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Tags: Behavior and behavior mechanisms

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  1. Therapy Dogs' and Handlers' Behavior and Salivary Cortisol During Initial Visits in a Complex Medical Institution: A Pilot Study

    Contributor(s):: Clark, S. D., Smidt, J. M., Bauer, B. A.

  2. Parallels in the interactive effect of highly sensitive personality and social factors on behaviour problems in dogs and humans

    Contributor(s):: Bräm Dubé, M., Asher, L., Würbel, H., Riemer, S., Melotti, L.

  3. Human Behaviour Change Interventions in Animal Care and Interactive Settings: A Review and Framework for Design and Evaluation

    Contributor(s):: Glanville, C., Abraham, C., Coleman, G.

  4. Dog Welfare, Well-Being and Behavior: Considerations for Selection, Evaluation and Suitability for Animal-Assisted Therapy

    Contributor(s):: Winkle, M., Johnson, A., Mills, D.

  5. Assessment of dental anxiety in children between 5 and 10 years of age in the presence of a therapy dog: a randomized controlled clinical study

    Contributor(s):: Thakkar, T. K., Naik, S. N., Dixit, U. B.

  6. The State of Assessment in Human-Animal Interaction Research

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s):: Kerri E. Rodriguez, NoÈmie A. GuÈrin, Robin L. Gabriels, James A. Serpell, Pamela J. Schreiner, Marguerite E. O'Haire

    There is a growing body of research in human-animal interaction (HAI), but the field is often criticized for its lack of methodological rigor and heterogeneous outcome assessment. In addition, there is a scarcity of valid and reliable assessment tools specific to measuring constructs directly...

  7. Horses associate individual human voices with the valence of past interactions: a behavioural and electrophysiological study

    Contributor(s):: d'Ingeo, S., Quaranta, A., Siniscalchi, M., Stomp, M., Coste, C., Bagnard, C., Hausberger, M., Cousillas, H.

  8. Assessment of emotional predisposition in dogs using PANAS (Positive and Negative Activation Scale) and associated relationships in a sample of dogs from Brazil

    Contributor(s):: Savalli, C., Albuquerque, N., Vasconcellos, A. S., Ramos, D., de Mello, F. T., Mills, D. S.

  9. Dog cognitive development: a longitudinal study across the first 2 years of life

    Contributor(s):: Bray, E. E., Gruen, M. E., Gnanadesikan, G. E., Horschler, D. J., Levy, K. M., Kennedy, B. S., Hare, B. A., MacLean, E. L.

  10. Changes in behavioural synchrony during dog-assisted therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder and children with Down syndrome

    Contributor(s):: Griffioen, R. E., van der Steen, S., Verheggen, T., Enders-Slegers, M. J., Cox, R.

  11. Dogs and Their Owners Have Frequent and Intensive Contact

    Contributor(s):: Joosten, P., Van Cleven, A., Sarrazin, S., Paepe, D., De Sutter, A., Dewulf, J.

  12. Prevalence, comorbidity, and breed differences in canine anxiety in 13,700 Finnish pet dogs

    Contributor(s):: Salonen, M., Sulkama, S., Mikkola, S., Puurunen, J., Hakanen, E., Tiira, K., Araujo, C., Lohi, H.

  13. Does training style affect the human-horse relationship? Asking the horse in a separation–reunion experiment with the owner and a stranger

    Contributor(s):: Lundberg, Paulina, Hartmann, Elke, Roth, Lina S. V.

    Humans have shared a long history with horses and today we mainly consider horses as companions for sports and leisure activities. Previously, the human perspective of the human-horse relationship has been investigated but there has been little focus on the horse’s perspective. This study aimed...

  14. Behavioural responses of two breeds of domestic chicks to feed and alarm call playback

    Contributor(s):: Iyasere, Oluwaseun S., Durosaro, Samuel O., Oke, Oyegunle E., Omotosho, Tolulope F., Salako, Mojisola A., Oyeniran, Victor J., Oyetunji, Damilola E., Daramola, James O.

    The aim of this study was to determine breed differences in the behavioural responses of two domestic chicks to feed and alarm playback calls. Thirty two (32) each of Nigerian indigenous chicks (NIC) and commercial broiler chicks (CBC) of the same age group (a day old) were divided into four...

  15. The effect of two different farrowing systems on sow behaviour, and piglet behaviour, mortality and growth

    Contributor(s):: Loftus, Loni, Bell, Grace, Padmore, Emily, Atkinson, Samantha, Henworth, Andrew, Hoyle, Mark

    Farrowing crates have traditionally been used to reduce occurrence of piglet mortality as a result of sow crushing. However the utilisation of traditional farrowing crates has been suggested to contribute to negative welfare for both the sow and piglets. This study compared mortality rates,...

  16. Effects of access to hay on cognition of pre-weaned dairy calves and behavior upon social grouping after weaning

    Contributor(s):: Horvath, Kelsey C., Gingerich, Katie N., Hixson, Catherine L., Miller-Cushon, Emily K.

    Individually housed dairy calves typically have restrictive environments which could lead to detrimental effects on cognition. We hypothesized that providing calves with hay prior to weaning, in addition to a standard starter diet and milk, would improve cognitive ability and influence adaptation...

  17. Handling and moving cull sows upon arrival at the slaughterhouse—Effects of small versus larger groups of sows

    Contributor(s):: Herskin, Mette S., Christensen, Sanne W., Rousing, Tine

    In modern pig production up to 50 % of the sows are slaughtered each year. So far, only few studies have focused on how sows are handled and moved within slaughterhouses. We examined effects of group size on the behaviour of sows and the ease of moving them from the entrance of a slaughterhouse...

  18. Comparative assessment of general behaviour and fear-related responses in hatchery-hatched and on-farm hatched broiler chickens

    Contributor(s):: Giersberg, Mona F., Poolen, Ilse, de Baere, Kris, Gunnink, Henk, van Hattum, Theo, van Riel, Johan W., de Jong, Ingrid C.

    Traditionally, broiler chickens hatch in the hatchery and they are usually not provided with feed and water until placement at the farm. This can have negative effects on their health and welfare. Therefore, alternative systems providing early nutrition, for instance by hatching eggs in a poultry...

  19. Effects of grazing muzzles on behavior, voluntary exercise, and physiological stress of miniature horses housed in a herd

    Contributor(s):: Davis, Kristina M., Iwaniuk, Marie E., Dennis, Rachel L., Harris, Patricia A., Burk, Amy O.

    Grazing muzzles are a popular and effective management tool used to help prevent weight gain in obese-prone equids. Concerns have been raised over their possible negative impact on horse well-being as muzzles may interfere with normal grazing and social behaviors. The objective of this study was...

  20. Development and consistency of fearfulness in horses from foal to adult

    Contributor(s):: Christensen, Janne Winther, Beblein, Carina, Malmkvist, Jens

    Understanding the development and consistency of behavioural responses across life stages is of both fundamental and applied interest. In horses, fearfulness is particularly important because fear reactions are a major cause of human-horse accidents, and because fear is a negative emotional state...