Deterrent or dinner bell? Alteration of badger activity and feeding at baited plots using ultrasonic and water jet devices
Contributor(s):: Ward, A. I., Pietravalle, S., Cowan, D. P., Delahay, R. J.
The increasing incidence of reports of damage caused by Eurasian badgers (Meles meles) in UK urban environments requires the development of effective, humane, non-lethal solutions. Ultrasonic deterrents are widely available to the public and are sold as a humane solution to the presence of...
Artificial illumination reduces bait-take by small rainforest mammals
Contributor(s):: Bengsen, A. J., Leung, L. K. P., Lapidge, S. J., Gordon, I. J.
Small mammals often moderate their foraging behaviour in response to cues indicating a high local predation risk. We assessed the ability of cues associated with a high predation risk to reduce the consumption of bait by non-target small mammal species in a tropical rainforest, without inhibiting...
Cereal aversion in behaviourally resistant house mice in Birmingham, UK
Contributor(s):: Humphries, R. E., Sibly, R. M., Meehan, A. P.
Behavioural resistance of Mus domesticus [M. musculus] was investigated by comparing the food preferences of West Midlands behaviourally resistant (WMBR) mice with those of normal (BC) mice. Nine bait boxes each containing one of 9 different foods (cheese, chicken, tuna fish, peanut butter,...
"Poison-shyness" and "bait-shyness" developed by wild rats ( Rattus rattus L.). I. Methods for eliminating "shyness" caused by barium carbonate poisoning
Contributor(s):: Naheed, G., Khan, J. A.
Colonies of wild rats, were offered the choice between two baits-cereal grains, flours, mixtures, oily and sweet cereals, and also grain flour. The rats were poisoned in the preferred baits with barium carbonate (10 mg/g food; 20 mg/g food in oily baits) and then presented with the same choice of...
A study of the investigatory behavior of the dairy cow
Contributor(s):: Nielsen, M. A., Luescher, U. A.
A commission to investigate the possible ingestion by dairy cattle of air-dropped wildlife baits for vaccination against sylvatic rabies provided an opportunity for a detailed study of bovine investigatory behaviour. Twelve unarmed baits (half of which were placed in a bag with live slurry...
Potential of three rodenticides to induce conditioned aversion to their baits in the Indian mole rat, Bandicota bengalensis
Contributor(s):: Parshad, V. R., Kochar, J. K.
Diversity of diet influences the persistence of conditioned taste aversion in rats
Contributor(s):: Gentle, M., Massei, G., Quy, R.
Conditioned taste aversion (CTA) occurs when an animal associates the taste of a food with illness, and subsequently avoids consuming that food. CTA can be a significant obstacle to the cost-effectiveness of poison-baiting campaigns when baits contain toxicants that cause symptoms to develop...
The feeding pattern of the Norway rat ( Rattus norvegicus ) in two differently structured habitats on a farm
Contributor(s):: Klemann, N., Pelz, H. J.
The adaptation of bait uptake behaviour in Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) to the conditions of particular habitats was investigated on a farm in north-west Germany. Live-trapped rats were fitted with individual PIT tags and were automatically registered at bait stations in two differently...
Behavioural resistance towards poison baits in brown rats, Rattus norvegicus
Contributor(s):: Brunton, C. F. A., Macdonald, D. W., Buckle, A. P.
Can learned aversion be used to control bait uptake by Eurasian badgers?
Contributor(s):: Cagnacci, F., Massei, G., Cowan, D. P., Delahay, R. J.
Vaccination and fertility control by means of oral baits may be potential tools for the management of bovine tuberculosis (TB) in populations of the Eurasian badger (Meles meles L.), but bait monopolisation may hamper the effectiveness of these methods. One potential method to reduce bait...
Protecting egg prey from Carrion Crows: the potential of aversive conditioning
Contributor(s):: Cox, R., Baker, S. E., Macdonald, D. W., Berdoy, M.
Carrion Crows, Corvus corone, are held responsible for taking the eggs and chicks of many bird species. In areas of conservation significance, intervention may be required. Traditionally, managers have attempted to control predation by killing predators, but this may not be the most effective or...
Evaluation of the tranquilliser trap device (TTD) for improving the humaneness of dingo trapping
Contributor(s):: Marks, C. A., Allen, L., Gigliotti, F., Busana, F., Gonzalez, T., Lindeman, M., Fisher, P. M.
Predation of sheep and cattle by the dingo (Canis lupus dingo) is implicated in significant stock losses throughout much of mainland Australia. Leg-hold traps are commonly used for dingo control and ways are sought to improve the humaneness of these devices. We evaluated the performance of the...
Fox control using a para-aminopropiophenone formulation with the M-44 ejector
Contributor(s):: Marks, C. A., Gigliotti, F., Busana, F., Johnston, M., Lindeman, M.
The M-44 ejector ('ejector') has proven to be a highly target-specific means of delivering toxicants to the exotic European red fox (Vulpes vulpes) in south-eastern Australia. Para-aminopropiophenone (PAPP) is a potent methaemoglobin (MetHb) forming compound in canids. A formulation of PAPP,...
Is sodium fluoroacetate (1080) a humane poison? The influence of mode of action, physiological effects, and target specificity
Contributor(s):: Twigg, L. E., Parker, R. W.
1080 (sodium fluoroacetate)-baiting programmes are an important and often the only option for reducing the impact of invasive vertebrate pests on biodiversity and agricultural production in Australia and New Zealand. These programmes are generally recognised as being target specific, and...