The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Use of social network analysis to improve the understanding of social behaviour in dairy cattle and its impact on disease transmission
Contributor(s):: de Freslon, Inès, Martínez-López, Beatriz, Belkhiria, Jaber, Strappini, Ana, Monti, Gustavo
A better comprehension of cattle contact structure can enhance the prevention of the transmission of infectious agents within livestock farms. Social network analysis has proven to provide a more accurate picture of social structures than traditional methods. In this study, we focused on...
Epidemiology of Leptospirosis in Africa: A Systematic Review of a Neglected Zoonosis and a Paradigm for 'One Health' in Africa
| Contributor(s):: Kathryn J. Allan, Holly M. Biggs, Jo E.B. Halliday, Rudovick R. Kazwala, Venance P. Maro, Sarah Cleaveland, John A. Crump
Background Leptospirosis is an important but neglected bacterial zoonosis that has been largely overlooked in Africa. In this systematic review, we aimed to summarise and compare current knowledge of: (1) the geographic distribution, prevalence, incidence and diversity of acute human...
Sentinel Animals in a One Health Approach to Harmful Cyanobacterial and Algal Blooms
| Contributor(s):: Lorraine C. Backer, Melissa Miller
People, domestic animals, and wildlife are all exposed to numerous environmental threats, including harmful algal blooms (HABs). However, because animals exhibit wide variations in diet, land use and biology, they are often more frequently or heavily exposed to HAB toxins than are people...
Investigation and Control of Anthrax Outbreak at the Human–Animal Interface, Bhutan, 2010
| Contributor(s):: Nirmal K Thapa, Tenzin Tenzin, Karma Wangdi, Tshering Dorji, Migma Migma, Jambay Dorjee, Chung K Marston, Alex R Hoffmaster, Tenzin Migma
In 2010, we investigated anthrax outbreak in Bhutan. A total of 43 domestic animals died, and cutaneous anthrax developed in 9 persons, and 1 died. All affected persons had contact with the carcasses of infected animals. Comprehensive preparedness and response guidelines are needed to increase...
Role of Food Insecurity in Outbreak of Anthrax Infections among Humans and Hippopotamuses Living in a Game Reserve Area, Rural Zambia
| Contributor(s):: Mark W. Lehman, Allen Craig, Constantine Malama, Muzala Kapina-Kany’anga, Philip Malenga, Fanny Munsaka, Sergio Muwowo, Sean Shadomy, Melissa A. Marx
In September 2011, a total of 511 human cases of anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) infection and 5 deaths were reported in a game management area in the district of Chama, Zambia, near where 85 hippopotamuses (Hippopotamus amphibious) had recently died of suspected anthrax. The human infections...
Bergeyella zoohelcum isolated from oral cavities of therapy dogs
| Contributor(s):: Muramatsu, Y., Haraya, N., Horie, K., Uchida, L., Kooriyama, T., Suzuki, A., Horiuchi, M.
Performativity and a microbe: Exploring Mycobacterium bovis and the political ecologies of bovine tuberculosis
| Contributor(s):: Robinson, Philip A.
Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Genetic Diversity of Bartonella henselae Infections in Pet Cats in Four Regions of the United States
| Contributor(s):: L. Guptill, C.-C. Wu, H. HogenEsch, L.N. Slater, N. Glickman, A. Dunham, H. Syme, L. Glickman
Blood was collected from a convenience sample of 271 pet cats aged 3 months to 2 years (mean age, 8 months, median and mode, 6 months) between May 1997 and September 1998 in four areas of the United States (southern California, Florida, metropolitan Chicago, and metropolitan Washington, D.C.)....
Is the Colonisation of Staphylococcus aureus in Pets Associated with Their Close Contact with Owners?
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Karolina Bierowiec, Katarzyna Płoneczka-Janeczko, Krzysztof Rypuła
In human beings and animals, staphylococci constitute part of the normal microbial population. Staphylococcus aureus could be classified as an opportunistic pathogen because the bacteria are noted in clinically healthy individuals, but when the immune system becomes compromised, they...
More than 50% of Clostridium difficile Isolates from Pet Dogs in Flagstaff, USA, Carry Toxigenic Genotypes
| Contributor(s):: Nathan E. Stone, Lindsay C. Sidak-Loftis, Jason W. Sahl, Adam J. Vazquez, Kristin B. Wiggins, John D. Gillece, Nathan D. Hicks, James M. Schupp, Joseph D. Busch, Paul Keim, David M. Wagner
Nosocomial acquisition of Clostridium difficile is well documented, yet recent studies have highlighted the importance of community acquired infections and identified community associated reservoirs for this pathogen. Multiple studies have implicated companion pets and farm animals as...
Raw pet food as a risk factor for shedding of extended-spectrum beta-lactamaseproducing Enterobacteriaceae in household cats
| Contributor(s):: Valérie O. Baede, Els M. Broens, Mirlin P. Spaninks, Arjen J. Timmerman, Haitske Graveland, Jaap A. Wagenaar, Birgitta Duim, Joost Hordijk
Background Close contact between pets and owners provides the opportunity for transmission of antimicrobial resistant organisms like extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)/AmpC beta-lactamase (AmpC)-producing Enterobacteriaceae, posing a risk to public health. Objectives To investigate...
A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Campylobacter spp. Prevalence and Concentration in Household Pets and Petting Zoo Animals for Use in Exposure Assessments
| Contributor(s):: Katarina D. M. Pintar, Tanya Christidis, M. Kate Thomas, Maureen Anderson, Andrea Nesbitt, Jessica Keithlin, Barbara Marshall, Frank Pollari
Animal contact is a potential transmission route for campylobacteriosis, and both domestic household pet and petting zoo exposures have been identified as potential sources of exposure. Research has typically focussed on the prevalence, concentration, and transmission of zoonoses from farm...
Editorial: Veterinary Bacterial Zoonoses
| Contributor(s):: Jiabo Ding, Menachem Banai, Shenqing Yu, Xin Ting
MLVA and LPS Characteristics of Brucella canis Isolated from Humans and Dogs in Zhejiang, China
| Contributor(s):: Dongri Piao, Heng Wang, Dongdong Di, Guozhong Tian, Jiantong Luo, Wenjie Gao, Hongyan Zhao, Weimin Xu, Weixing Fan, Hai Jiang
Brucella canis is a pathogenic bacterium that causes brucellosis in dogs, and its zoonotic potential has been increasing in recent years. 32 B. canis strains were divided into 26 genotypes using MLVA-16. The comprehensive approaches have been used to analyze human and...
Examining differences between homebound older adult pet owners and non-pet owners in depression, systemic inflammation, and executive function
| Contributor(s):: Branson, S., Boss, L., Cron, S., Kang, DuckHee
Homebound older adults are prone to depression, which is linked to systemic inflammation that promotes executive function decline. A companion animal may reduce the negative biobehavioral processes associated with depression, inflammation, and reduced executive function in homebound older adults....
The associations between animal-based welfare measures and the presence of indicators of food safety in finishing pigs
| Contributor(s):: Alpigiani, I., Bacci, C., Keeling, L. J., Salman, M. D., Brindani, F., Pongolini, S., Hitchens, P. L., Bonardi, S.
Stressful housing and management practices affect animals, potentially increasing their receptiveness to pathogens. Since some pathogens do not lead to clinical signs of sickness, subclinical pigs could enter the food-chain, contaminating carcases and offal at slaughter, representing a threat to...
Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.
The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...
Lick of death: Capnocytophaga canimorsus is an important cause of sepsis in the elderly
| Contributor(s):: Wilson, J. P., Kafetz, K., Fink, D.
Building the road to a regional zoonoses strategy: A survey of zoonoses programmes in the Americas
| Contributor(s):: Melody J Maxwell, Mary H Freire de Carvalho, Armando E Hoet, Marco AN Vigilato, Julio C Pompei, Ottorino Cosivi, Victor J Del Rio Vilas, Patrick Butaye (editor)
In recent years, global public health security has been threatened by zoonotic disease emergence as exemplified by outbreaks of H5N1 and H1N1 influenza, SARS, and most recently Ebola and Zika. Additionally, endemic zoonoses, such as rabies, burden countries year after year, placing demands on...
Risk behaviors for disease transmission among petting zoo attendees
| Contributor(s):: M. McMillian, J.R. Dunn, J.E. Keen, K.L. Brady, T.F. Jones
To evaluate risk behaviors for transmission of zoonotic diseases at petting zoos during a period without a recognized disease outbreak. Observational survey with environmental microbiologic sampling. 6 petting zoos in Tennessee. Attendees were observed for animal and environmental contact, eating...