EU DAISIE research project: wanted - death penalty to keep native species competitive?
Contributor(s):: Zisenis, M.
How useful are the concepts of familiarity, biological integrity, and ecosystem health for evaluating damages by GM crops?
Contributor(s):: Heink, U., Bartz, R., Kowarik, I.
Kinship to mastery : biophilia in human evolution and development
Contributor(s):: Kellert, Stephen R.
The Biophilia hypothesis
Contributor(s):: Kellert, Stephen R., Wilson, Edward O.
Agriculture in the Slovenian transitional economy: the preservation of genetic diversity of plants and ethical consequences
Contributor(s):: Ivancic, A., Turk, J., Rozman, C., Sisko, M.
Slovene agriculture is going through drastic changes. Most of the land is still owned by small farmers. The production is oriented to the market and is based on modern Western technology. It is associated with increasing pollution and is becoming a serious threat to biodiversity. Many of the wild...
Agro-biodiversity conservation in Europe: ethical issues
Contributor(s):: Negri, V.
While it is commonly acknowledged that the ecosystemic, and the inter- and intra-specific diversity of "natural" life is under threat of being irremediably lost, there is much less awareness that the diversity in agro-ecosystems is also under threat. This paper is focused on the biodiverse...
Critical impact assessment of organic agriculture
Contributor(s):: Xie, Biao, Wang, XiaoRong, Ding, ZhuHong, Yang, YaPing
Based on its production guideline, organic agriculture has set for itself the goals of minimizing all forms of pollution and maintaining sustainability of the farming system. By striving for these goals, organic farming meets the demands of an increasing number of consumers who are critical of...
Ethical considerations in agro-biodiversity research, collecting, and use
Contributor(s):: Engels, J. M. M., Dempewolf, H., Henson-Apollonio, V.
Humans have always played a crucial role in the evolutionary dynamics of agricultural biodiversity and thus there is a strong relationship between these resources and human cultures. These agricultural resources have long been treated as a global public good, and constitute the livelihoods of...
Ethical issues related to food sector evolution in developing countries: about sustainability and equity. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Fo
Contributor(s):: Raoult-Wack, A. L., Bricas, N.
After a century of major technical advance, essentially achieved by and for the industrialized countries, the evolution of the food sector in southern countries should no longer be thought of in terms of a "headlong pursuit." In the present context of demographic growth, urbanization, poverty and...
From environmental ethics to nature conservation policy: Natura 2000 and the burden of proof
Contributor(s):: Rosa, H. D., Silva, J. M. da
Natura 2000 is a network of natural sites whose aim is to preserve species and habitats of relevance in the European Union. The policy underlying Natura 2000 has faced widespread opposition from land users and received extensive support from environmentalists. This paper addresses the ethical...
Indicators of biodiversity and conservational wildlife quality on Danish organic farms for use in farm management: a multidisciplinary approach to indicator development and testing
Contributor(s):: Noe, E., Halberg, N., Reddersen, J.
Organic farming is expected to contribute to conserving national biodiversity on farms, especially remnant, old, and undisturbed small biotopes, forests, and permanent grassland. This objective cannot rely on the legislation of organic farming solely, and to succeed, farmers need to understand...
Maize: the Native North American's legacy of cultural diversity and biodiversity
Contributor(s):: Wertz, S. K.
Recent research has focused on establishing the values of preserving biodiversity both in agriculture and in less managed ecosystems, and in showing the importance of the role of cultural diversity in preserving biodiversity in food production systems. A study of the philosophy embedded in...
Naturalness and conservation in France
Contributor(s):: Schnitzler, A., Genot, J. C., Wintz, M., Hale, B. W.
This article discusses the ecological and cultural criteria underlying the management practices for protected areas in France. It examines the evolution of French conservation from its roots in the 19th century, when it focused on the protection of scenic landscapes, to current times when the...
Nature quality in organic farming: a conceptual analysis of considerations and criteria in a European context
Contributor(s):: Tybirk, K., Alroe, H. F., Frederiksen, P.
Nature quality in relation to farming is a complex field. It involves different traditions and interests, different views of what nature is, and different ways of valuing nature. Furthermore there is a general lack of empirical data on many aspects of nature quality in the farmed landscape. In...
Non-native species do threaten the natural environment
Contributor(s):: Simberloff, D.
Sagoff [See Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics (2005) 18, 215-236] argues, against growing empirical evidence, that major environmental impacts of non-native species are unproven. However, many such impacts, including extinctions of both island and continental species, have both...
Opening up for participation in agro-biodiversity conservation: the expert-lay interplay in a Brazilian social movement
Contributor(s):: Delgado, A.
In science and environmental studies, there is a general concern for the democratization of the expert-lay interplay. However, the democratization of expertise does not necessarily lead to more sustainable decisions. If citizens do not take the sustainable choice, what should experts and decision...
Risks associated with genetic modification: an annotated bibliography of peer reviewed natural science publications
Contributor(s):: Weaver, S. A., Morris, M. C.
An annotated bibliography is presented of peer-reviewed papers highlighting the human health, animal welfare, and environmental risks (concerning biodiversity in particular) associated with genetic modification. The bibliography is organized according to the nature of the risks in question: (1)...
The design and implementation of sustainable plant diversity conservation program for alpine meadows and pastures
Contributor(s):: Baumgartner, J., Hartmann, J.
The paper describes the design and implementation of a plant biodiversity conservation programme that was developed under funding and time constraints for diverse ecological, social, and institutional environments. The biodiversity programme for alpine meadows and pastures in the Canton of the...
The fat of the land: linking American food overconsumption, obesity, and biodiversity loss
Contributor(s):: Cafaro, P. J., Primack, R. B., Zimdahl, R. L.
Americans' excessive consumption of food harms their health and quality of life and also causes direct and indirect environmental degradation, through habitat loss and increased pollution from agricultural fertilizers and pesticides. We show here that reducing food consumption (and eating less...
Effects of social learning on foraging behaviour and live weight gain in first-season grazing calves
Contributor(s):: Hessle, A. K.
When livestock are turned out to semi-natural grasslands, an effective onset of grazing is important both for animal productivity and for defoliation of the sward, which preserve the biodiversity of the vegetation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether foraging behaviour of naive...