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  1. Ability of owners to identify resource guarding behaviour in the domestic dog

    Contributor(s):: Jacobs, Jacquelyn A., Pearl, David L., Coe, Jason B., Widowski, Tina M., Niel, Lee

    Canine resource guarding (RG) describes the behaviour used by a dog to achieve or maintain control over an item of perceived value. Three distinct behavioural patterns of RG have been proposed; rapid ingestion (i.e., rapid consumption of an edible item), avoidance (i.e., positioning of the head...

  2. Acute effects of intoxication and arousal on approach/avoidance biases toward sexual risk stimuli in heterosexual men

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Simons, Jeffrey S., Maisto, Stephen A., Wray, Tyler B., Emery, Noah N.

    This study tested the effects of alcohol intoxication and physiological arousal on cognitive biases toward erotic stimuli and condoms. Ninety-seven heterosexual men were randomized to 1 of 6 independent conditions in a 2 (high arousal or control) × 3 (alcohol target...

  3. Approach bias modification in inpatient psychiatric smokers

    | Contributor(s):: Machulska, Alla, Zlomuzica, Armin, Rinck, Mike, Assion, Hans-Jörg, Margraf, Jürgen

  4. Approaching anger in schizophrenia: What an implicit task tells you that self-report does not

    | Contributor(s):: Reddy, L. Felice, Green, Michael F., Wynn, Jonathan K., Rinck, Mike, Horan, William P.

  5. Attachment Anxiety and Avoidance Influence Pet Choice and Pet-directed Behaviors

    | Contributor(s):: Green, Jeffrey D., Coy, Anthony E., Mathews, Maureen A.

    Attachment theory is a useful lens through which to examine both perceptions and selection of companion animals. Study 1 compared perceptions of dogs and cats, and found that dogs were perceived as having more positive relationship qualities and secure attachment-related characteristics, whereas...

  6. Avoidance reactions of domestic dogs to unfamiliar male and female humans in a kennel setting

    | Contributor(s):: Lore, R. K., Eisenberg, F. B.

    Many kennel owners and veterinarians prefer women assistants because it is assumed that women elicit less avoidance from domestic animals than men. To evaluate this assumption, 10 male and 10 female dogs were given two human-reaction tests to assess their behaviour in the presence of an...

  7. Behavioural fear and heart rate responses of horses after exposure to novel objects: Effects of habituation

    | Contributor(s):: Leiner, Lisa, Fendt, Markus

    The emotion fear promotes the fitness of wild animals. In a farm environment, exaggerated fear, e.g., in horses, can cause several problems. Therefore, knowledge about fear in horses helps to prevent or to handle potential fear-inducing situations. The present study investigated which behavioural...

  8. Bird strikes and aircraft fuselage color: a correlational study

    | Contributor(s):: Fernandez-Juricic, E., Gaffney, J., Blackwell, B. F., Baumhardt, P.

  9. Blockade of histone deacetylation in the brain modulates the expression of transcription factors c-FOS and ZENK and potentiates the formation of long-term memory in neonatal chicks

    | Contributor(s):: Toporova, K. A., Anokhin, K. V., Tiunova, A. A.

  10. Bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) hatchlings track the direction of human gaze

    | Contributor(s):: Jaime, Mark, Lopez, Juan Pablo, Lickliter, Robert

  11. Breed and maternal effects on the intake of tannin-rich browse by juvenile domestic goats ( Capra hircus )

    | Contributor(s):: Glasser, T. A., Ungar, E. D., Landau, S. Y., Perevolotsky, A., Muklada, H., Walker, J. W.

    Goat breeds differ in their consumption of tannin-rich browse, but the relative contributions of genetics and learning to these differences is unclear. The objective of this study was to differentiate between the effects of breed (nature) and rearing environment (nurture) on consumption of a...

  12. Combat PTSD and implicit behavioral tendencies for positive affective stimuli: A brief report

    | Contributor(s):: Clausen, Ashley N., Youngren, Westley, Sisante, Jason-Flor V., Billinger, Sandra A., Taylor, Charles, Aupperle, Robin L.

  13. Defenseless against art? Impact of reading fiction on emotion in avoidantly attached individuals

    | Contributor(s):: Djikic, Maja, Oatley, Keith, Zoeterman, Sara, Peterson, Jordan B.

  14. Do herbivores associate flavours with specific consequences in flavour aversion learning?

    | Contributor(s):: Kimball, B. A., Billings, V.

    Goats were first offered a novel, maple-flavoured diet paired with either lithium chloride (LiCl) or oxalic acid (OA) delivered intraruminally. Aversion to maple diet persisted for 6 days, regardless of toxin. Following a 10-day intermission, aversion to maple diet was reacquired (spontaneous...

  15. Effectiveness of "natural stockmanship" training in cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Abramowicz, P., Golebiewski, M., Gorecka-Bruzda, A., Brzozowski, P.

  16. Effects of brief behavioural activation on approach and avoidance tendencies in acute depression: Preliminary findings

    | Contributor(s):: Nasrin, Farjana, Rimes, Katharine, Reinecke, Andrea, Rinck, Mike, Barnhofer, Thorsten

  17. Effects of novelty on rats' responses to CO<sub>2</sub>; exposure

    | Contributor(s):: Niel, L., Kirkden, R. D., Weary, D. M.

    Laboratory rats are routinely killed using a gradually increasing concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) gas. However, CO2 exposure has been shown to cause aversion and to increase exploratory and escape behaviours in rats. We examined whether these responses are due, in part, to novelty, using...

  18. Evidence for pain in decapod crustaceans

    | Contributor(s):: Elwood, R. W.

  19. Explicit and implicit approach vs. avoidance tendencies towards high vs. low calorie food cues in patients with anorexia nervosa and healthy controls

    | Contributor(s):: Paslakis, Georgios, Kühn, Simone, Schaubschläger, Anke, Schieber, Katharina, Röder, Kathrin, Rauh, Elisabeth, Erim, Yesim

  20. Face-fly pest intensity, fly-avoidance behavior (bunching) and grazing time in Holstein heifers

    | Contributor(s):: Schmidtmann, E. T., Valla, M. E.

    In field studies in New York State in 1978-79, the relationship between feeding by adults of Musca autumnalis Deg., and fly-avoidance behaviour (bunching) and grazing time of heifers was examined in herds that were either exposed to the ambient pest intensity levels or treated with permethrin...