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  1. Virulence Genes, Shiga Toxin Subtypes, Serogroups, and Clonal Relationship of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia Coli Strains Isolated from Livestock and Companion Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nicolás Galarce, Beatriz Escobar, Fernando Sánchez, Esteban Paredes-Osses, Raúl Alegría-Morán, Consuelo Borie

    Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is a zoonotic pathogen that causes severe illness in humans and is an important cause of foodborne disease. In Chile, there is limited information on the virulence characteristics of this pathogen in livestock, and none in companion...

  2. Low risk of transmission of pathogenic bacteria between children and the assistance dog during animal-assisted therapy if strict rules are followed

    | Contributor(s):: Edner, A., Lindström-Nilsson, M., Melhus, Å

  3. A critical review o f animal-based welfare indicators for polar bears (Ursus maritimus) in zoos: Identification and evidence of validity

    | Contributor(s):: Skovlund, C. R., Kirchner, M. K., Moos, L. W., Alsted, N., Manteca, X., Tallo-Parra, O., Stelvig, M., Forkman, B.

  4. The associations between animal-based welfare measures and the presence of indicators of food safety in finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Alpigiani, I., Bacci, C., Keeling, L. J., Salman, M. D., Brindani, F., Pongolini, S., Hitchens, P. L., Bonardi, S.

  5. Skin diseases of different etiology in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Stolbova, O. A.

  6. Campylobacter and Salmonella in scavenging indigenous chickens in rural central Tanzania: prevalence, antimicrobial resistance, and genomic features

    | Contributor(s):: Rukambile, E., Sintchenko, V., Muscatello, G., Wang, QinNing, Kiiru, J., Maulaga, W., Magidanga, B., Banda, G., Kock, R., Alders, R.

  7. Presence of Campylobacterjejuni and C. coli in Dogs under Training for Animal-Assisted Therapies

    | Contributor(s):: Santaniello, A., Varriale, L., Dipineto, L., Borrelli, L., Pace, A., Fioretti, A., Menna, L. F.

  8. Catching a glimpse of the bacterial gut community of companion animals: a canine and feline perspective

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Giulia Alessandri, Chiara Argentini, Christian Milani, Francesca Turroni, Maria Cristina Ossiprandi, Douwe van Sinderen, Marco Ventura

    Dogs and cats have gained a special position in human society by becoming our principal companion animals. In this context, efforts to ensure their health and welfare have increased exponentially, with in recent times a growing interest in assessing the impact of the gut microbiota on canine...

  9. A Pilot Study on the Contamination of Assistance Dogs' Paws and Their Users' Shoe Soles in Relation to Admittance to Hospitals and (In)Visible Disability

    | Contributor(s):: Vos, S. J., Wijnker, J. J., Overgaauw, P. A. M.

  10. Occurrence of Pasteurella multocida in Dogs Being Trained for Animal-Assisted Therapy

    | Contributor(s):: Santaniello, A., Garzillo, S., Amato, A., Sansone, M., Fioretti, A., Menna, L. F.

  11. Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Occurrence of ESKAPE Bacteria Group in Dogs, and the Related Zoonotic Risk in Animal-Assisted Therapy, and in Animal-Assisted Activity in the Health Context

    | Contributor(s):: Santaniello, A., Sansone, M., Fioretti, A., Menna, L. F.

  12. Antibiotic Use on Goat Farms: An Investigation of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors of Missouri Goat Farmers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren K. Landfried, Ellen K. Barnidge, Patrick Pithua, Roger D. Lewis, Jonathan Jacoby, Christopher C. King, Carole R. Baskin

    Use of low dose, prophylactic antibiotics contributes to the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria. In one study, goat meat in Missouri was found to have a higher percentage of antibiotic residues at slaughter than the national average, so we attempted to identify factors related to goat...

  13. Bergeyella zoohelcum isolated from oral cavities of therapy dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Muramatsu, Y., Haraya, N., Horie, K., Uchida, L., Kooriyama, T., Suzuki, A., Horiuchi, M.

  14. Use of social network analysis to improve the understanding of social behaviour in dairy cattle and its impact on disease transmission

    | Contributor(s):: de Freslon, Inès, Martínez-López, Beatriz, Belkhiria, Jaber, Strappini, Ana, Monti, Gustavo

    A better comprehension of cattle contact structure can enhance the prevention of the transmission of infectious agents within livestock farms. Social network analysis has proven to provide a more accurate picture of social structures than traditional methods. In this study, we focused on...

  15. Dairy goats prefer to use different flooring types to perform different behaviours

    | Contributor(s):: Sutherland, Mhairi A., Lowe, Gemma L., Watson, Trevor J., Ross, Colleen M., Rapp, Delphine, Zobel, Gosia A.

    Flooring is an important component of indoor housing systems for livestock as it can impact animal hygiene and welfare. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the lying and elimination preferences of goats, as well as their relative udder cleanliness, when presented with four different...

  16. Epidemiology of Leptospirosis in Africa: A Systematic Review of a Neglected Zoonosis and a Paradigm for 'One Health' in Africa

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kathryn J. Allan, Holly M. Biggs, Jo E.B. Halliday, Rudovick R. Kazwala, Venance P. Maro, Sarah Cleaveland, John A. Crump

    Background Leptospirosis is an important but neglected bacterial zoonosis that has been largely overlooked in Africa. In this systematic review, we aimed to summarise and compare current knowledge of: (1) the geographic distribution, prevalence, incidence and diversity of acute human...

  17. Sentinel Animals in a One Health Approach to Harmful Cyanobacterial and Algal Blooms

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lorraine C. Backer, Melissa Miller

    People, domestic animals, and wildlife are all exposed to numerous environmental threats, including harmful algal blooms (HABs). However, because animals exhibit wide variations in diet, land use and biology, they are often more frequently or heavily exposed to HAB toxins than are people...

  18. Investigation and Control of Anthrax Outbreak at the Human–Animal Interface, Bhutan, 2010

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nirmal K Thapa, Tenzin Tenzin, Karma Wangdi, Tshering Dorji, Migma Migma, Jambay Dorjee, Chung K Marston, Alex R Hoffmaster, Tenzin Migma

    In 2010, we investigated anthrax outbreak in Bhutan. A total of 43 domestic animals died, and cutaneous anthrax developed in 9 persons, and 1 died. All affected persons had contact with the carcasses of infected animals. Comprehensive preparedness and response guidelines are needed to increase...

  19. Role of Food Insecurity in Outbreak of Anthrax Infections among Humans and Hippopotamuses Living in a Game Reserve Area, Rural Zambia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mark W. Lehman, Allen Craig, Constantine Malama, Muzala Kapina-Kany’anga, Philip Malenga, Fanny Munsaka, Sergio Muwowo, Sean Shadomy, Melissa A. Marx

    In September 2011, a total of 511 human cases of anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) infection and 5 deaths were reported in a game management area in the district of Chama, Zambia, near where 85 hippopotamuses (Hippopotamus amphibious) had recently died of suspected anthrax. The human infections...

  20. Performativity and a microbe: Exploring Mycobacterium bovis and the political ecologies of bovine tuberculosis

    | Contributor(s):: Robinson, Philip A.