Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos
Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.
Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...
Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats
Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.
Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...
Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries
Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.
The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...
A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams
Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.
This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students (n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....
The ethics of a co-regulatory model for farm animal welfare research
Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C., Petherick, J. C.
Standards for farm animal welfare are variously managed at a national level by government-led regulatory control, by consumer-led welfare economics and co-regulated control in a partnership between industry and government. In the latter case the control of research to support animal welfare...
The power of automated behavioural homecage technologies in characterizing disease progression in laboratory mice: a review
Contributor(s):: Richardson, C. A.
Behavioural changes that occur as animals become sick have been characterized in a number of species and include the less frequent occurrence of 'luxury behaviours' such as playing, grooming and socialization. 'Sickness behaviours' or behavioural changes following exposure to infectious agents,...
What is a canine athlete?
Contributor(s):: Zink, M. C., Dyke, J. B. van
Canine sports medicine and rehabilitation is the newest specialty in veterinary medicine. It encompasses and integrates a variety of fields, including orthopedics, exercise physiology, neurology, cardiology, pulmonology, nutrition, and others. Rehabilitation, which includes conditioning...
The effects of an animal-assisted intervention on salivary alpha-amylase, salivary immunoglobulin A, and heart rate during forensic interviews in child sexual abuse cases
Contributor(s):: Krause-Parello, C. A., Friedmann, E.
Animal-assisted invention (AAI) in gaining attention as a therapeutic modality; however, the effect of it has not been well studied in the child welfare system. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of AAI on stress indicators (as measured by salivary alpha-amylase (sAA),...
Importance of bringing dogs in contact with children during their socialization period for better behavior
Contributor(s):: Arai, S., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.
Fecal concentrations of cortisol, testosterone, and progesterone in cotton-top tamarins housed in different zoological parks: relationships among physiological data, environmental conditions, and behavioral patterns
Contributor(s):: Fontani, S., Vaglio, S., Beghelli, V., Mattioli, M., Bacci, S., Accorsi, P. A.
The aim of this investigation was to study the welfare of 3 captive groups of cotton-top tamarins housed in different zoological parks. Ethological observations were conducted during 1 year. In addition, fecal samples were collected and the concentrations of glucocorticoids, androgens, and...
The welfare of young Polish Konik horses subjected to agricultural workload
Contributor(s):: Kedzierski, W., Pluta, M.
Every year a new group of young Polish Konik colts are separated from the forest herds to be trained in the stable breeding system. The aim of this study was to evaluate how the young Polish Konik horses who had been born in a forest reserve adapt to and tolerate draft work. Two groups of 6...
A comparison of handling methods relevant to the religious slaughter of sheep
Contributor(s):: Bates, L. S. W., Ford, E. A., Brown, S. N., Richards, G. J., Hadley, P. J., Wotton, S. B., Knowles, T. G.
Legislation governing non-stun slaughter of sheep in England requires that they are individually and mechanically restrained for slaughter and not moved for at least 20 s post neck cut, until unconsciousness or insensibility occurs. Complying with the need for individual handling, in what is a...
Owners and pets exercising together: canine response to veterinarian-prescribed physical activity
Contributor(s):: Byers, C. G., Wilson, C. C., Stephens, M. B., Goodie, J. L., Netting, F. E., Olsen, C. H.
Using a prospective, randomized, single-blinded clinical design, we enrolled dog owners (DOs) and their dogs presenting to a veterinary referral hospital in a two-phase trial to determine whether veterinarian-initiated counseling increases physical activity and leads to secondary health benefits...
Effects of pre-transport nutrient supplementation and transport duration on the post-transport blood biochemistry, bodyweight and welfare of ostriches
Contributor(s):: Bejaei, M., Bennett, D. C., Schaefer, A. L., Cheng, K. M.
There are very few abattoirs in North America that process ostriches ( Struthio camelus) which means producers are forced to transport their birds over long distances (>500 km) for processing. The objectives of this research were to investigate the effects of pre-transport nutrient...
Cardiorespiratory and Biomechanical Changes with Hippotherapy in Children with and without Cerebral Palsy
Contributor(s):: B.R. Rigby, A.R. Gloekner, S. Papadakis, A.A. Bane, J.S. Forsse, A.E. Bird, T.R. Willard, D.L. Bullinger, R.R. Rogers, K.D. Biggerstaff, P.W. Grandjean
Hippotherapy utilizes the rhythmic movement of the horse to improve functional abilities and quality of life of individuals with neurological impairments. Little is known regarding the changes in body segment kinematics and cardiovascular responses of the rider due to the therapy. A change in the...
Differences in serotonin serum concentration between aggressive English cocker spaniels and aggressive dogs of other breeds
Contributor(s):: Amat, M., Brech, S. le, Camps, T., Torrente, C., Mariotti, V. M., Ruiz, J. L., Manteca, X.
Early life exposures to home dampness, pet ownership and farm animal contact and neuropsychological development in 4 year old children: a prospective birth cohort study
Contributor(s):: Casas, L., Torrent, M., Zock, J. P., Doekes, G., Forns, J., Guxens, M., Taubel, M., Heinrich, J., Sunyer, J.
Effect of previous handling experiences on responses of dairy calves to routine husbandry procedures
| Contributor(s):: Stewart, M., Shepherd, H. M., Webster, J. R., Waas, J. R., McLeay, L. M., Schutz, K. E.