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Management and mastitis
Contributor(s):: Francis, P. G.
This is the abstr. of a paper presented at the Winter Meeting of the Society for Veterinary Ethology, which was held in London, UK on 3 Dec. 1980. Various measures were investigated to reduce the Escherichia coli population in cubicle (free-stall) straw bedding during a 5-month winter period.
The behavioural responses of badgers ( Meles meles ) to exclusion from farm buildings using an electric fence
Contributor(s):: Tolhurst, B. A., Ward, A. I., Delahay, R. J., MacMaster, A. M., Roper, T. J.
Behavioural investigations into the transmission of bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) between badgers and cattle suggest that badger activity in farm buildings may incur a significant risk of cross-infection. However, measures to exclude badgers from buildings have not been systematically...
Ranging behaviour of European badgers ( Meles meles ) in relation to bovine tuberculosis ( Mycobacterium bovis ) infection
Contributor(s):: Garnett, B. T., Delahay, R. J., Roper, T. J.
Using radio-telemetry and direct observation, we monitored the ranging and foraging behaviour, habitat use and sett use of eight same-sex pairs of badgers (Meles meles L.). Members of each pair were of the same age-class and were members of the same social group, but differed with respect to...
Behaviour of pigs with viral and bacterial pneumonia
Contributor(s):: Escobar, J., Alstine, W. G. van, Baker, D. H., Johnson, R. W.
The behavioural response to infection is well organized and may enhance disease resistance and facilitate recovery, but the behaviour of pigs with an acute respiratory infection has not been assessed. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate behaviour of pigs inoculated with...
Effect of suckling ('restricted suckling') on dairy cows' udder health and milk let-down and their calves' weight gain, feed intake and behaviour
Contributor(s):: Froberg, S., Gratte, E., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K., Olsson, I., Berg, C., Orihuela, A., Galina, C. S., Garcia, B., Lidfors, L.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of restricted suckling (RS) in Holstein cattle on the weight gain, health and behaviour of calves and on udder health and milk let-down in cows compared to artificial rearing (AR). The study was conducted in Mexico. The 27 cows with calves were...
Human handling, flock size and responses to an E. coli challenge in young chickens
Contributor(s):: Collins, N. W., Siegel, P. B.
The effects of human handling and flock size on physiological, behavioural and production traits of female chickens were examined in two flocks of 10 and 20 chicks handled gently and spoken to for 1 minute, 3 days a week, and in two similar groups which were not handled. Pullets maintained in...
Pet ownership and knowledge of zoonotic diseases in De Kalb County, Georgia
Contributor(s):: Fontaine, R. E., Schantz, P. M.
In a telephone survey in September 1986, 62% of interviewed households had pets (42% with dogs and 30% with cats). Respondents were poorly informed about the potential health hazards associated with animals. Only 63% of household heads believed that diseases of pets could be transmitted to humans...
Comparison of indoor and captive, free-roaming management in golden-headed lion tamarins ( Leontopithecus chrysomelas ) at Zurich Zoo
Contributor(s):: Steinmetz, H. W., Zingg, R., Ossent, P., Eulenberger, U., Clauss, M., Hatt, J. M.
Traditional husbandry practices for the public display of Callitrichidae involve strict separation of animals and public. An important consideration for the evaluation of such management is the occurrence of health problems and potential zoonotic risks. This study compared animal data and...
The impact of genetic selection for increased milk yield on the welfare of dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Oltenacu, P. A., Broom, D. M.
Milk yield per cow has more than doubled in the previous 40 years and many cows now produce more than 20,000 kg of milk per lactation. The increase in production should be viewed with concern because: (i) the increase in milk yield has been accompanied by declining fertility, increasing leg and...
Studies on the phenogenetics of behaviour in dogs
Contributor(s):: Krusinskii, L. V.
THE 3 characters studied are (a) "passive defence reaction, " or shyness, T, as shown by tendency to run away at the approach of a stranger, hiding in a corner, dilation of pupils, muscular tetanus; (b) "active defence reaction " or aggressiveness, A [N.B. author uses no symbol] shown by attempt...