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  1. The Effect of Extensive Human Presence at an Early Age on Stress Responses and Reactivity of Juvenile Ostriches towards Humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pfunzo T. Muvhali, Maud Bonato, Anel Engelbrecht, Irek A. Malecki, Denise Hough, Jane E. Robinson, Neil P. Evans, Schalk W. P. Cloete

    The effect of extensive human presence and regular gentle handling performed at an early age (0–3 months old) on stress responses and reactivity of juvenile ostriches towards humans was investigated. A total of 416 ostrich chicks over two years were exposed to one of three treatments for...

  2. You Are Not My Handler! Impact of Changing Handlers on Dogs' Behaviours and Detection Performance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: La Toya J. Jamieson, Greg S. Baxter, Peter J. Murray

    Dog-handler relationships can directly impact team success. Changing a dog’s handler may therefore compromise detection performance. However, there are currently few studies which support this. This research explored the performance and behavioural impact of changing a dog’s...

  3. Influence of the Competition Context on Arousal in Agility Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Carpenter, Alison M., Guy, Jonathan H., Leach, Matthew C.

    To determine whether participation in dog agility has an impact on canine arousal and welfare, this study aimed firstly to identify the effect of the competition context on arousal changes experienced by dogs, as distinct from purely physical participation in agility, and secondly to assess the...

  4. Development and Validation of Broiler Welfare Assessment Methods for Research and On-farm Audits

    | Contributor(s):: Meyer, Meaghan M., Johnson, Anna K., Bobeck, Elizabeth A.

    Required auditing of on-farm broiler welfare in the United States has increased; however, a lack of validated tools exists for assessment of enrichment. National Chicken Council (NCC) guidelines were used on a subset of 300 Ross 308 broilers out of 1200 to validate and adapt welfare measures....

  5. Cognitive characteristics of 8- to 10-week-old assistance dog puppies

    | Contributor(s):: Bray, E. E., Gruen, M. E., Gnanadesikan, G. E., Horschler, D. J., Levy, K. M., Kennedy, B. S., Hare, B. A., MacLean, E. L.

  6. Changing Human Behavior to Improve Animal Welfare: A Longitudinal Investigation of Training Laboratory Animal Personnel about Heterospecific Play or "Rat Tickling"

    | Contributor(s):: LaFollette, M. R., Cloutier, S., Brady, C. M., O'Haire, M. E., Gaskill, B. N.

  7. The influence of human interaction on guinea pigs: Behavioral and thermographic changes during animal-assisted therapy

    | Contributor(s):: Wirth, S., Gebhardt-Henrich, S. G., Riemer, S., Hattendorf, J., Zinsstag, J., Hediger, K.

  8. Validation of accelerometers to automatically record postures and number of steps in growing lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Högberg, Niclas, Höglund, Johan, Carlsson, Annelie, Saint-Jeveint, Marie, Lidfors, Lena

    We validated the accuracy of two commercially available activity loggers for cattle in determining lying and standing durations, number of lying bouts and number of steps in growing lambs. Ten growing lambs divided into two weight classes were fitted with an IceTag on the right hind leg and an...

  9. A novel protocol to measure startle magnitude in sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Salvin, Hannah, Cafe, Linda, Lees, Angela, Morris, Stephen, Lee, Caroline

    Temperament is a trait of interest as it impacts ease of handling, production and reactivity to stressful situations. Excessive behavioural reactivity, as an aspect of temperament, may lead to reduced welfare and stockperson safety. Current tests of behavioural reactivity involve isolating the...

  10. Impact of a cattle brush on feedlot steer behavior, productivity and stress physiology

    | Contributor(s):: Park, Rachel M., Schubach, Kelsey M., Cooke, Reinaldo F., Herring, Andy D., Jennings, Jenny S., Daigle, Courtney L.

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of environmental enrichment (EE), in the form of a cattle brush, on feedlot cattle behavior, productivity and stress physiology. Steers were blocked by weight and assigned to one of two treatments 1) Cattle brush secured to fence line...

  11. Effects of a temporary period on pasture on the welfare state of horses housed in individual boxes

    | Contributor(s):: Ruet, Alice, Arnould, Cécile, Levray, Justine, Lemarchand, Julie, Mach, Núria, Moisan, Marie-Pierre, Foury, Aline, Briant, Christine, Lansade, Léa

    Domesticated horses mainly live in individual boxes, a housing system reported as compromising animal welfare. A common practice in riding schools involves offering a temporary period on pasture with conspecifics to alleviate the impact of long-term deprivation triggered by boxes. The aim of this...

  12. When walking in an outside area, shelter dogs (Canis familiaris) synchronize activity with their caregivers but do not remain as close to them as do pet dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Duranton, C., Bedossa, T., Gaunet, F.

  13. Significant Neuroanatomical Variation Among Domestic Dog Breeds

    | Contributor(s):: Hecht, E. E., Smaers, J. B., Dunn, W. D., Kent, M., Preuss, T. M., Gutman, D. A.

  14. Seizure-alerting behavior in dogs owned by people experiencing seizures

    | Contributor(s):: Martos Martinez-Caja, A., De Herdt, V., Boon, P., Brandl, U., Cock, H., Parra, J., Perucca, E., Thadani, V., Moons, C. P. H.

  15. Is Animal-Assisted Therapy for Minimally Conscious State Beneficial? A Case Study

    | Contributor(s):: Boitier, J. P., Huber, M., Saleh, C., Kerry, M. J., Hund-Georgiadis, M., Hediger, K.

  16. Investigation of Physiological and Behavioral Responses in Dogs Participating in Animal-Assisted Therapy with Children Diagnosed with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    | Contributor(s):: Melco, A. L., Goldman, L., Fine, A. H., Peralta, J. M.

  17. Anthrozoology in Action: Performing Cognitive Training Paths in a Garden Shelter to Make Dogs More Suitable as Pets

    | Contributor(s):: Vitulli, V., Zanin, L., Trentini, R., Lucidi, P.

  18. The Different Physical and Behavioural Characteristics of Zoo Mammals That Influence Their Response to Visitors

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marina B. Queiroz, Robert J. Young

    The factors underlying the ‘zoo visit effect’ (changes in animal behaviour/physiology in response to visitor presence) are still poorly understood, despite it being widely investigated. The present study examined the effect of zoo visitors on the behaviour of 17 different species of...

  19. The Impact of Equine-Assisted Therapy on Equine Behavioral and Physiological Responses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tiago Mendonça, Cécile Bienboire-Frosini, Fanny Menuge, Julien Leclercq, Céline Lafont-Lecuelle, Sana Arroub, Patrick Pageat

    Equine-assisted therapies (EATs) have been widely used in the treatment of patients with mental or physical conditions. However, studies on the influence of equine-assisted therapy (EAT) on equine welfare are very recent, and the need for further research is often highlighted. The aim of this...

  20. Understanding how dogs encourage and motivate walking: cross-sectional findings from RESIDE

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, M. Knuiman, H. E. Christian

    Background: Many people live with dogs but not all walk with them regularly. This study examines the demographic and behavioural factors that contribute towards owners reporting having a strong sense of encouragement and motivation to walk provided by their dogs, which we call ‘the Lassie...