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  1. Investigating Unused Tools for the Animal Behavioral Diversity Toolkit

    Contributor(s):: Brereton, James Edward, Fernandez, Eduardo J.

    Behavioral diversity is a commonly used tool used to quantify the richness and evenness of animal behaviors and assess the effect of variables that may impact an animal’s quality of life. The indices used in behavioral diversity research, and the study subjects, have not been formally reviewed....

  2. Beyond “Doing Better”: Ordinal Rating Scales to Monitor Behavioural Indicators of Well-Being in Cats

    Contributor(s):: Ellis, Jacklyn J.

    Safeguarding the well-being of cats is essential to the mission of any responsible animal shelter. Environmental enrichment and behaviour modification are often key to this goal. Measuring response to these interventions is essential to ensure strategies are successful. There are often many staff...

  3. Local attitudes toward Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) conservation in the Russian Far East

    Contributor(s):: Mukhacheva, A. S., Bragina, E. V., Miquelle, D. G., Kretser, H. E., Derugina, V. V.

    Public support is a necessary component of large carnivore conservation. We analysed public opinion on Amur tigers, Panthera tigris altaica, in Russia's Far East, the northernmost stronghold of the world's rarest big cat. We surveyed 1035 people in 5 settlements at increasing distances to tiger...

  4. Supporting Young Readers: A Mixed-Methods Study of Their Literacy, Behaviour, and Perceptions When Reading Aloud to Dogs or Adults

    Contributor(s):: Syrnyk, C., McArthur, A., Zwack, A., Handelsman, A.

    Animal-assisted interventions (AAI) have been found to benefit human emotional state and cognitive performance. Recent applications of AAI have extended to classrooms with a range of intentions including to improve literacy. This Canadian study sought to examine differences in reading performance...

  5. Effects of Stocking Rate and Environmental Enrichment on the Ontogeny of Pecking Behavior of Laying Hen Pullets Confined in Aviary Compartments during the First 4 Weeks of Life

    Contributor(s):: Schwarzer, Angela, Erhard, Michael, Schmidt, Paul, Zismann, Miriam, Louton, Helen

    The objective of this study was to describe the ontogeny of the severe feather pecking (SFP), gentle feather pecking (GFP), aggressive pecking (AP), and enrichment pecking (EP) of non-beak-trimmed Lohmann Brown (LB)-pullets during the first 4 weeks of life (observation on 1st, 8th, 15th, 22nd,...

  6. The Perceived and Actual Impact of Outdoor Domestic Cats on Local Ecology in Massachusetts, and the Effects of Education on Cat Owner Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Olivia Shraibati, Christian Zelaya

    This project, Impact of Outdoor Cats and Educational Effects on Cat Owners, created a survey to assess the perceived ecological impact of domestic cats by residents of Massachusetts. It found that cat owners were overwhelmingly unaware of the full effects of their pet’s predation habits....

  7. Influence of Increased Freedom of Movement on Welfare and Egg Laying Pattern of Hens Kept in Aviaries

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nannoni, Eleonora, Buonaiuto, Giovanni, Martelli, Giovanna, Lizzi, Gabriele, Trevisani, Giacomo, Garavini, Gloria, Sardi, Luca

    This work investigates the effects of structural modifications on the welfare level and laying patterns of hens in a three-tier commercial aviary system. Four experimental groups were used: C (control, housed in a traditional aviary); LM (longitudinal movement, in which internal partitions were...

  8. Aggressive, Submissive, and Affiliative Behavior in Sanctuary Chimpanzees (Pan Troglodytes) During Social Integration

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fultz, Amy, Yanagi, Akie, Breaux, Sarah, Beaupre, Leilani

    Chimp Haven is a sanctuary for chimpanzees being retired from biomedical research and from facilities that can no longer care for them. Chimpanzees often live in smaller groups in captive settings; however, Chimp Haven integrates them into larger, more species-typical groups. Social...

  9. Selection Factors Influencing Eventual Owner Satisfaction about Pet Dog Adoption

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dinwoodie, Ian R., Zottola, Vivian, Kubitz, Karla, Dodman, Nicholas H.

    Personal likes, experience, and deep-rooted interests to satisfy emotional needs such as companionship, affection, empathy, and security are some of the underlying human motivations for acquiring a pet companion. In this study, we asked how long the owner took to decide whether to adopt a dog,...

  10. Estimating the optimal number of sampling days and patterns for recording calf behaviours in pre-weaning dairy calves

    | Contributor(s):: Xiao, Jian Xin, Peng, Rong, Yang, Hui, Alugongo, Gibson Maswayi, Zhang, Si Yuan, Liu, Shuai, Chen, Tian Yu, Cao, Zhi Jun

  11. Neophobic behavioural responses of parasitised fish to a potential predator and baited hook

    | Contributor(s):: Freire, Rafael, Rogers, Leia, Creece, Darcy, Shamsi, Shokoofeh

  12. Changes in the behaviour before normal calving to predict its onset in Mediterranean buffaloes heifers

    | Contributor(s):: Lanzoni, L., Chincarini, M., Giammarco, M., Fusaro, I., Iannotta, M., Podaliri, M., Contri, A., Gloria, A., Vignola, G.

  13. Increasing mud levels in a feedlot influences beef cattle behaviours but not preference for feedlot or pasture environments

    | Contributor(s):: Dickson, Emily J., Campbell, Dana L. M., Monk, Jessica E., Lea, Jim M., Colditz, Ian G., Lee, Caroline

  14. Features of reproduction in an isolated island population of the feral horses of the Lake Manych-Gudilo (Rostov Region, Russia)

    | Contributor(s):: Spasskaya, N. N., Voronkova, V. N., Letarov, A. V., Ermilina, Yu A., Nikolaeva, E. A., Konorov, E. A., Stolpovsky, Yu A., Naidenko, S. V.

  15. Forage particle size and forage preservation method modulate lying behaviour in dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Haselmann, Andreas, Wenter, Matthias, Knaus, Wilhelm F., Fuerst-Waltl, Birgit, Zebeli, Qendrim, Winckler, Christoph

  16. Acute changes in oxytocin predict behavioral responses to foundation training in horses

    | Contributor(s):: Niittynen, Taru, Riihonen, Veera, Moscovice, Liza R., Koski, Sonja E.

  17. Refined methodology for identification of bitterness aversion in mature rams through quantification of fluid intake and behavioral response to phenylthiocarbamide

    | Contributor(s):: Southerland, Claire N., Taylor, J. Bret, Yelich, Joel V., Ellison, Melinda J.

  18. Welfare, well treatment and animal protection : concepts, definitions and practiceBien-entre, bientraitance et protection des animaux: concepts, definitions, applications

    | Contributor(s):: Gilbert, C., Fabre-Deloye, A.

  19. Effect of Handler Knowledge of the Detection Task on Canine Search Behavior and Performance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mallory T. DeChant, Cameron Ford, Nathaniel J. Hall

    Detection dogs are commonly trained and tested under conditions in which the handler or the evaluator knows the true presence or absence of a target odor. Previous research has demonstrated that when handlers are deceived and led to believe that a target odor is present, more false alerts...

  20. “Emotional Proximity” and “Spatial Proximity”: Higher Relationship Quality and Nearer Distance Both Strengthen Scratch Contagion in Tibetan Macaques

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Zhang, Yu-Heng, Wang, Xi, Chen, Meng-Meng, Tai, Yi-Mei, Li, Jin-Hua

    Behavioral contagion has been defined as a phenomenon in which an unlearned behavior automatically triggers a similar behavior in others. Previous studies showed that a behavioral contagion might have the function of strengthening social relationships, promoting group coordination and...