Beasts in the jungle (or wherever)
Contributor(s):: Ritvo, Harriet
More bears, less bears: Inuit and scientific perceptions of polar bear populations on the west coast of Hudson Bay
Contributor(s):: Tyrrell, Martina
Behavioural decisions for managing social distance and aggression in captive polar bears ( Ursus maritimus )
Contributor(s):: Renner, M. J., Kelly, A. L.
The polar bear (Ursus maritimus) in most zoos attracts high levels of public attention and can play an important role in conservation education. Polar bears in the wild are typically solitary; bears in captivity often house socially. This study reported behavioural evidence on how bears manage...
China's bear farming and long-term solutions
Contributor(s):: Li, P. J.
Commentary on China's bear farming to obtain bear bile for traditional Chinese medicine and possible long-term solutions.
Effects of Inedible, Manipulable Objects on Captive Bears
Contributor(s):: Altman, Joanne D.
Examines the effect of inedible, manipulable objects on appetitive behavior of captive bears in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Behavioral patterns of bears; Reaction of a bear sloth to the presence of female spectacled bear; Comparison of the reaction of polar, sloth and spectacled bears to plastic...
Introducing a semi-naturalistic exhibit as structural enrichment for two brown bears ( Ursus arctos ). Does this ensure their captive well-being?
Contributor(s):: Soriano, A. I., Ensenyat, C., Serrat, S., Mate, C.
In this study we used the daily activity pattern and use of space as indicators of change in the program of structural enrichment, implemented with 2 subjects of the species Ursus arctos in the Barcelona Zoo. We collected 930 sampling points in each study phase for each of the individuals: The...
Landscape, social, and spatial influences on perceptions of human-Black bear interactions in the Adirondack Park, NY
Contributor(s):: Kretser, Heidi E., Curtis, Paul D., Knuth, Barbara A.
Effective methods to identify areas and people prone to human-wildlife conflicts help wildlife and land managers develop strategies that minimize unwanted human-wildlife interactions. We combined landscape variables (i.e., housing density, habitat quality) with data on local land use practices...
Media frames for black bear management stories during issue emergence in New York
Contributor(s):: Siemer, William F., Decker, Daniel J., Shanahan, James
We completed a content analysis of newspaper, radio, and television reports (n = 117) available to people in New York State between January 1999 and March 2002, to characterize how news stories differed with regard to problem identification, attributions of responsibility, and proposed solutions...
Predicting private landowner support toward recolonizing black bears in the Trans-Pecos region of Texas
Contributor(s):: Rice, Mindy B., Ballard, Warren B., Fish, Ernest B., Wester, David B., Holdermann, David
Black bears (Ursus americanus) began recolonizing the Trans-Pecos region of Texas from Mexico in the late 1980s after a 30-year absence. This region is predominately a ranching community and knowledge of landowner attitudes is essential to development of management plans for this population. We...
The effects of automated scatter feeders on captive grizzly bear activity budgets
Contributor(s):: Andrews, N. L. P., Ha, J. C.
Although captive bears are popular zoo attractions, they are known to exhibit high levels of repetitive behaviors (RBs). These behaviors have also made them particularly popular subjects for welfare research. To date, most research on ursid welfare has focused on various feeding methods that seek...
The role of zoos in the rehabilitation of animals in the circus
Contributor(s):: Gupta, B. K., Bipul, Chakraborty
In 1998, the government of India enforced a ban on performance/exhibition of 5 species of nonhuman animals: (a) lions, (b) tigers, (c) leopards, (d) bears, and (e) monkeys. The Ministry of Environment and Forests gave the responsibility to the Central Zoo Authority (CZA) for rehabilitation of...
Individual effects of seasonal changes, visitor density, and concurrent bear behavior on stereotypical behaviors in captive polar bears ( Ursus maritimus)
Contributor(s):: Kelly, K. R., Harrison, M. L., Size, D. D., MacDonald, S. E.
Stereotypical behaviors in captive polar bears ( Ursus maritimus) can be detrimental to their welfare. These behaviors can be reduced through enrichment programs but are often not completely eliminated, so identifying potential triggers is important. The present study investigated the influences...
Linguistic Science and Mystification in Prosper Mérimée's "Lokis"
Contributor(s):: Fudeman, Kirsten A.
Behavioural assessment of dental pain in captive Malayan sun bears ( Helarctos malayanus)
Contributor(s):: Fleming, M., Burn, C. C.
Captive bears are prone to developing dental pathology for reasons including longevity in captivity, inappropriate diet, trauma, and stereotypical bar biting. If not detected, this can cause pain and suffering, with negative welfare consequences. As animals cannot verbally express feelings,...
What good is a bear to society?
Contributor(s):: Harding, L.
Arising out of fieldwork in the Canadian Rockies, this paper analyzes the role of bears in the conservation culture of Canadian national parks. Why is the presence of this large predator tolerated and even celebrated by some? And why do others fear and even despise this animal, whom they see as a...
The relevance of age and gender for public attitudes to brown bears ( Ursus arctos), black bears ( Ursus americanus), and cougars ( Puma concolor) in Kamloops, British Columbia
Contributor(s):: Campbell, M. O.
Home range, habitat use, and food habits of the black bear in southcentral Florida
Contributor(s):: Wade Allen Ulrey
I studied a small, enigmatic, and imperiled black bear population in south-central Florida from 2004 - 2006. Annual home ranges of males (96.0 km2) were larger than those of females (32.2 km2). Female home ranges were smaller in winter than in summer or fall. At the landscape scale, bears...
Habitat use by black bears in relation to forest management in Pisgah National Forest, North Carolina
Contributor(s):: Allan Joseph Brody
A total of 1310 locations was obtained on 18 radio collared black bears (Ursus americanus) in Pisgah National Forrest, North Carolina, during 1982 and 1983. Male home ranges averaged 3205 ha in summer and 6931 ha in fall. Female home ranges averaged 872 hectares in summer and 1712 hectares in...
Impacts of supplemental feeding on the nutritional ecology of black bears
Contributor(s):: Steven T. Partridge, Dale L. Nolte, Georg J. Ziegltrum, Charles T. Robbins
Black bear (Ursus americanus) damage to managed conifer stands during the spring in the U.S. Pacific Northwest is a continuing management concern. Because bear damage to managed conifers may reflect the limited availability of nutritious foods, supplemental feeding has been used to decrease...
Activity and enrichment use in disabled Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus) rescued from bile farms
Contributor(s):: Dallaire, J. A., Field, N., Mason, G. J.