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  1. Assessing inactivity in zoo gorillas using keeper ratings and behavioral data

    Contributor(s):: Less, Elena Hoellein, Kuhar, Christopher W., Dennis, Patricia M., Lukas, Kristen E.

    One way to address the problem of small sample size in zoo research is to conduct a study involving multiple institutions. However, when conducting behavioral research, it can be difficult for one investigator to travel to each institution or for staff at individual institutions to find time to...

  2. Training the guide dog: An untapped opportunity for the behavior analyst

    Contributor(s):: Funk, Janie A., Williams, W. Larry

  3. Dogs’ responses to visual, auditory, and olfactory cat-related cues

    Contributor(s):: Hoffman, Christy L., Workman, Miranda K., Roberts, Natalie, Handley, Stephanie

    Standardized assessments have been developed to assess dogs’ behaviors around other dogs, but there currently is no validated way to predict how a dog in an animal shelter will behave around cats, unless the dog’s previous history is known. This study explored dogs’ responses to visual, auditory,...

  4. A cross-species comparison of abnormal behavior in three species of singly-housed old world monkeys

    Contributor(s):: Lutz, Corrine K.

    Abnormal behavior occurs in a number of captive nonhuman primate species and is often used as an indicator of welfare. However, reported levels of abnormal behavior often vary across species, making general welfare judgments difficult. The purpose of this study was to assess differences in levels...

  5. The Other Animal of Transplant's Future

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sharp, L. A.

    As an anthropologist, I have long been interested in highly experimental science, with my work engaging the moral underpinnings of xenoscience and, more recently, lab animal research. The possibility of employing animals as human “matches” sparks enthusiastic responses among...

  6. Identification of QTLs for behavioral reactivity to social separation and humans in sheep using the OvineSNP50 BeadChip

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dominique Hazard, Carole Moreno, Didier Foulquié, Eric Delval, Dominique François, Jacques Bouix, Guillaume Sallé, Alain Boissy

    Background Current trends in sheep farming practices rely on animals with a greater level of behavioral autonomy than before, a phenotype that actively contributes to the sustainability of animal production. Social reactivity and reactivity to humans are relevant behavioral traits in sheep,...

  7. Veterans transitioning from isolation to integration: a look at veteran/service dog partnerships

    | Contributor(s):: Crowe, T. K., Sanchez, V., Howard, A., Western, B., Barger, S.

  8. Defining and Clarifying the Terms Canine Possessive Aggression and Resource Guarding: A Study of Expert Opinion

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jacquelyn A. Jacobs, Jason B. Coe, Tina M. Widowski, David L. Pearl, Lee Niel

    The terms possessive aggression and resource guarding are often used interchangeably to describe behavior patterns used by a dog to control primary access to a perceived valuable item. The use of inconsistent terminology may impact the effectiveness of communication between...

  9. Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom

    Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...

  10. Children's Perceptions of Friendliness Based on Physical Appearance in Humans and Canines

    | Contributor(s):: Elizabeth B. Seagroves

    Physical appearance serves as a window to one's character. More specifically, faces give us clues to an individual's emotional state, personality, and behavior. The present study aims to draw parallels between what existing literature reveals about the physical characteristics humans use...

  11. Dog as a typical predator which communicates with manPies jako typowy drapieznik komunikujacy sie z czlowiekiem

    | Contributor(s):: Kamieniak, J., Mazurkiewicz, T., Tietze, M.

    This article aims at the presentation of a complex process of making ties between the dog and the man, that started from the domestication of a dog and was followed by the thousands years of co-evolution. Here, we were discussing the process of forming relationships between the dog and the man up...

  12. Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior

    | Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.

    Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...

  13. Communicating with pet owners about obesity: roles of the veterinary health care team

    | Contributor(s):: Churchill, J., Ward, E.

    Obesity continues to be the most prevalent nutritional problem of dogs and cats as well as one of the most frustrating conditions to treat successfully. Educating and assigning roles to all members of the health care team will improve staff engagement and the consistency and effectiveness of...

  14. Post-communist canine: a feminist approach to women and dogs in canine performance sports in Poland

    | Contributor(s):: Wlodarczyk, J.

    The article attempts to present the complexity of relationships between women, capitalism, democracy, and competitive dog training in post-communist Poland. The article documents the correlation between increased involvement of women in competitive canine sports in Poland after 1989, changes in...

  15. Assessing the dog: a theoretical analysis of the companion animal's actions in human-animal interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Vitztum, C., Urbanik, J.

    Companion animals are proposed as valuable assets in human-animal interaction (HAI) for human-health interventions. The benefit of a HAI is presumably based on the interaction between the two species. Although the actions and reactions of the human are routinely evaluated, nominal consideration...

  16. Caregiver/orangutan relationships at Auckland Zoo: empathy, friendship, and ethics between species

    | Contributor(s):: Palmer, A., Malone, N., Park, J.

    Drawing on ethnographic, ethological, and historical data, we examined the relationships between orangutans and caregivers at Auckland Zoo. Caregivers displayed high levels of empathy and adjusted their husbandry routines to their interpretations of the orangutans' moods. Caregivers experienced...

  17. Human-animal studies, G.H. Mead, and the question of animal minds

    | Contributor(s):: Gallagher, T. J.

    In the field of human-animal studies (HAS), also known as anthrozoology, the question of nonhuman animal minds is central. During the first three decades of the 20th century, the social psychological G.H. Mead was among the first to take an explicitly contemporary approach to the question of mind...

  18. The place of the dog in the family: a comparative case study of dog adoption

    | Contributor(s):: Garcia, A. C.

    This paper explores how perspectives on the appropriate place of the dog in the family shape the practice and experience of dog adoption. This research is based on a comparative case study of a traditional shelter and an independent animal rescue organization. The data were collected through...

  19. Humanization of the companion animal - human relationship

    | Contributor(s):: Fox, R., Gee, N. R.

    This paper explores the changing nature of companion animal-human relationships in Britain over the past 30 years. This period has seen rapid change in attitudes and practices towards companion animals, with notable advances in medical treatment, nutrition, and understanding of non-human animal...

  20. Human-animal interaction: productive impact on the dairy herd. CommunicationInteraccion humano-animal: impacto productivo en rodeos lecheros. Comunicacion

    | Contributor(s):: Martinez, G. M., Suarez, V. H., Bertoni, E. A.