goats for on-farm welfare assessment protocols by evaluating the predictive validity of different categories of HAR tests and their feasibility in on-farm condition. Twelve...
Combat PTSD and implicit behavioral tendencies for positive affective stimuli: A brief report
| Contributor(s):: Clausen, Ashley N., Youngren, Westley, Sisante, Jason-Flor V., Billinger, Sandra A., Taylor, Charles, Aupperle, Robin L.
Approaching anger in schizophrenia: What an implicit task tells you that self-report does not
| Contributor(s):: Reddy, L. Felice, Green, Michael F., Wynn, Jonathan K., Rinck, Mike, Horan, William P.