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  1. Akkermansia muciniphila Suppresses High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders in Beagles

    Contributor(s):: Lin, X. Q., Chen, W., Ma, K., Liu, Z. Z., Gao, Y., Zhang, J. G., Wang, T., Yang, Y. J.

  2. Jog with your dog: dog owner exercise routines predict dog exercise routines and perception of ideal body weight

    Contributor(s):: Banton, S., Massow, M. von, Pezzali, J. G., Verbrugghe, A., Shoveller, A. K.

    Canine obesity is becoming an increasingly prevalent concern among companion animal veterinarians and professionals alike. A number of sociodemographic, dietary, and exercise related variables have been shown to be predictive of a dog's bodyweight, however, all previous surveys designed to...

  3. Capture Myopathy and Stress Cardiomyopathy in a Live-Stranded Risso's Dolphin (Grampus griseus) in Rehabilitation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nakita Câmara, Eva Sierra, Antonio Fernández, Manuel Arbelo, Yara Bernaldo de Quirós, Marina Arregui, Francesco Consoli, Pedro Herráez

    Capture myopathy (CM) is described in wild animals as a metabolic syndrome resulting from the extreme stress suffered during and after capture, handling, restraint, and transport. Although CM has been characterized in many species of cetaceans, descriptions of cardiac injury—an important...

  4. The relaxing massage technique as a new tool to improve the human/animal relationship and the animal welfare parametersTecnica de massagem relaxante como ferramenta para melhorar a relacao humano-animal e os parametros de bem-estar animal

    | Contributor(s):: Leite, L. O., Nunes-Pinheiro, D. C. S., Hotzel, M. J.

  5. Aggressiveness, ADHD-like behaviour, and environment influence repetitive behaviour in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Sulkama, S., Salonen, M., Mikkola, S., Hakanen, E., Puurunen, J., Araujo, C., Lohi, H.

  6. The interplay between affect, dog's physical activity and dog-owner relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Vaataja, H., Majaranta, P., Cardo, A. V., Isokoski, P., Somppi, S., Vehkaoja, A., Vainio, O., Surakka, V.

    Leaving a dog home alone is part of everyday life for most dog owners. Previous research shows that dog–owner relationship has multifarious effects on dog behavior. However, little is known about the interplay between dog–owner relationship, physical activity of the dog, and affective...

  7. An observational evaluation of stress in horses during therapeutic riding sessions

    | Contributor(s):: McDuffee, L., Carr, L., Montelpare, W.

    Therapeutic riding (TR) provides benefits to participants with cognitive and physical disabilities. Horses participating in TR programs are typically selected because of their calm temperament and may not show obvious signs of stress. However, the welfare of horses in TR programs is an important...

  8. Androstenone induces horses to be more compliant with human-horse interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Choi, Yeonju, Yoon, MinJung

    Olfactory signals play an essential role in communication in animals. Pheromones are volatile or nonvolatile chemicals that trigger social responses among animals. Therefore, pheromone treatment could, in theory, be used to modify horse behavior to improve human-horse relationships. Androstenone...

  9. Pilot study of the influence of equine assisted therapy on physiological and behavioral parameters related to welfare of horses and patients

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dolores Ayala, M., Carrillo, A., Iniesta, P., Ferrer, P.

    Different welfare indicators were studied in three patients with psychomotor alterations and in two horses throughout 9-10 equine assisted therapy sessions in each patient. In horses, heart and respiratory rates, blood pressure, temperature and behavioral signs were studied. In patients, heart...

  10. The urinary hormonal state of cats associated with social interaction with humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nagasawa, T., Ohta, M., Uchiyama, H.

    Research to assess the relationship between cats and humans is in a nascent stage. Some studies have assessed the stress status in cats using physiological indicators, such as the cortisol hormone, but have not focused on the social interaction with humans. Moreover, the role of oxytocin...

  11. Exploratory study of fecal cortisol, weight, and behavior as measures of stress and welfare in shelter cats during assimilation into families of children with autism spectrum disorder

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carlisle, G. K., Johnson, R. A., Koch, C. S., Lyons, L. A., Wang, Z., Bibbo, J., Cheak-Zamora, N.

    Background: Cats are a common companion animal (CA) in US households, and many live in families of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The prevalence of ASD is one in 54, and many children have behavior challenges as well as their diagnostic communication disorders. Objective:...

  12. The role of hormones during equine-assisted activity and therapy: a literature review

    | Contributor(s):: Ferlazzo, A., Fazio, E., Cravana, C., Medica, P.

  13. Repeated separations between a future guide dog and its foster family modify stress-related indicators and affect dog's focus

    | Contributor(s):: Menuge, F., Marcet-Rius, M., Chabaud, C., Teruel, E., Berthelot, C., Kalonji, G., Bienboire-Frosini, C., Mendonca, T., Lascar, E., Pageat, P.

    In some guide dog organisations, future guide dogs for blind individuals are required to undergo separation from their foster family from Monday to Friday as part of their training. These separations and the constantly changing environment may induce stress, thus impacting the welfare of these...

  14. Distributed skills in camel herding cooperation in a human-animal relationship in Somaliland

    | Contributor(s):: Schwere, R.

  15. Origin of the domestic chicken from modern biological and zooarchaeological approaches

    | Contributor(s):: Eda, M.

    2021Animal Frontiers11352-612160-605610.1093/af/vfab016EnglishHokkaido University Museum, Hokkaido University, Kita 10, Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo Hokkaido 060-0810, Japan.edamsk@museum.hokudai.ac.jptext

  16. Using the incidence and impact of health conditions in guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in working dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Caron-Lormier, G., England, G. C. W., Green, M. J., Asher, L.

    This study aimed to use retirement data from working guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in dogs and the demographic factors that influence ageing. Using a dataset of 7686 dogs spanning 20 years, dogs withdrawn for health reasons before they reached retirement were identified. Cases of...

  17. A new metric for quantifying the relative impact of risk factors on loss of working life illustrated in a population of working dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Caron-Lormier, G., Harvey, N. D., England, G. C. W., Asher, L.

    In a resource-limited world, organisations attempting to reduce the impact of health or behaviour issues need to choose carefully how to allocate resources for the highest overall impact. However, such choices may not always be obvious. Which has the biggest impact? A large change to a small...

  18. Evaluating stress in riding horses: part one - behavior assessment and serum cortisol

    | Contributor(s):: Hovey, M. R., Davis, A., Chen, S., Godwin, P., Porr, C. A. S.

  19. Ethanol and a chemical from fox faeces modulate exploratory behaviour in laboratory mice

    | Contributor(s):: Grau, Carlos, Leclercq, Julien, Descout, Estelle, Teruel, Eva, Bienboire-Frosini, Cécile, Pageat, Patrick

    Mice are macrosmatic animals that use olfaction as their main source of information to increase fitness; they process predator cues to assess risk, and plants and fruit cues to find nutritional resources and assess their quality or toxicity. In this study, we examined the effects of ethanol as an...

  20. Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos

    | Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.

    Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...