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Tags: Biodiversity

Resources (1-20 of 106)

  1. A Hypothetical Engagement: GATT Article XX(a) and Indonesia's FATWA Against Trade in Endangered Species

    Contributor(s):: Lisa M. Meissner

    The greatest recognized threat facing biodiversity conservation today is habitat destruction. Other threats include but are not limited to global climate change, encroachment, illegal wildlife trafficking, and overexploitation through intensive agricultural and commercial uses. Although wildlife...

  2. Agriculture in the Slovenian transitional economy: the preservation of genetic diversity of plants and ethical consequences

    Contributor(s):: Ivancic, A., Turk, J., Rozman, C., Sisko, M.

    Slovene agriculture is going through drastic changes. Most of the land is still owned by small farmers. The production is oriented to the market and is based on modern Western technology. It is associated with increasing pollution and is becoming a serious threat to biodiversity. Many of the wild...

  3. Agro-biodiversity conservation in Europe: ethical issues

    Contributor(s):: Negri, V.

    While it is commonly acknowledged that the ecosystemic, and the inter- and intra-specific diversity of "natural" life is under threat of being irremediably lost, there is much less awareness that the diversity in agro-ecosystems is also under threat. This paper is focused on the biodiverse...

  4. Agrobiodiversity under different property regimes

    Contributor(s):: Timmermann, C., Robaey, Z.

    Having an adequate and extensively recognized resource governance system is essential for the conservation and sustainable use of crop genetic resources in a highly populated planet. Despite the widely accepted importance of agrobiodiversity for future plant breeding and thus food security, there...

  5. Agroecosystems and primate conservation in the tropics : a review

    Contributor(s):: Estrada, Alejandro

  6. Analysis of the alternative agriculture's seeds market sector: history and development

    Contributor(s):: Barbieri, P., Bocchi, S.

    Alternative agricultural systems, like organic and local agriculture, are becoming increasingly important in Europe to the detriment of conventional methods. As a matter of fact, sustainable agriculture, which started as a niche sector, has been able to conquer a significant share of the European...

  7. Animal related activities as determinants of species knowledge

    Contributor(s):: Randler, Christoph

  8. Anthropomorphized species as tools for conservation: utility beyond prosocial, intelligent and suffering species

    Contributor(s):: Root-Bernstein, M., Douglas, L., Smith, A., Verissimo, D.

  9. Archaeofaunal signatures of specialized bowhead whaling in the Western Canadian Arctic: a regional study

    Contributor(s):: Betts, Matthew W., Friesen, T. Max

  10. Behavioral patterns of (co-)grazing cattle and sheep on swards differing in plant diversity

    Contributor(s):: Cuchillo Hilario, Mario, Wrage-Mönnig, Nicole, Isselstein, Johannes

    Both botanical composition and the presence of additional grazer species may modify the grazing efficiency and ingestive behavior of ruminants. However, at present, potential effects of interactions between sward diversity and presence of multiple animal species on the grazing behavior of cattle...

  11. Biofuels: efficiency, ethics, and limits to human appropriation of ecosystem services

    Contributor(s):: Gomiero, T., Paoletti, M. G., Pimentel, D.

    Biofuels have lately been indicated as a promising source of cheap and sustainable energy. In this paper we argue that some important ethical and environmental issues have also to be addressed: (1) the conflict between biofuels production and global food security, particularly in developing...

  12. Bird-window collisions: a critical animal welfare and conservation issue

    Contributor(s):: Klem, D., Jr.

    Sheet glass and plastic in the form of clear and reflective windows are universally lethal to birds. Reasonable interpretation of available scientific evidence describes windows as a principal human-associated avian mortality factor that is an indiscriminant killer of common species as well as...

  13. Conservation implications of dietary dilution from debris ingestion: sublethal effects in post-hatchling loggerhead sea turtles

    Contributor(s):: Shannon J. McCauley, Karen A. Bjomdal

    Ingestion of anthropogenic debris by marine species has been documented extensively; fewer studies have attempted to quantify the sublethal effects caused by debris ingestion. One potential sublethal effect is reduced nutrient gains from diets diluted by consumption of debris. Post-hatchling and...

  14. Conservation of biodiversity within Canadian agricultural landscapes: integrating habitat for wildlife

    Contributor(s):: Mineau, P., McLaughlin, A.

    Industrialized agriculture currently substitutes for many of the ecological functions of soil microorganisms, macroinvertebrates, wild plants, and vertebrate animals with high cost inputs of pesticides and fertilizers. Enhanced biological diversity potentially offers agricultural producers a...

  15. Conserving Wolves by Transforming Them? The Transformative Effects of Technologies of Government in Biodiversity Conservation

    Contributor(s):: Stokland, Håkon B.

  16. Critical impact assessment of organic agriculture

    Contributor(s):: Xie, Biao, Wang, XiaoRong, Ding, ZhuHong, Yang, YaPing

    Based on its production guideline, organic agriculture has set for itself the goals of minimizing all forms of pollution and maintaining sustainability of the farming system. By striving for these goals, organic farming meets the demands of an increasing number of consumers who are critical of...

  17. Current opinion on maximizing veterinary profession growth and contributions

    Contributor(s):: Nimmanapalli, R., Donapaty, S. R.

    Veterinary profession sphere overlaps three major biology arenas namely agriculture, basic sciences, and human medicine. Thus, so far the investments in veterinary field are not proportional to the scope of their responsibilities. Rededication and rejuvenation can help veterinary profession to...

  18. Density-dependent diet selection and body condition of cattle and horses in heterogeneous landscapes

    Contributor(s):: Cornelissen, P., Vulink, J. T.

    For some decades, grazing by cattle and horses is used as a management tool to achieve different nature management goals. For managers there are still questions to be answered about the effects of herbivore densities on their performance, vegetation development and biodiversity. This study...

  19. Do Birdwatchers Care about Bird Disturbance?

    Contributor(s):: Weston, Michael A., Guay, Patrick-Jean, McLeod, Emily M., Miller, Kelly K.

    Little is known about how non-consumptive recreationists perceive their impacts on animals and how this relates to recreationist behavior. We surveyed attitudes and behaviors relating to bird disturbance of 179 birdwatchers who visited a world-renowned, restricted-access birdwatching destination...

  20. Effects of social learning on foraging behaviour and live weight gain in first-season grazing calves

    Contributor(s):: Hessle, A. K.

    When livestock are turned out to semi-natural grasslands, an effective onset of grazing is important both for animal productivity and for defoliation of the sward, which preserve the biodiversity of the vegetation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether foraging behaviour of naive...