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  1. Aggressive body language of bears and wildlife viewing: a response to Geist (2011)

    Contributor(s):: Stringham, S. F.

  2. Captive bears in human-animal welfare conflict: a case study of bile extraction on Asia's bear farms

    Contributor(s):: Kikuchi, R.

  3. Does diversionary feeding create nuisance bears and jeopardize public safety?

    Contributor(s):: Rogers, L. L.

  4. Misconceptions about black bears: a response to Geist (2011)

    Contributor(s):: Rogers, L. L., Mansfield, S. A.

  5. Response to Rogers and Mansfield (2011) and Stringham (2011)

    Contributor(s):: Geist, V.

  6. Using stable isotope analysis to quantify anthropogenic foraging in black bears

    Contributor(s):: Merkle, J. A., Derbridge, J. J., Krausman, P. R.

  7. Public Attitudes toward Black Bears (Ursus americanus) and Cougars (Puma concolor) on Vancouver Island

    Contributor(s):: Campbell, M., Lancaster, B. L.

  8. The black bear hunt in New Jersey: A constructionist analysis of an intractable conflict

    Contributor(s):: Harker, D., Bates, D. C.

  9. Human-wildlife conflicts influence attitudes but not necessarily behaviors: factors driving the poaching of bears in China

    Contributor(s):: Liu, Fang, McShea, W. J., Garshelis, D. L., Zhu, XiaoJian, Wang, DaJun, Shao, LiangKun

  10. Interactions between wildlife viewers and habituated brown bears, 1987-1992

    Contributor(s):: Fagen, J. M., Fagen, R.

    Public participation in wildlife viewing has increased in recent years in the USA and is expected to continue to increase. The article presents and analyses direct, systematic observations of 322 human interactions with known, habituated brown bears over six consecutive years from 1987-92 at Pack...

  11. AVMA hosts a whale of a welfare forum

    Contributor(s):: Monti, D. J., Wollrab, T. I.

  12. Stereotypies and attentiveness to novel stimuli: a test in polar bears

    Contributor(s):: Wechsler, B.

    Marks of unfamiliar odours were placed on the stereotyped paths of two captive polar bears in order to test their attentiveness to novel stimuli during stereotyped walking. Both individuals significantly increased their rate of sniffing compared with stereotyped walking bouts without odour marks...

  13. Stereotypy and perseverative responding in caged bears: further data and analyses

    Contributor(s):: Vickery, S. S., Mason, G. J.

    Stereotypies are common in captive animals; yet, their underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. One hypothesis [Garner, J.P., 1999. The aetiology of stereotypy in caged animals. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Oxford, UK] proposes them to be symptoms of altered behavioural organisation...

  14. Comparison between 28 zoological parks: stereotypic and social behaviours of captive brown bears ( Ursus arctos )

    Contributor(s):: Montaudouin, S., Pape, G. le

    In the present study we compared 33 enclosures in 28 parks, with a total of 66 bears. We chose direct observation of behaviour rather than surveys. Each enclosure was observed during one day; stereotypies and social relationships were qualitatively noted in types and amount. The connections of...

  15. Evaluation of different observational sampling regimes for use in zoological parks

    | Contributor(s):: Margulis, S. W., Westhus, E. J.

    Observational sampling methods provide clearly-defined guidelines for collection and analysis of behavioral data. In some situations, use of formal sampling regimes may be impractical or impossible. A case in point is data collection conducted by animal care staff at zoological parks and aquaria....

  16. Symbolic animals and the developing self

    | Contributor(s):: Myers, G.

    This study examined developmental changes in animal symbols of the self, as revealed by identification with six animals (lion, eagle, bear, rabbit, lamb and cow) by children aged from 4 to 5 years (n=10), 10 to 11 years (n=9), and 17 to 18 years (n=10). Overall, the eagle, rabbit and lion...

  17. Compromised health and welfare of bears farmed for bile in China

    | Contributor(s):: Loeffler, I. K., Robinson, J., Cochrane, G.

    The practice of farming bears for bile extraction is legal in China and involves an estimated 10,000 to 12,000 animals, primarily Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus). This study outlines the compromises to health and welfare suffered by bears on bile farms and is based on the results of visits...

  18. Cross-institutional assessment of stress responses in zoo animals using longitudinal monitoring of faecal corticoids and behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Shepherdson, D. J., Carlstead, K. C., Wielebnowski, N.

    Cross-institutional studies that combine non-invasive physiological measures of stress responses and the assessment of individual differences in behaviour and temperament have great potential as tools for assessing the well-being of zoo animals and for identifying key environmental stimuli...

  19. Pacing polar bears and stoical sheep: testing ecological and evolutionary hypotheses about animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Clubb, R., Mason, G.

    Responses to potential threats to welfare vary greatly between species. Even closely related animals often differ in their fear of humans and/or novelty; their behavioural responses to pain; and when captive, their overall welfare and the form and frequency of their stereotypies. Such species...

  20. Un ours bien léché: le thème de l'ours chez Hildegarde de Bingen

    | Contributor(s):: Klein, Elisabeth