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  1. Incidence and impact of dog attacks on guide dogs in the UK: an update

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Moxon, R., Whiteside, H., England, G. C. W.

    Data on dog attacks on Guide Dogs' stock were reviewed to investigate the characteristics of the attacks. An average of 11.2 attacks occurred each month. Nearly all of the attacks occurred in public areas, 68.4 per cent of victim dogs were qualified guide dogs and 55.5 per cent of victim...

  2. Test-retest reliability and predictive validity of a juvenile guide dog behavior test

    | Contributor(s):: Harvey, N. D., Craigon, P. J., Sommerville, R., McMillan, C., Green, M., England, G. C. W., Asher, L.

    The ability to measure stable and consistent behavioral traits in dogs would facilitate selection and assessment of working dogs, such as guide dogs. Ideally, these measures should predict suitability for the working role from a young age. This study assessed test-retest reliability of a juvenile...

  3. Aspects of juvenile and adolescent environment predict aggression and fear in 12-month-old guide dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Serpell, J. A., Duffy, D. L.

    Maturational changes in behavior, and the possible influence of the puppy-raising environment on behavioral development, were investigated in a total sample of 978 prospective guide dogs belonging to four different breeds/crosses. All dogs belonged to the same guide dog organization, and had...

  4. The cohabitation of humans and urban cats in the anthropocene: the clash of welfare concepts

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jaros, F.

    Urban environments are inhabited by several types of feline populations, which we can differentiate as feral cats, free-roaming pets, and confined pets. Due to a shift in the cultural representation of cats from pest controllers to companion animals, cats living semi-independently of humans are...

  5. Locking down the impact of New Zealand's COVID-19 alert level changes on pets

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Esam, F., Forrest, R., Waran, N.

    The influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on human-pet interactions within New Zealand, particularly during lockdown, was investigated via two national surveys. In Survey 1, pet owners (n = 686) responded during the final week of the five-week Alert Level 4 lockdown (highest level of restrictions -...

  6. A conceptual model of the human-animal relationships dynamics during newborn handling on cow-calf operation farms

    | Contributor(s):: Costa, F. de O., Valente, T. S., Toledo, L. M. de, Ambrosio, L. A., Campo, M. del, Costa, M. J. R. P. da

  7. Risk factors for aggression in adult cats that were fostered through a shelter program as kittens

    | Contributor(s):: O'Hanley, K. A., Pearl, D. L., Niel, L.

  8. A novel accelerometry approach combining information on classified behaviors and quantified physical activity for assessing health status of cattle: a preliminary study

    | Contributor(s):: Uenishi, Shogo, Oishi, Kazato, Kojima, Tomoki, Kitajima, Kaho, Yasunaka, Yudai, Sakai, Koki, Sonoda, Yuta, Kumagai, Hajime, Hirooka, Hiroyuki

    2021Applied Animal Behaviour Science2351052200168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2021.105220text

  9. Evaluating stress in riding horses: part one - behavior assessment and serum cortisol

    | Contributor(s):: Hovey, M. R., Davis, A., Chen, S., Godwin, P., Porr, C. A. S.

  10. Assessing inactivity in zoo gorillas using keeper ratings and behavioral data

    | Contributor(s):: Less, Elena Hoellein, Kuhar, Christopher W., Dennis, Patricia M., Lukas, Kristen E.

    One way to address the problem of small sample size in zoo research is to conduct a study involving multiple institutions. However, when conducting behavioral research, it can be difficult for one investigator to travel to each institution or for staff at individual institutions to find time to...

  11. Training the guide dog: An untapped opportunity for the behavior analyst

    | Contributor(s):: Funk, Janie A., Williams, W. Larry

  12. Classification of ingestive-related cow behaviours using RumiWatch halter and neck-mounted accelerometers

    | Contributor(s):: Benaissa, Said, Tuyttens, Frank A. M., Plets, David, Cattrysse, Hannes, Martens, Luc, Vandaele, Leen, Joseph, Wout, Sonck, Bart

    A new simple decision-tree (DT) algorithm was developed using the data from a neck-mounted accelerometer for real-time classification of feeding and ruminating behaviours of dairy cows. The performance of the DT was compared to that of a support vector machine (SVM) algorithm and a RumiWatch...

  13. Dogs’ responses to visual, auditory, and olfactory cat-related cues

    | Contributor(s):: Hoffman, Christy L., Workman, Miranda K., Roberts, Natalie, Handley, Stephanie

    Standardized assessments have been developed to assess dogs’ behaviors around other dogs, but there currently is no validated way to predict how a dog in an animal shelter will behave around cats, unless the dog’s previous history is known. This study explored dogs’ responses to visual, auditory,...

  14. A cross-species comparison of abnormal behavior in three species of singly-housed old world monkeys

    | Contributor(s):: Lutz, Corrine K.

    Abnormal behavior occurs in a number of captive nonhuman primate species and is often used as an indicator of welfare. However, reported levels of abnormal behavior often vary across species, making general welfare judgments difficult. The purpose of this study was to assess differences in levels...

  15. The Other Animal of Transplant's Future

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sharp, L. A.

    As an anthropologist, I have long been interested in highly experimental science, with my work engaging the moral underpinnings of xenoscience and, more recently, lab animal research. The possibility of employing animals as human “matches” sparks enthusiastic responses among...

  16. Identification of QTLs for behavioral reactivity to social separation and humans in sheep using the OvineSNP50 BeadChip

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dominique Hazard, Carole Moreno, Didier Foulquié, Eric Delval, Dominique François, Jacques Bouix, Guillaume Sallé, Alain Boissy

    Background Current trends in sheep farming practices rely on animals with a greater level of behavioral autonomy than before, a phenotype that actively contributes to the sustainability of animal production. Social reactivity and reactivity to humans are relevant behavioral traits in sheep,...

  17. Veterans transitioning from isolation to integration: a look at veteran/service dog partnerships

    | Contributor(s):: Crowe, T. K., Sanchez, V., Howard, A., Western, B., Barger, S.

  18. Defining and Clarifying the Terms Canine Possessive Aggression and Resource Guarding: A Study of Expert Opinion

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jacquelyn A. Jacobs, Jason B. Coe, Tina M. Widowski, David L. Pearl, Lee Niel

    The terms possessive aggression and resource guarding are often used interchangeably to describe behavior patterns used by a dog to control primary access to a perceived valuable item. The use of inconsistent terminology may impact the effectiveness of communication between...

  19. Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom

    Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...

  20. Children's Perceptions of Friendliness Based on Physical Appearance in Humans and Canines

    | Contributor(s):: Elizabeth B. Seagroves

    Physical appearance serves as a window to one's character. More specifically, faces give us clues to an individual's emotional state, personality, and behavior. The present study aims to draw parallels between what existing literature reveals about the physical characteristics humans use...