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  1. Survey of Attitudes Toward, Conflicts With and Management Of Wolves and Bears in Rural Villages in Armenia

    Contributor(s):: Serda Ozbenian

    Many studies aimed at assessing human attitudes towards and negative interactions  (conflicts) with carnivores, such as wolves (Canis lupus) and bears (Ursus arctos), have  been conducted throughout the world. Although villagers in Armenia have reported  conflicts with these...

  2. Comparison of Intervention Programs Designed to Reduce Human-Bear Conflict: A Review of the Literature

    Contributor(s):: Meredith L. Gore

    Black bear populations are increasing throughout North America (McCracken 1995, Peine 2001). Typically, when areas of black bear population expansion overlap regions of substantial human use (e.g., a suburban neighborhood or tourist destination), conflict can ensue. Human-bear conflict is an...

  3. Alternative Methods of Controlling Wildlife Populations

    Contributor(s):: Lindsay Aspin, Chantel McDowell, Rebecca Rocha, Julie M. Fagan

    Every year New Jersey sets aside several days for a state-sponsored black bear hunt. We feel that this hunt is unnecessary, and that proper human behaviors will change black bear behavior, and ultimately decrease human-bear interactions. This way, humans are at peace, and bears are at peace, and...

  4. Human and Black Bear Interactions in Buncombe County, North Carolina, from 1993–2013

    Contributor(s):: Adam Guy Alsamadisi

    Over the past 20 years the frequency of interactions between humans and black bears in Buncombe County, North Carolina has been increasing, posing threats to human safety, black bear populations, ecological stability, and conservation support. During this time, both the human population and the...

  5. Behaviour of brown bears (Ursus arctos) when repeatedly approached by humans on foot

    Contributor(s):: Nina Emilie Stenset

    Knowledge about encounters between humans and wildlife is important for conservation, management and policymaking, as well as for reducing conflict and negative interactions. There is general concern that an increased number of encounters might reduce wildlife flight responses. I investigated the...

  6. Foraging ecology of black bears in urban environments : guidance for human-bear conflict mitigation

    Contributor(s):: D.L. Lewis, S. Baruch-Mordo, K.R. Wilson, S.W. Breck, J.S. Mao, J. Broderick

    Urban environments offer wildlife novel anthropogenic resources that vary spatiotemporally at fine scales. Property damage, economic losses, human injury, or other human-wildlife conflicts can occur when wildlife use these resources; however, few studies have examined urban wildlife resource...

  7. Assessing bear-human conflicts in the Yukon Territory

    Contributor(s):: Raechel Dawn Lukie

    Managing conflicts between bears and humans is vital for human safety and for the conservation of bears. This study investigated black bear (Ursus americanus) and grizzly bear (Ursus arctos) interactions with humans in 18 major communities of the Yukon Territory. I used an information theoretic...

  8. Mitigating Human-Black Bear Conflicts by Understanding Spatial Patterns and Assoicated Site Characteristics

    Contributor(s):: Mary Wendy Von Der Porten

    Conflict with humans poses a serious risk to the viability of carnivore populations worldwide. Identifying effective non-lethal management strategies demands an understanding of the interplay among multiple drivers of conflict at the scale of conflict situations. I quantified the spatial patterns...

  9. Coexistence : the human/grizzly bear interface in a rural community of British Columbia

    Contributor(s):: Gillian L. Sanders

    Environmental Education is becoming increasingly important as human populations expand into wildlife habitat, often resulting in human/wildlife conflicts. Meadow Creek British Columbia has experienced a long history of conflicts with grizzly bears resulting in significant bear mortalities. This...

  10. Interactions between grizzly bears and hikers in Glacier National Park, Montana

    Contributor(s):: Katherine Louise McArthur Jope

    Behavior of grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) toward people was studied by examining hikers' reports of grizzly bear observations and by intensively observing grizzlies in an area of Glacier National Park that was heavily used by day-hikers. Of concern were the apparenthabituation...

  11. Distance-dependent effectiveness of diversionary bear bait sites

    Contributor(s):: Stringham, Stephen F., Bryant, Ann

  12. Black bear exclusion fences to protect mobile apiaries

    Contributor(s):: Otto, Tammy E., Roloff, Gary J.

  13. Brown bear and human recreational use of trails in Anchorage, Alaska

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Coltrane, Jessica A., Sinnott, Rick

    Anchorage, Alaska, has 301,000 human residents and hundreds of thousands of visitors each year. Anchorage also supports a viable population of brown bears (Ursus arctos). As a result, human–bear encounters are common. We used camera traps to monitor recreational trails near salmon...

  14. Characterizing nontarget species use at bait sites for white-tailed deer

    | Contributor(s):: Bowman, Brent, Belant, Jerrold L., Beyer, Dean E., Jr., Martel, Deborah

  15. American black bear-apiary conflicts in Michigan

    | Contributor(s):: McKinley, Beverly K., Belant, Jerrold L., Etter, Dwayne R.

  16. A device for refilling practice bear spray canisters

    | Contributor(s):: Gookin, John, Smith, Tom S., Williams, Alison

  17. Managing risk from bears and other potentially lethal wildlife: predictability, accountability, and liability

    | Contributor(s):: Stringham, Stephen F.

  18. Public perceptions of bears and management interventions in Japan

    | Contributor(s):: Sakurai, R., Jacobson, S. K.

  19. A Quantitative Analysis of Kalandars and Captive Bears in Pakistan

    | Contributor(s):: Thomas P. Rooney, Kendra C. Millam

    In 2013, the Bioresource Research Centre (Islamabad, Pakistan) conducted a comprehensive census of the remaining dancing and bear-baiting bears in Pakistan. This involved locating and counting the actual involved bears and bear keepers (kalandars), collecting detailed socio-economic data from the...

  20. Beyond the "Bear" Necessities: A Mixed Methods Analysis of the Conflicts Arising in Human-Black Bear Encounters

    | Contributor(s):: Kathryn Mazaika

    Human–black bear conflicts have been increasing over the last 25 years in the western United States. Conflicts arising in human–bear encounters involve both those between people and bears, and between people about bears and how to address them. Research focusing on the interactions...