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  1. Effectiveness of the bird repellents anthraquinone and d-pulegone on an endemic New Zealand parrot, the kea (Nestor notabilis)

    Contributor(s):: Orr-Walker, Tamsin, Adams, Nigel J., Roberts, Lorne G., Kemp, Joshua R., Spurr, Eric B.

    The toxin 1080 (sodium fluoroacetate) is widely used to control introduced mammalian pests in New Zealand. By-kill of non-target native species, particularly birds, does occur including that of the endemic New Zealand parrot, the kea (Nestor notabilis). In large-scale control operations the toxin...

  2. New food baits for trapping house mice, black rats and brown rats

    Contributor(s):: Takács, Stephen, Musso, Antonia E., Gries, Regine, Rozenberg, Emma, Borden, John H., Brodie, Bekka, Gries, Gerhard

    We have recently developed new food baits (SFU Mouse Bait, SFU Rat Bait) for trapping granivorous house mice, Mus musculus, and black rats, Ramis rattus, and for trapping omnivorous brown rats, Rattus norvegicus. Both baits contain synthetic long-range volatile food attractants that represent...

  3. Natural bait additives improve trapping success of common voles, Microtus arvalis

    Contributor(s):: Schlötelburg, Annika, Jakob, Gerhard, Bellingrath-Kimura, Sonoko, Jacob, Jens

    Common voles are serious pests in European agriculture, damaging cereals, rapeseed and other crops and causing substantial losses per outbreak. Not only might the usual approach of applying rodenticides for population management have disadvantages for non-target species, these rodenticides also...

  4. Distance-dependent effectiveness of diversionary bear bait sites

    Contributor(s):: Stringham, Stephen F., Bryant, Ann

  5. Characterizing nontarget species use at bait sites for white-tailed deer

    Contributor(s):: Bowman, Brent, Belant, Jerrold L., Beyer, Dean E., Jr., Martel, Deborah

  6. Individual hunting behaviour and prey specialisation in the house cat Felis catus: implications for conservation and management

    Contributor(s):: Dickman, C. R., Newsome, T. M.

    Predators are often classed as prey specialists if they eat a narrow range of prey types, or as generalists if they hunt multiple prey types. Yet, individual predators often exhibit sex, size, age or personality-related differences in their diets that may alter the impacts of predation on...

  7. Conditioned taste aversion in the grey fox ( Pseudalopex griseus), in Southern Argentine Patagonia

    Contributor(s):: Nielsen, S., Travaini, A., Vassallo, A. I., Procopio, D., Zapata, S. C.

    Attempts to control cougar ( Puma concolor) and culpeo fox ( Pseudalopex culpaeus) populations in Patagonia through poisoning, negatively affects grey foxes ( Pseudalopex griseus) and many other non-target species. It is therefore advisable to develop selective predator control methods. Among a...

  8. Estimation of red-winged blackbird mortality from toxic bait application

    Contributor(s):: James F. Glahn, Michael L. Avery

    Application of slow-acting toxic bait is one method of reducing local populations of depredating blackbirds. Estimating numbers of birds killed in such baiting operations is difficult because affected birds die off-site and are seldom recovered. We conducted bioassays and flight pen studies of...

  9. Efficacy of aerial broadcast baiting in reducing brown treesnake numbers

    Contributor(s):: Clark, L., Savarie, P. J.

  10. Efficacy, effort, and cost comparisons of trapping and acetaminophen-baiting for control of brown treesnakes on Guam

    Contributor(s):: Clark, L., Savarie, P. J., Shivik, J. A., Breck, S. W., Dorr, B. S.

  11. Minimizing harm in possum control operations and experiments in New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C., Weaver, S. A.

    Pest control operations and experimentation on sentient animals such as the brushtail possum can cause unnecessary and avoidable suffering in the animal subjects. Minimizing animal suffering is an animal welfare goal and can be used as a guide in the design and execution of animal experimentation...

  12. Deterrent or dinner bell? Alteration of badger activity and feeding at baited plots using ultrasonic and water jet devices

    Contributor(s):: Ward, A. I., Pietravalle, S., Cowan, D. P., Delahay, R. J.

    The increasing incidence of reports of damage caused by Eurasian badgers (Meles meles) in UK urban environments requires the development of effective, humane, non-lethal solutions. Ultrasonic deterrents are widely available to the public and are sold as a humane solution to the presence of...

  13. Artificial illumination reduces bait-take by small rainforest mammals

    Contributor(s):: Bengsen, A. J., Leung, L. K. P., Lapidge, S. J., Gordon, I. J.

    Small mammals often moderate their foraging behaviour in response to cues indicating a high local predation risk. We assessed the ability of cues associated with a high predation risk to reduce the consumption of bait by non-target small mammal species in a tropical rainforest, without inhibiting...

  14. Cereal aversion in behaviourally resistant house mice in Birmingham, UK

    Contributor(s):: Humphries, R. E., Sibly, R. M., Meehan, A. P.

    Behavioural resistance of Mus domesticus [M. musculus] was investigated by comparing the food preferences of West Midlands behaviourally resistant (WMBR) mice with those of normal (BC) mice. Nine bait boxes each containing one of 9 different foods (cheese, chicken, tuna fish, peanut butter,...

  15. Potential of three rodenticides to induce conditioned aversion to their baits in the Indian mole rat, Bandicota bengalensis

    Contributor(s):: Parshad, V. R., Kochar, J. K.

  16. "Poison-shyness" and "bait-shyness" developed by wild rats ( Rattus rattus L.). I. Methods for eliminating "shyness" caused by barium carbonate poisoning

    Contributor(s):: Naheed, G., Khan, J. A.

    Colonies of wild rats, were offered the choice between two baits-cereal grains, flours, mixtures, oily and sweet cereals, and also grain flour. The rats were poisoned in the preferred baits with barium carbonate (10 mg/g food; 20 mg/g food in oily baits) and then presented with the same choice of...

  17. A study of the investigatory behavior of the dairy cow

    Contributor(s):: Nielsen, M. A., Luescher, U. A.

    A commission to investigate the possible ingestion by dairy cattle of air-dropped wildlife baits for vaccination against sylvatic rabies provided an opportunity for a detailed study of bovine investigatory behaviour. Twelve unarmed baits (half of which were placed in a bag with live slurry...

  18. Diversity of diet influences the persistence of conditioned taste aversion in rats

    Contributor(s):: Gentle, M., Massei, G., Quy, R.

    Conditioned taste aversion (CTA) occurs when an animal associates the taste of a food with illness, and subsequently avoids consuming that food. CTA can be a significant obstacle to the cost-effectiveness of poison-baiting campaigns when baits contain toxicants that cause symptoms to develop...

  19. The feeding pattern of the Norway rat ( Rattus norvegicus ) in two differently structured habitats on a farm

    Contributor(s):: Klemann, N., Pelz, H. J.

    The adaptation of bait uptake behaviour in Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) to the conditions of particular habitats was investigated on a farm in north-west Germany. Live-trapped rats were fitted with individual PIT tags and were automatically registered at bait stations in two differently...

  20. Behavioural resistance towards poison baits in brown rats, Rattus norvegicus

    Contributor(s):: Brunton, C. F. A., Macdonald, D. W., Buckle, A. P.