Black Bears Recolonizing Historic Ranges: Indiana Human–Bear Interactions
| Contributor(s):: Bradford J. Westrich, Emily B. McCallen, Geriann Albers
Over a century after extirpation from Indiana, USA, 2 American black bears (Ursus americanus) were confirmed in the state during the summers of 2015 and 2016. The first bear encountered a public and management agency unaccustomed to living with large carnivores, which resulted in...
Sloth Bear Attacks on Humans in Central India: Implications for Species Conservation
| Contributor(s):: Nisha Singh, Swapnil Sonone, Nishith Dharaiya
Conflicts with wild animals are increasing as human populations grow and related anthropogenic activities encroach into wildlife habitats. A good example of this situation is the increase in conflicts between humans and sloth bears (Melursus ursinus) in India. Sloth bears are known for their...
Development of a fixed list of terms for qualitative behavioural assessment of brown bear (Ursus arctos) in Sanctuaries
| Contributor(s):: Stagni, Elena, Brscic, Marta, Contiero, Barbara, Kirchner, Marlene, Sequeira, Sara, Hartmann, Sabine
Post-release activity and habitat selection of rehabilitated black bears
| Contributor(s):: Patrick J. Myers, Julie K. Young
Despite the long history of wildlife rehabilitation and the abundance of empirical knowledge of the behavior and resource selection of wildlife species, rarely does research bridge these disciplines. Such investigations could be of value to wildlife managers and rehabilitators by revealing the...
Human-Black Bear Conflicts
| Contributor(s):: Carl W. Lackey, Stewart W. Breck, Brian F. Wakeling, Bryant White
Most human–black bear (Ursus americanus) conflict occurs when people make anthropogenic foods like garbage, dog food, domestic poultry, or fruit trees available to bears. Bears change their behavior to take advantage of these resources and may damage property or cause public safety...
A critical review o f animal-based welfare indicators for polar bears (Ursus maritimus) in zoos: Identification and evidence of validity
| Contributor(s):: Skovlund, C. R., Kirchner, M. K., Moos, L. W., Alsted, N., Manteca, X., Tallo-Parra, O., Stelvig, M., Forkman, B.
Evaluating physiological stress in Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus) rescued from bile farms in Vietnam
| Contributor(s):: Narayan, E., Willis, A., Thompson, R., Hunter-Ishikawa, M., Bendixsen, T.
Lakes, Mountains and Grizzly Bears; Traveling-with-Beau
| Contributor(s):: Donald F. Smith
In Part 10 in a series of stories reflecting on a 2007 trip to Alaska with his dog, Beau, Beau was safely boarded in a veterinary clinic while Dr. Smith and his wife Doris drove south from Anchorage through the Kenai Peninsula to their ultimate destination at the ocean port of...
The Long Journey Home: Traveling with Beau
In Part 11 in a series of stories reflecting on a 2007 trip to Alaska with his dog, Beau, preparations were made for Doris to fly home while Dr. Smith and Beau retraced their route across North America. The remaining 10 days of the trip were relatively uneventful.
Human–Black Bear Conflicts: A Review of Common Management Practices
The objective of this monograph is to provide wildlife professionals, who respond to human–bear conflicts, with an appraisal of the most common techniques used for mitigating conflicts as well as the benefits and challenges of each technique in a single document. Most human–black...
An Observational Study of the Behaviour of Captive Rehabilitant Sun Bears (Helarctos malayanus)
| Contributor(s):: Forbes, Giverny, Crudge, Brian, Lewis, Kate, Officer, Kirsty, Descovich, Kris
Hiker Narratives of Living among Bears on the Appalachian Trail
| Contributor(s):: Marx, K.
An analysis of human–black bear conflict in Utah
| Contributor(s):: Julie Ann Miller, Tom S. Smith, Janene Auger, Hal Black, Loreen Allphin
Conflict between black bears (Ursus americanus) and humans has occurred in Utah, but the records are largely incomplete. To document these events, the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources initiated a black bear sightings and encounters database in 2003, and we updated it. From 2003–2013,...
Human-Bear Interactions Among Black Bears in Bryce Canyon National Park, Utah, and Polar Bears on Alaska's North Slope
| Contributor(s):: Wesley G. Larson
Human-bear interactions are an important consideration of bear biology, as interactions can lead to destruction of property as well as injury or death for both human and bear. Successful analysis of why these interactions occur can lead to appropriate preventative measures and mitigation of...
Human-wildlife conflict-causes, consequences and mitigation measures with special reference to Kashmir
| Contributor(s):: Aadil Habib, Ishfaq Nazir, Mustahson F. Fazili, Bilal A. Bhat
The rising levels of man-animal conflicts at various locations of Kashmir valley in India are due to close proximity between humans and wild carnivores particularly leopard and black bear. The data regarding human injuries and mortalities caused during conflicts from 2010 to 2012 was collected...
Human development and climate affect hibernation in a large carnivore with implications for human–carnivore conflicts
| Contributor(s):: Heather E. Johnson, David L. Lewis, Tana L. Verzuh, Cody F. Wallace, Rebecca M. Much, Lyle K. Willmarth, Stewart W. Breck
1. Expanding human development and climate change are dramatically altering habitat conditions for wildlife. While the initial response of wildlife to changing environmental conditions is typically a shift in behavior, little is known about the effects of these stressors on hibernation...
Using detection dogs and RSPF models to assess habitat suitability for bears in Greater Yellowstone
| Contributor(s):: Jon P. Beckmann, Lisette P. Waits, Aimee Hurt, Alice Whitelaw, Scott Bergen
In the northern U.S. Rockies, including the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE), connectivity is a concern because large carnivores have difficulties dispersing successfully between protected areas. One area of high conservation value because of its importance for connecting the GYE to...
The Welfare of Bears in Zoos: A Case Study of Poland
| Contributor(s):: Maślak, Robert, Sergiel, Agnieszka, Bowles, David, Paśko, Łukasz
The welfare of captive bears became a big issue of concern in Poland when a case of a bear being ill-treated became a high-profile case in the media. This case created a challenge to verify, study, and understand the main problems associated with bear keeping so that zoos could significantly...
Attitudes Toward Bile Extraction From Living Bears: Survey of Citizens and Students in Beijing
| Contributor(s):: Liu, Zhao, Jiang, Zhigang, Yang, Aifang, Xu, Bingbing, Fang, Hongxia, Xie, Zongping, Li, Ning, Li, Chunwang, Meng, Zhibin, Zeng, Yan
Bear bile is a traditional Chinese medicine that has been used for millennia. Several arguments support and oppose the use of bear farming in terms of conservation and nonhuman animal welfare. This study involved designing a questionnaire and surveying a random sample of general citizens and...
Milkmaid Bears and Savage Mates: The Cultural Exploitation of Real and Fictive White Bears from the Elizabethan Period to the Present
| Contributor(s):: Woolf, Judith
The paper considers the cultural exploitation of bears, especially white ones, from the late sixteenth century to the present, both in drama and literary fiction and in the bear pits, theatres, circuses, zoos, and natural habitats in which real biological bears have found themselves mythologized...