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  1. Using the incidence and impact of health conditions in guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in working dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Caron-Lormier, G., England, G. C. W., Green, M. J., Asher, L.

    This study aimed to use retirement data from working guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in dogs and the demographic factors that influence ageing. Using a dataset of 7686 dogs spanning 20 years, dogs withdrawn for health reasons before they reached retirement were identified. Cases of...

  2. A new metric for quantifying the relative impact of risk factors on loss of working life illustrated in a population of working dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Caron-Lormier, G., Harvey, N. D., England, G. C. W., Asher, L.

    In a resource-limited world, organisations attempting to reduce the impact of health or behaviour issues need to choose carefully how to allocate resources for the highest overall impact. However, such choices may not always be obvious. Which has the biggest impact? A large change to a small...

  3. Ethanol and a chemical from fox faeces modulate exploratory behaviour in laboratory mice

    | Contributor(s):: Grau, Carlos, Leclercq, Julien, Descout, Estelle, Teruel, Eva, Bienboire-Frosini, Cécile, Pageat, Patrick

    Mice are macrosmatic animals that use olfaction as their main source of information to increase fitness; they process predator cues to assess risk, and plants and fruit cues to find nutritional resources and assess their quality or toxicity. In this study, we examined the effects of ethanol as an...

  4. Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos

    | Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.

    Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...

  5. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  6. Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries

    | Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.

    The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...

  7. A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams

    | Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.

    This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students (n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....

  8. A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams

    | Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.

    This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students (n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....

  9. The ethics of a co-regulatory model for farm animal welfare research

    | Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C., Petherick, J. C.

    Standards for farm animal welfare are variously managed at a national level by government-led regulatory control, by consumer-led welfare economics and co-regulated control in a partnership between industry and government. In the latter case the control of research to support animal welfare...

  10. The power of automated behavioural homecage technologies in characterizing disease progression in laboratory mice: a review

    | Contributor(s):: Richardson, C. A.

    Behavioural changes that occur as animals become sick have been characterized in a number of species and include the less frequent occurrence of 'luxury behaviours' such as playing, grooming and socialization. 'Sickness behaviours' or behavioural changes following exposure to infectious agents,...

  11. What is a canine athlete?

    | Contributor(s):: Zink, M. C., Dyke, J. B. van

    Canine sports medicine and rehabilitation is the newest specialty in veterinary medicine. It encompasses and integrates a variety of fields, including orthopedics, exercise physiology, neurology, cardiology, pulmonology, nutrition, and others. Rehabilitation, which includes conditioning...

  12. The effects of an animal-assisted intervention on salivary alpha-amylase, salivary immunoglobulin A, and heart rate during forensic interviews in child sexual abuse cases

    | Contributor(s):: Krause-Parello, C. A., Friedmann, E.

    Animal-assisted invention (AAI) in gaining attention as a therapeutic modality; however, the effect of it has not been well studied in the child welfare system. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of AAI on stress indicators (as measured by salivary alpha-amylase (sAA),...

  13. Importance of bringing dogs in contact with children during their socialization period for better behavior

    | Contributor(s):: Arai, S., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.

  14. Fecal concentrations of cortisol, testosterone, and progesterone in cotton-top tamarins housed in different zoological parks: relationships among physiological data, environmental conditions, and behavioral patterns

    | Contributor(s):: Fontani, S., Vaglio, S., Beghelli, V., Mattioli, M., Bacci, S., Accorsi, P. A.

    The aim of this investigation was to study the welfare of 3 captive groups of cotton-top tamarins housed in different zoological parks. Ethological observations were conducted during 1 year. In addition, fecal samples were collected and the concentrations of glucocorticoids, androgens, and...

  15. The welfare of young Polish Konik horses subjected to agricultural workload

    | Contributor(s):: Kedzierski, W., Pluta, M.

    Every year a new group of young Polish Konik colts are separated from the forest herds to be trained in the stable breeding system. The aim of this study was to evaluate how the young Polish Konik horses who had been born in a forest reserve adapt to and tolerate draft work. Two groups of 6...

  16. A comparison of handling methods relevant to the religious slaughter of sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Bates, L. S. W., Ford, E. A., Brown, S. N., Richards, G. J., Hadley, P. J., Wotton, S. B., Knowles, T. G.

    Legislation governing non-stun slaughter of sheep in England requires that they are individually and mechanically restrained for slaughter and not moved for at least 20 s post neck cut, until unconsciousness or insensibility occurs. Complying with the need for individual handling, in what is a...

  17. Owners and pets exercising together: canine response to veterinarian-prescribed physical activity

    | Contributor(s):: Byers, C. G., Wilson, C. C., Stephens, M. B., Goodie, J. L., Netting, F. E., Olsen, C. H.

    Using a prospective, randomized, single-blinded clinical design, we enrolled dog owners (DOs) and their dogs presenting to a veterinary referral hospital in a two-phase trial to determine whether veterinarian-initiated counseling increases physical activity and leads to secondary health benefits...

  18. Effects of pre-transport nutrient supplementation and transport duration on the post-transport blood biochemistry, bodyweight and welfare of ostriches

    | Contributor(s):: Bejaei, M., Bennett, D. C., Schaefer, A. L., Cheng, K. M.

    There are very few abattoirs in North America that process ostriches ( Struthio camelus) which means producers are forced to transport their birds over long distances (>500 km) for processing. The objectives of this research were to investigate the effects of pre-transport nutrient...

  19. Cardiorespiratory and Biomechanical Changes with Hippotherapy in Children with and without Cerebral Palsy

    | Contributor(s):: B.R. Rigby, A.R. Gloekner, S. Papadakis, A.A. Bane, J.S. Forsse, A.E. Bird, T.R. Willard, D.L. Bullinger, R.R. Rogers, K.D. Biggerstaff, P.W. Grandjean

    Hippotherapy utilizes the rhythmic movement of the horse to improve functional abilities and quality of life of individuals with neurological impairments. Little is known regarding the changes in body segment kinematics and cardiovascular responses of the rider due to the therapy. A change in the...

  20. Differences in serotonin serum concentration between aggressive English cocker spaniels and aggressive dogs of other breeds

    | Contributor(s):: Amat, M., Brech, S. le, Camps, T., Torrente, C., Mariotti, V. M., Ruiz, J. L., Manteca, X.