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Tags: Behavior and behavior mechanisms + Social psychology and social anthropology

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  1. "Who's been a good dog?" - Owner perceptions and motivations for treat giving

    Contributor(s):: White, G. A., Ward, L., Pink, C., Craigon, J., Millar, K. M.

    Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year...

  2. A model of stockperson-animal interactions and their implications for livestock

    Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Coleman, G. J.

    This chapter presents a model of human-animal interactions in livestock production based on the factors involved in the relationship between stockperson and farm animal variables, including the influence of stockperson attitudes on his/her behaviour and of stockperson behaviour on animal...

  3. A pilot study on assessment of dog owners' attitude towards their dogs

    Contributor(s):: Salgrl, Y., Emre, B., Besgul, K., Ozturk, H., Sagmanlgl, V.

    It is known that having both theoretical and practical knowledge about main and further needs and training of dogs as well as communication with them have critical importance for dog owners in order to maintain a good dog-human relationship. In Turkey, dogs have taken the lead in pet population...

  4. A social contract for biotechnology: shared visions for risky technologies? (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Bruce, D. M.

    Future technological developments concerning food, agriculture, and the environment face the conflict of social legitimation from a skeptical public and media, in the wake of the crises of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, genetic modified (GM) food, and foot and mouth disease in the UK. Key...

  5. Allogrooming in cattle: relationships between social preferences, feeding displacements and social dominance

    | Contributor(s):: Val-Laillet, D., Guesdon, V., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Passille, A. M. de, Rushen, J.

    The aim of this study was to describe the allogrooming behaviour of group-housed lactating cows (Bos taurus) as it relates to social dominance, friendship, parity and level of feeding competition. We measured the socio-negative (displacements at the feeder and in the lying stalls) and...

  6. Animal pleasure and its moral significance. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)

    | Contributor(s):: Balcombe, J.

    This paper presents arguments for, and evidence in support of, the important role of pleasure in animals' lives, and outlines its considerable significance to humankind's relationship to other animals. In the realms of animal sentience, almost all scholarly discussion revolves around its negative...

  7. Animal welfare issues on the use of rabbits in an animal assisted therapy programme for children

    | Contributor(s):: Loukaki, K., Koukoutsakis, P., Kostomitsopoulos, N.

    Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) is a method of complementary treatment in the rehabilitation of many human illnesses and conditions. Although the dog is the most widely used therapy animal that is used in AAT programmes, the rabbit can also be used as an alternative animal species and complementary...

  8. Animal welfare: should we change housing to better accommodate the animal or change the animal to accommodate the housing?

    | Contributor(s):: Cheng, Heng-Wei

    Animal welfare (well-being) can be generally defined as 'a state of harmony between the animal and its environment, characterized by optimal physical, behavioural and psychological functioning and high quality of the animal's life'. Since its inception in the early nineteenth century, through...

  9. Animals and the limits of ethnography

    | Contributor(s):: Madden, R.

    Is ethnography (as constituted in the social sciences) a reliable method with which to understand interspecies intersubjectivity? Can a method that has become a cornerstone approach to a qualitative understanding of humans for more than a century interrogate the social ties between humans and...

  10. Anthroposophical aspects of veterinary medicine in cats and dogs - Part II

    | Contributor(s):: Loeffler, T., Lorenz, S., Spranger, J.

    Several aspects of anthroposophical veterinary medicine have already been tackled in past issues of ZGTM. From the point of view of the relationship between the different kingdoms of nature, species specific preparations and therapies are developed. The methods employed in anthroposophical...

  11. Associations between human-animal relationship quality, dispositional empathy, and prosocial behavior

    | Contributor(s):: Desmond, Frederic Fairfield

  12. Associative learning by cattle to enable effective and ethical virtual fences

    | Contributor(s):: Lee, C., Henshall, J. M., Wark, T. J., Crossman, C. C., Reed, M. T., Brewer, H. G., O'Grady, J., Fisher, A. D.

    An ability of cattle to readily associate a non-aversive audio cue (conditioned stimulus) with an aversive but non-noxious electric shock (unconditioned stimulus) should enable virtual fences to control cattle in an ethical manner similar to conventional electric fencing. The first study was...

  13. Attitudes of stockpeople

    | Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Coleman, G. J.

    The human characteristics that determine stockperson behaviour, the use of a theoretical framework to consider the development and maintenance of attitudes and how these attitudes can be used to predict human behaviour are discussed.

  14. Attitudes toward companion animals among Hispanic residents of a Texas border community

    | Contributor(s):: Poss, J. E., Bader, J. O.

    The researchers surveyed 206 residents of a Hispanic community on the Texas-Mexico border about their behaviors and attitudes toward companion animals. Selected members of the community administered a telephone survey to a systematic random sample of 206 individuals. The majority of participants...

  15. Behavior questions and answers

    | Contributor(s):: Horwitz, D. F.

  16. Behavioral and self-report measures influencing children's reported attachment to their dog

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hall, N. J., Liu, JingWen, Kertes, D., Wynne, C. D. L.

    Despite the prevalence of dogs as family pets and increased scientific interest in canine behavior, few studies have investigated characteristics of the child or dog that influence the child-dog relationship. In the present study, we explored how behavioral and some self-report measures...

  17. Bio├ętica, un reclamo coherente para el bienestar animal

    | Contributor(s):: Perez Garcia, L., Ribot Guzman, E., Joa Rodriguez, R., Romero Hernandez, Y.

    Independently of the work of environmental education that is carried out in the country, in the past few years, in a part of the sectors of the younger population's, has raised up the interest for the fights of dogs and of roosters, among other practices that affect the animal well-being. How...

  18. Can natural behavior be cultivated? The farm as local human/animal culture

    | Contributor(s):: Segerdahl, P.

    Although the notion of natural behaviour occurs in many policy-making and legal documents on animal welfare, no consensus has been reached concerning its definition. This paper argues that one reason why the notion resists unanimously accepted definition is that natural behaviour is not properly...

  19. Changing stockperson attitudes and behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Coleman, G. J.

    The principles underlying stockperson attitude and behavioural change and the results of research on the effects of behaviour modification/change on livestock production and welfare are presented.

  20. Characterization of interaction between owner and dog treated at the veterinary hospital of Federal University of Uberlandia

    | Contributor(s):: Santana, J. A., Castro, I. P. de, Almeida, L. P. de

    Increasing urbanization has increased the proximity of people with dogs. An inappropriate interaction between them can be the cause of several behavioral disorders such as aggression and depression by both the man and the animal. Thus, we proposed to conduct a survey to assess the management and...