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  1. Milkmaid Bears and Savage Mates: The Cultural Exploitation of Real and Fictive White Bears from the Elizabethan Period to the Present

    Contributor(s):: Woolf, Judith

    The paper considers the cultural exploitation of bears, especially white ones, from the late sixteenth century to the present, both in drama and literary fiction and in the bear pits, theatres, circuses, zoos, and natural habitats in which real biological bears have found themselves mythologized...

  2. Ecotourism and Human-Bear Relations in Ontario: Working for Multispecies Respect and Economic Sustainability

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Victoria Readings

    Relations between northern Ontario’s human communities and black bears have often been violent, and hunting is promoted for economic and “safety” reasons. The Ontario spring bear hunt was previously banned but was recently reinstated, compounding concerns about human-bear...

  3. Representations of polar bears in tourism: Exploring power relations through discourse analysis

    Historical and contemporary relationships between human beings and polar bears are dynamic and complex, and the lives of these two animal species continue to be intimately intertwined in the tourism context. The polar bear viewing industry increasingly relies on the (re)creation, dissemination,...

  4. Rural and urban students' perceptions of and attitudes toward brown bears in Turkey

    | Contributor(s):: Ambarli, H.

    Many studies have examined adults' perceptions of and attitudes toward large carnivores to assess human-wildlife conflict and inform conservation strategies, but there have been few studies concerning children. I studied secondary school students' perceptions of and attitudes toward brown bears...

  5. The bear as barometer: the Japanese response to human-bear conflict

    | Contributor(s):: Catherine Heather Knight

    The Asiatic black bear, or 'moon bear', has inhabited Japan since pre-historic times, and is the largest animal to have roamed Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu since mega-fauna became extinct on the Japanese archipelago after the last glacial period. Despite this, the bear features only rarely...

  6. Meeting and merging: painting animal/human encounters with medicine

    | Contributor(s):: Jo Voysey

    My work focuses on the expressive potential of medicinal remedies as a medium for painting. My exploration is concentrated on aspects of the human relationship to animals in captivity and stems from a relationship I had with a caged bear when I was living in Georgia, Eastern Europe in 2011. The...

  7. Samiska björngravar och dess återspegling av relationen mellan människa och djur

    | Contributor(s):: Viktoria Eriksson

    The Sami bear graves is an important source for archaeological research on the indigenous people of the Nordic countries. They bring stories of the past through the bones and through written sources from the 17th century. The mythological stories tell us about interactions between man and the...

  8. Behavior of Scandinavian brown bears when encountered by dogs and humans

    | Contributor(s):: Stine Emilie Noding Hansen

    The Scandinavian brown bear population was persecuted in the last half of the 1800s and almost went extinct. They got protected in Sweden in 1927 and in Norway in 1973, and have since reached a level that can be hunted. The bears choose areas with as little human activity as possible, but...

  9. Survey of Attitudes Toward, Conflicts With and Management Of Wolves and Bears in Rural Villages in Armenia

    | Contributor(s):: Serda Ozbenian

    Many studies aimed at assessing human attitudes towards and negative interactions  (conflicts) with carnivores, such as wolves (Canis lupus) and bears (Ursus arctos), have  been conducted throughout the world. Although villagers in Armenia have reported  conflicts with these...

  10. Comparison of Intervention Programs Designed to Reduce Human-Bear Conflict: A Review of the Literature

    | Contributor(s):: Meredith L. Gore

    Black bear populations are increasing throughout North America (McCracken 1995, Peine 2001). Typically, when areas of black bear population expansion overlap regions of substantial human use (e.g., a suburban neighborhood or tourist destination), conflict can ensue. Human-bear conflict is an...

  11. Alternative Methods of Controlling Wildlife Populations

    | Contributor(s):: Lindsay Aspin, Chantel McDowell, Rebecca Rocha, Julie M. Fagan

    Every year New Jersey sets aside several days for a state-sponsored black bear hunt. We feel that this hunt is unnecessary, and that proper human behaviors will change black bear behavior, and ultimately decrease human-bear interactions. This way, humans are at peace, and bears are at peace, and...

  12. Human and Black Bear Interactions in Buncombe County, North Carolina, from 1993–2013

    | Contributor(s):: Adam Guy Alsamadisi

    Over the past 20 years the frequency of interactions between humans and black bears in Buncombe County, North Carolina has been increasing, posing threats to human safety, black bear populations, ecological stability, and conservation support. During this time, both the human population and the...

  13. Behaviour of brown bears (Ursus arctos) when repeatedly approached by humans on foot

    | Contributor(s):: Nina Emilie Stenset

    Knowledge about encounters between humans and wildlife is important for conservation, management and policymaking, as well as for reducing conflict and negative interactions. There is general concern that an increased number of encounters might reduce wildlife flight responses. I investigated the...

  14. Foraging ecology of black bears in urban environments : guidance for human-bear conflict mitigation

    | Contributor(s):: D.L. Lewis, S. Baruch-Mordo, K.R. Wilson, S.W. Breck, J.S. Mao, J. Broderick

    Urban environments offer wildlife novel anthropogenic resources that vary spatiotemporally at fine scales. Property damage, economic losses, human injury, or other human-wildlife conflicts can occur when wildlife use these resources; however, few studies have examined urban wildlife resource...

  15. Assessing bear-human conflicts in the Yukon Territory

    | Contributor(s):: Raechel Dawn Lukie

    Managing conflicts between bears and humans is vital for human safety and for the conservation of bears. This study investigated black bear (Ursus americanus) and grizzly bear (Ursus arctos) interactions with humans in 18 major communities of the Yukon Territory. I used an information theoretic...

  16. Mitigating Human-Black Bear Conflicts by Understanding Spatial Patterns and Assoicated Site Characteristics

    | Contributor(s):: Mary Wendy Von Der Porten

    Conflict with humans poses a serious risk to the viability of carnivore populations worldwide. Identifying effective non-lethal management strategies demands an understanding of the interplay among multiple drivers of conflict at the scale of conflict situations. I quantified the spatial patterns...

  17. Coexistence : the human/grizzly bear interface in a rural community of British Columbia

    | Contributor(s):: Gillian L. Sanders

    Environmental Education is becoming increasingly important as human populations expand into wildlife habitat, often resulting in human/wildlife conflicts. Meadow Creek British Columbia has experienced a long history of conflicts with grizzly bears resulting in significant bear mortalities. This...

  18. Interactions between grizzly bears and hikers in Glacier National Park, Montana

    | Contributor(s):: Katherine Louise McArthur Jope

    Behavior of grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) toward people was studied by examining hikers' reports of grizzly bear observations and by intensively observing grizzlies in an area of Glacier National Park that was heavily used by day-hikers. Of concern were the apparenthabituation...

  19. Distance-dependent effectiveness of diversionary bear bait sites

    | Contributor(s):: Stringham, Stephen F., Bryant, Ann

  20. Black bear exclusion fences to protect mobile apiaries

    | Contributor(s):: Otto, Tammy E., Roloff, Gary J.