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  1. Effect of captivity and management on behaviour of the domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo)

    Contributor(s):: Talbot, Sarah, Freire, Rafael, Wassens, Skye

    The domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo) is becoming an increasingly popular companion animal in Australia and overseas yet very little is currently known about the effects of different management factors (such as housing and enrichment) on domestic ferret behaviour and welfare. Hence, the...

  2. Early experiences modulate stress coping in a population of German shepherd dogs

    Contributor(s):: Foyer, Pernilla, Wilsson, Erik, Wright, Dominic, Jensen, Per

    Early experiences may alter later behavioural expressions in animals and these differences can be consistent through adulthood. In dogs, this may have a profound impact on welfare and working ability and, it is therefore interesting to evaluate how experiences during the first weeks of life...

  3. Does stocking density modify affective state in pigs as assessed by cognitive bias, behavioural and physiological parameters?

    Contributor(s):: Scollo, Annalisa, Gottardo, Flaviana, Contiero, Barbara, Edwards, Sandra A.

    Recent studies suggest that emotional state can affect cognitive abilities of humans and non-human animals, determining biases in information processing. Negative mental states, such as anxiety or depression, induce pessimistic judgments of ambiguous stimuli. These assumptions may be used to...

  4. Does housing nulliparous dairy cows with multiparous animals prior to calving influence welfare- and production-related parameters after calving?

    Contributor(s):: Boyle, Alastair R., Ferris, Conrad P., O’Connell, Niamh E.

    The aim of this experiment was to determine the effects of housing nulliparous cows with non-lactating multiparous cows during the pre-calving period, on welfare and production-related parameters during the post calving period. Twenty nulliparous Holstein Friesian dairy cattle were assigned to...

  5. Do rubber rings coated with lignocaine reduce the pain associated with ring castration of lambs?

    Contributor(s):: Stewart, Mairi, Beausoleil, Ngaio J., Johnson, Craig B., Webster, James R., Schütz, Karin E., Cox, Neil, Stafford, Kevin J.

    To facilitate the wider use of pain relief on-farm, practical ‘farmer friendly’ methods for administering pain relief are necessary. This proof of concept study evaluated the efficacy of rubber rings coated with local anaesthetic (LA, lignocaine) for providing pain relief in lambs castrated 4...

  6. The discrimination-learning task determines the kind of frustration-related behaviours in laying hens (Gallus gallus domesticus)

    Contributor(s):: Kuhne, Franziska, Sauerbrey, Annika F. C., Adler, Silke

    Although, the incidence of frustration-related behaviours is influenced by frustration-provoking social and environmental conflicts, the occurrence of particular frustration-related behaviours associated with discriminatory learning remains controversial. For example, the assumption that...

  7. Development of the behavioural assessment for re-homing K9's (B.A.R.K.) protocol

    Contributor(s):: Mornement, Kate M., Coleman, Grahame J., Toukhsati, Samia, Bennett, Pauleen C.

    Globally, millions of dogs enter the welfare shelter system each year. Before being made available for adoption dogs are typically screened for their suitability as companions by way of a “temperament test” or behavioural assessment. In Australia, the majority of dogs that fail their behavioural...

  8. Cross sectional study comparing behavioural, cognitive and physiological indicators of welfare between short and long term kennelled domestic dogs

    Contributor(s):: Titulaer, Mieke, Blackwell, Emily J., Mendl, Michael, Casey, Rachel A.

    Affective states are an integral part of animal welfare but are difficult to assess using traditional welfare measurements. It has previously been shown that kennelled dogs commonly show indications of poor welfare. The aim of this study was to compare welfare of short-term (ST) and long-term...

  9. Crib-biting and its heritability in Finnhorses

    Contributor(s):: Hemmann, Karin, Raekallio, Marja, Vainio, Outi, Juga, Jarmo

    Crib-biting in horses is a stereotypical oral behaviour with a prevalence of 2.8–15%, varying between breeds. A genetic basis for crib-biting has been suggested by many researchers, but due to incomplete information on families or the lack of a sufficient number of verified crib-biters,...

  10. Comparison of the effects of weaning and castration when conducted separately or in combination on the behaviour of crossbred beef cattle

    Contributor(s):: Lambertz, Christian, Farke-Röver, Antje, Moors, Eva, Gauly, Matthias

    The objective of the present study was to evaluate the behavioural effects of Burdizzo castration of crossbred beef calves when weaned and castrated separately (castrated 8 weeks after weaning) or in combination. Over two consecutive years a total of 111 Limousin×Simmental male calves were...

  11. Choice of perch characteristics by laying hens in cages with different group size and perching behaviours

    Contributor(s):: Chen, Dong-hua, Bao, Jun, Meng, Fan-yu, Wei, Chun-bo

    Provision of perches in cages could improve behaviour and physical conditions of laying hens. This study was conducted to investigate the choice of perch characteristics (shape, width, material and height) by caged hens under different group size, and to understand the choice by the perching...

  12. Biology, behavior, and environmental enrichment for the captive African clawed frog (Xenopus spp)

    Contributor(s):: Chum, Helen, Felt, Stephen, Garner, Joseph, Green, Sherril

    Xenopus are a hardy, long-lived, aquatic amphibian species which readily adapt to a captive environment. This characteristic makes Xenopus ideal for the laboratory, where they are used extensively in basic and biomedical research. Though husbandry practices for Xenopus have not been standardized,...

  13. Behavioural reactivity, social and cognitive abilities of Vietnamese and Pitman–Moore weaned piglets

    Contributor(s):: Val-Laillet, David, Tallet, Céline, Guérin, Carole, Meunier-Salaün, Marie-Christine

    Miniature pigs are increasingly used as alternative models in biomedical research, but little is known about their behavioural reactivity. However this should be taken into account when selecting breeds. In the present study, behavioural reactivity, social and cognitive abilities of 63 weaned...

  14. Behaviour and experiences of dogs during the first year of life predict the outcome in a later temperament test

    Contributor(s):: Foyer, Pernilla, Bjällerhag, Nathalie, Wilsson, Erik, Jensen, Per

    Early life experiences are known to shape the behavioural development of animals, and therefore events occurring during preadolescence and adolescence may have long-term effects. In dogs, this period of time may be important for later behaviour and thereby also the suitability of dogs for...

  15. Behavioral differences among breeds of domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris): Current status of the science

    Contributor(s):: Mehrkam, Lindsay R., Wynne, Clive D. L.

    In both popular media and scientific literature, it is commonly stated that breeds of dogs differ behaviorally in substantial, consistent and predictable ways. Since the mid-twentieth century, scientists have asked whether meaningful behavioral differences exist between breeds of dogs. Today,...

  16. Associations of behaviour with secretory immunoglobulin A and cortisol in domestic cats during their first week in an animal shelter

    Contributor(s):: Gourkow, Nadine, LaVoy, Alora, Dean, Gregg A., Phillips, Clive J. C.

    We tested the hypothesis that during their first week in an animal shelter, cats exhibit groups of behaviours that are connected to mucosal immune and adrenal responses. The behaviour of 34 cats was observed from admission to day 5 and immunoglobulin A (S-IgA) and cortisol were quantified from...

  17. Application of Qualitative Behavioural Assessment to horses during an endurance ride

    Contributor(s):: Fleming, Patricia A., Paisley, Cheree L., Barnes, Anne L., Wemelsfelder, Françoise

    Endurance horses are considered subject to a unique set of training and competing pressures due to the long distances travelled. The health and welfare of these horses could be compromised if they have not been adequately trained or are pushed beyond their limits, and there are increasing...

  18. Aggressiveness in the domestic fowl: Distance versus ‘attitude’

    Contributor(s):: Rodriguez-Aurrekoetxea, Ane, Estevez, Inma

    It has been suggested that invasion of the personal space by flock members is the main trigger of aggressive interactions in the domestic fowl (Gallus gallus domesticus). In large and dense groups of birds high frequency of attacks should be expected as the chances of invading the personal space...

  19. Adopter-dog interactions at the shelter: Behavioral and contextual predictors of adoption

    Contributor(s):: Protopopova, Alexandra, Wynne, Clive David Lawrence

    Millions of unwanted pets enter animal shelters each year in the USA, but only a portion leave alive. Previous research has found that morphology and in-kennel behavior influence adoption. The current study evaluated whether any behaviors exhibited by dogs during an out-of-kennel interaction with...

  20. The welfare of ferrets (Mustela putorius furo T): A review on the housing and management of pet ferrets

    Contributor(s):: Vinke, Claudia M., Schoemaker, Nico J.

    Ferrets are very agile and lively animals, and their behavioural needs are not easily met in housing conditions like our living rooms. Nevertheless, ferrets are increasingly popular as pets. The present paper aims to review and discuss the available knowledge on our pet ferret. Topics are...