Agriculture in the Slovenian transitional economy: the preservation of genetic diversity of plants and ethical consequences
Contributor(s):: Ivancic, A., Turk, J., Rozman, C., Sisko, M.
Slovene agriculture is going through drastic changes. Most of the land is still owned by small farmers. The production is oriented to the market and is based on modern Western technology. It is associated with increasing pollution and is becoming a serious threat to biodiversity. Many of the wild...
Agro-biodiversity conservation in Europe: ethical issues
Contributor(s):: Negri, V.
While it is commonly acknowledged that the ecosystemic, and the inter- and intra-specific diversity of "natural" life is under threat of being irremediably lost, there is much less awareness that the diversity in agro-ecosystems is also under threat. This paper is focused on the biodiverse...
Anthropomorphized species as tools for conservation: utility beyond prosocial, intelligent and suffering species
Contributor(s):: Root-Bernstein, M., Douglas, L., Smith, A., Verissimo, D.
Biofuels: efficiency, ethics, and limits to human appropriation of ecosystem services
Contributor(s):: Gomiero, T., Paoletti, M. G., Pimentel, D.
Biofuels have lately been indicated as a promising source of cheap and sustainable energy. In this paper we argue that some important ethical and environmental issues have also to be addressed: (1) the conflict between biofuels production and global food security, particularly in developing...
Conservation of biodiversity within Canadian agricultural landscapes: integrating habitat for wildlife
Contributor(s):: Mineau, P., McLaughlin, A.
Industrialized agriculture currently substitutes for many of the ecological functions of soil microorganisms, macroinvertebrates, wild plants, and vertebrate animals with high cost inputs of pesticides and fertilizers. Enhanced biological diversity potentially offers agricultural producers a...
Coping with human-cat interactions beyond the limits of domesticity: moral pluralism in the management of cats and wildlife
| Contributor(s):: Wandesforde-Smith, G., Levy, J. K., Lynn, W., Rand, J., Riley, S., Schaffner, J. E., Wolf, P. J.
Although human interactions with cats are often even typically analyzed in the context of domesticity, with a focus on what sorts of interactions might make both people and cats "happy at home," a large number of cats in the world live, for one reason or another, beyond the bounds of...
Critical impact assessment of organic agriculture
| Contributor(s):: Xie, Biao, Wang, XiaoRong, Ding, ZhuHong, Yang, YaPing
Based on its production guideline, organic agriculture has set for itself the goals of minimizing all forms of pollution and maintaining sustainability of the farming system. By striving for these goals, organic farming meets the demands of an increasing number of consumers who are critical of...
Density-dependent diet selection and body condition of cattle and horses in heterogeneous landscapes
| Contributor(s):: Cornelissen, P., Vulink, J. T.
For some decades, grazing by cattle and horses is used as a management tool to achieve different nature management goals. For managers there are still questions to be answered about the effects of herbivore densities on their performance, vegetation development and biodiversity. This study...
Ethical considerations in agro-biodiversity research, collecting, and use
| Contributor(s):: Engels, J. M. M., Dempewolf, H., Henson-Apollonio, V.
Humans have always played a crucial role in the evolutionary dynamics of agricultural biodiversity and thus there is a strong relationship between these resources and human cultures. These agricultural resources have long been treated as a global public good, and constitute the livelihoods of...
Food puzzles for cats: feeding for physical and emotional wellbeing
| Contributor(s):: Dantas, L. M. S., Delgado, M. M., Johnson, I., Buffington, C. A. T.
Practical relevance: Many pet cats are kept indoors for a variety of reasons (eg, safety, health, avoidance of wildlife predation) in conditions that are perhaps the least natural to them. Indoor housing has been associated with health issues, such as chronic lower urinary tract signs, and...
From environmental ethics to nature conservation policy: Natura 2000 and the burden of proof
| Contributor(s):: Rosa, H. D., Silva, J. M. da
Natura 2000 is a network of natural sites whose aim is to preserve species and habitats of relevance in the European Union. The policy underlying Natura 2000 has faced widespread opposition from land users and received extensive support from environmentalists. This paper addresses the ethical...
How useful are the concepts of familiarity, biological integrity, and ecosystem health for evaluating damages by GM crops?
| Contributor(s):: Heink, U., Bartz, R., Kowarik, I.
Human-cat relationship in an oceanic biosphere reserve: the case of La Palma Island, Canary archipelago
| Contributor(s):: Medina, F. M., Nogales, M., Farnworth, M. J., Bonnaud, E.
Removal of feral cats from island environments is a useful mechanism by which their ecological impact on endangered species can be reduced or ended. Nevertheless, because cats are anthropogenic in their origins, social perceptions of management practices play a large role in their implementation....
In the water with white sharks ( Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia
| Contributor(s):: Apps, K., Dimmock, K., Lloyd, D., Huveneers, C.
White shark ( Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the underlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...
In the water with white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia
White shark (Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the un- derlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...
Indicators of biodiversity and conservational wildlife quality on Danish organic farms for use in farm management: a multidisciplinary approach to indicator development and testing
| Contributor(s):: Noe, E., Halberg, N., Reddersen, J.
Organic farming is expected to contribute to conserving national biodiversity on farms, especially remnant, old, and undisturbed small biotopes, forests, and permanent grassland. This objective cannot rely on the legislation of organic farming solely, and to succeed, farmers need to understand...
Infectious diseases associated with relation between humans and wildlife - consideration on wild bird mortality and bird-feeding
| Contributor(s):: Fukui, D.
International Society for Anthrozoology (ISAZ) 2016. Exploring human-animal interactions: a multidisciplinary approach from behavioral and social sciences, Barcelona, Spain, 7-10 July 2016. Proceedings
This work contains abstracts of 61 conference papers on the regulatory, behavioural and welfare aspects of human-animal interactions.
Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species
| Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.
This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental...
This study reports children’s developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: 1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? 2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and 3) Does a developmental...