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  1. Behavioural reactivity of two lines of South African Merino sheep divergently selected for reproductive potential

    Contributor(s):: Bonato, Maud, Cloete, J. J. E., Kruger, A. C. M., Cloete, Schalk W. P.

  2. Qualitative behavioural assessment of pain in castrated lambs

    Contributor(s):: Masłowska, Katarzyna, Mizzoni, Fabiana, Dwyer, Cathy M., Wemelsfelder, Francoise

    This study investigates for the first time the application of Qualitative Behavioural Assessment (QBA) to the analysis of acute pain expression in castrated lambs. Eighty 2-day-old male lambs were allocated to one of 4 groups (n = 20 per treatment): handled only (control, C), rubber ring...

  3. Using qualitative behaviour assessment to explore the link between stockperson behaviour and dairy calf behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Ellingsen, Kristian, Coleman, Grahame J., Lund, Vonne, Mejdell, Cecilie M.

    Dairy farming usually implies close and frequent contact between the stockperson and the animals. A good human–animal relationship (HAR) is therefore essential for good animal welfare. To fully understand the quality of the HAR both the stockperson behaviour and the animals’ reaction to the...

  4. Socialising piglets in lactation positively affects their post-weaning behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Morgan, Talia, Pluske, John, Miller, David, Collins, Teresa, Barnes, Anne L., Wemelsfelder, Françoise, Fleming, Patricia A.

    Although commercial farrowing sheds keep individual litters separated, previous studies have suggested that housing systems that allow socialisation of piglets pre-weaning can reduce aggression after weaning. This study tested whether pigs socialised with non-litter mates pre-weaning would show...

  5. Reliability and validity of a questionnaire survey in canine anxiety research

    Contributor(s):: Tiira, Katriina, Lohi, Hannes

    Canine behavior can be assessed through behavioral testing or questionnaire surveys. Behavioral tests, often observed by independent experts, can provide objective data, but capture only a short behavioral sequence in a defined situation and are practical only for small study cohorts....

  6. Inter-observer reliability of Qualitative Behavioural Assessments of sheep

    Contributor(s):: Phythian, Clare, Michalopoulou, Eleni, Duncan, Jennifer, Wemelsfelder, Françoise

    Qualitative Behaviour Assessment (QBA) is whole-animal methodology that assesses the expressive qualities of animal demeanour using descriptors such as ‘relaxed’, ‘anxious’ or ‘content’. This study aimed to examine the inter-observer reliability of 12 fixed-list QBA descriptors for sheep that had...

  7. Human–dog interactions and behavioural responses of village dogs in coastal villages in Michoacán, Mexico

    Contributor(s):: Ruiz-Izaguirre, Eliza, Eilers, Karen H. A. M., Bokkers, Eddie A. M., Ortolani, Alessia, Ortega-Pacheco, Antonio, de Boer, Imke J. M.

    In Mexican villages, most households keep dogs that roam freely. Therefore, socialisation of village dogs occurs in a different context than that of companion dogs in developed countries. The objectives of this study were: (1) to assess village dogs’ behavioural responses towards familiar and...

  8. Behavioral reactions relate to adrenal activity and temperament in male clouded leopards (Neofelis nebulosa)

    Contributor(s):: DeCaluwe, Heather B., Wielebnowski, Nadja C., Howard, JoGayle, Pelican, Katharine M., Ottinger, Mary Ann

    Due to strong intra-specific aggression and frequent adverse reactions to changes encountered in the captive setting, clouded leopards (Neofelis nebulosa) are particularly difficult to manage as a self-sustaining population in zoos. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of behavioral...

  9. Reactivity to humans and fearfulness tests: Field validation in Polish Cold Blood Horses

    Contributor(s):: Górecka-Bruzda, Aleksandra, Jastrzębska, Ewa, Sosnowska, Zofia, Jaworski, Zbigniew, Jezierski, Tadeusz, Chruszczewski, Michał H.

    The aim of the present paper was to examine in field conditions the feasibility of the experimentally developed behavioural tests for assessment of two temperamental traits of cold blood horses: fearfulness and reactivity to humans. The predictive, convergent and discriminant validity of the...

  10. Qualitative Behavioural Assessment of emotionality in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Rutherford, Kenneth M. D., Donald, Ramona D., Lawrence, Alistair B., Wemelsfelder, Françoise

    Scientific assessment of affective states in animals is challenging but vital for animal welfare studies. One possible approach is Qualitative Behavioural Assessment (QBA), a ‘whole animal’ methodology which integrates information from multiple behavioural signals and styles of behavioural...

  11. Qualitative behaviour assessment of dairy buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis)

    Contributor(s):: Napolitano, Fabio, De Rosa, Giuseppe, Grasso, Fernando, Wemelsfelder, Françoise

    This study applies qualitative behaviour assessment (QBA) for the first time to dairy buffaloes, using three groups of observers with different cultural backgrounds and different levels of experience in animal behaviour observation and buffalo farming. Eight buffalo heifers aged 16–18 months were...

  12. Measures of behavioural reactivity and their relationships with production traits in sheep: A review

    Contributor(s):: Dodd, Cathy L., Pitchford, Wayne S., Hocking Edwards, Janelle E., Hazel, Susan J.

    This paper defines the concept of temperament and discusses the use of behavioural reactivity testing in sheep. The range of behavioural tests used in sheep are categorised and the aspects of behaviour reflected by each type of test discussed. The activation of nervous and endocrine pathways is...

  13. Estimation of genetic parameters for behavior based on results of German Shepherd Dogs in Switzerland

    Contributor(s):: Meyer, Franziska, Schawalder, Peter, Gaillard, Claude, Dolf, Gaudenz

    The objective of this study was to estimate heritabilities and correlations of seven behavioral traits in German Shepherd Dogs in Switzerland as well as breeding values for this population. Data from 4855 animals having taken the standardized behavior test of the German Shepherd Dog Club of...

  14. The effect of maternal care and infrared beak trimming on development, performance and behavior of Silver Nick hens

    Contributor(s):: Angevaare, Milou J., Prins, Sander, van der Staay, Franz Josef, Nordquist, Rebecca E.

    In the commercial poultry industry, feather pecking leads to damage to the chickens and an increased mortality rate. The effects of two (possible) feather pecking prevention methods, infrared trimming and maternal care, on production parameters, fear, sociality, learning, feeding behavior, and...

  15. Are there differences between behavioral measurement methods? A comparison of the predictive validity of two ratings methods in a working dog program

    Contributor(s):: Wilsson, Erik, Sinn, David L.

    Consistent behavioral variation within and between individuals is ubiquitous in all working dog populations. Most working dog programs have recognized this fact, and have subsequently attempted to quantify behavior through the use of standardized tests. Standardized tests may employ several...

  16. Reliability of different behavioural tests for growing pigs on-farm

    Contributor(s):: Czycholl, Irena, Menke, Stina, Straßburg, Carolin, Krieter, Joachim

  17. Multi-Operator Qualitative Behavioural Assessment for dogs entering the shelter

    Contributor(s):: Menchetti, Laura, Righi, Cecilia, Guelfi, Gabriella, Enas, Claudia, Moscati, Livia, Mancini, Stefania, Diverio, Silvana

    This study aimed to develop and validate a fast and straightforward welfare assessment system to help shelter staff in decision-making processes. For newly captured dogs entering the shelter, the animal control officer (at capture time) and the veterinary officer (at entrance examination)...

  18. Reliability of different behavioural tests for growing pigs on-farm

    Contributor(s):: Czycholl, Irena, Menke, Stina, Straßburg, Carolin, Krieter, Joachim

    Behavioural tests might have the potential to evaluate certain aspects of welfare such as emotional state or the human-animal relationship. However, reliability assessments of these tests are rare. Therefore, in this study, different behavioural tests for growing pigs were assessed regarding...

  19. Associations between qualitative behaviour assessments and measures of leg health, fear and mortality in Norwegian broiler chicken flocks

    Contributor(s):: Muri, Karianne, Stubsjøen, Solveig Marie, Vasdal, Guro, Moe, Randi Oppermann, Granquist, Erik Georg

    Qualitative behavioural assessments (QBA) is an animal-based welfare measure that has been included in several on-farm welfare assessment protocols, including the Welfare Quality® (WQ) protocol for poultry. However, there is a scarcity of information about how it relates to other animal-based...

  20. Qualitative Behaviour Assessment of horses exposed to short-term emotional treatments

    Contributor(s):: Hintze, Sara, Murphy, Eimear, Bachmann, Iris, Wemelsfelder, Francoise, Würbel, Hanno

    Assessing emotion in animals is fundamental to the study of animal welfare with methodologies for reliable and valid assessments being highly desirable. Qualitative Behaviour Assessment (QBA) is based on the assumption that human observers are capable of integrating details of animals’...