"Buddhist compassion" and "animal abuse" in Thailand's Tiger Temple
Contributor(s):: Cohen, E.
"Support your local invasive species": animal protection rhetoric and nonnative species
Contributor(s):: Seymour, M.
A biotechnological agenda for the Third World
Contributor(s):: Goldstein, D. J.
It is argued that Third World countries should exploit the genetic information stored in their flora and fauna to develop independent and highly competitive biotechnological and pharmaceutical industries. The necessary condition for this policy to succeed is the reshaping of their universities...
A case study employing operant conditioning to reduce stress of capture for red-bellied tamarins ( Saguinus labiatus )
Contributor(s):: Owen, Y., Amory, J. R.
Traditional techniques used to capture New World monkeys, such as net capture, can induce high levels of acute stress detrimental to welfare. Alternatively, training nonhuman animals via operant conditioning to voluntarily participate in husbandry and/or veterinary practices is accepted as a...
A comparison of Bahamian cat and dog caregivers on New Providence
Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J.
This article offers the first comparison of actions and attitudes of Afro-Caribbean caregivers who keep only cats or only dogs. A total of 330 Bahamian caregivers found that women primarily keep cats; men primarily keep dogs. Cat keepers were more attached to their companion animals but no more...
A comparison of body size, coat condition and endoparasite diversity of wild Barbary macaques exposed to different levels of tourism
Contributor(s):: Borg, C., Majolo, B., Qarro, M., Semple, S.
Primate tourism is a rapidly growing industry with the potential to provide considerable conservation benefits. However, assessing the impact of tourists on the animals involved is vital to ensure that the conservation value of primate tourism is maximized. In this study, we compared body size,...
A longitudinal study of antipredator behaviour in four successive generations of two populations of captive red junglefowl
Contributor(s):: Hakansson, J., Jensen, P.
Conservation breeding and reintroduction into the wild can only be an effective management tool if behaviours essential for a life in the wild are maintained in captivity. The aim of this study was to investigate how a protected captive environment influences antipredator behaviour over...
A note on the behavior of feral cattle in the Chihuahuan Desert of Mexico
Contributor(s):: Hernandez, L., Barral, H., Halffter, G., Colon, S. S.
Habitat use and behaviour of three feral cows were compared to three domestic cows in the Mapimi Biosphere Reserve, Chihuahuan Desert, where approximately 1000 feral cows were found on 151 000 ha. Feral cattle were found to represent an ecotype adapted to desert conditions. In comparison with...
A note on the use of GPS collars to monitor wild maned wolves Chrysocyon brachyurus (Illiger 1815) (Mammalia, Canidae)
Contributor(s):: Coelho, C. M., Melo, L. F. B. de, Sabato, M. A. L., Rizel, D. N., Young, R. J.
Increasingly, problems of animal conservation are being solved with the aid of technology. One recent advance in monitoring the spatial location of wild animals is the GPS collar. In this study we evaluate the use of such technology with three wild maned wolves. In a period of 155 days our three...
A potential metric of the attractiveness of bird song to humans
Contributor(s):: Blackburn, T. M., Su, Shan, Cassey, P.
The prevalence of passerines (mostly oscines, or songbirds) in international bird trade suggests that the possession or production of a song that is attractive or desirable to people may contribute to the likelihood of a species being traded. Testing this is difficult because we lack a general...
A preliminary investigation of the effect of repeated pedestrian approaches to Weddell seals ( Leptonychotes weddellii )
Contributor(s):: Petel, T. van P., Giese, M., Hindell, M.
Repeated exposure to human activity can change the behavioural response of wildlife, having implications for management. Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) breeding close to Antarctic research stations are easily accessible and regularly visited by people. To investigate the responses of...
A preliminary study into the effectiveness of stroboscopic light as an aversive stimulus for fish
Contributor(s):: Mesquita, F. de O., Godinho, H. P., Azevedo, P. G. de, Young, R. J.
To reduce fish mortality in nature it is often necessary to expel individuals from areas modified by humans (e.g., dams) where they could be injured or killed. We tested the effectiveness of stroboscopic light as an aversive stimulus for zebrafish (Danio rerio) in captivity. We used six groups of...
A report of capture myopathy in the Tasmanian pademelon ( Thylogale billardierii)
Contributor(s):: McMahon, C. R., Wiggins, N. L., French, V., McCallum, H. I., Bowman, D.
A survey of chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes troglodytes ) and gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla ) in the selectively logged Ngotto Forest, Central African Republic
Contributor(s):: Hicks, T. C., Fouts, R. S., Fouts, D. H.
Currently, the timber company Industrie Forestiere du Batalimo is selectively logging the Ngotto Forest in the Central African Republic. The forest is home to a population of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) and gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and provides the Bofi-speaking people of...
A survey of wildlife rehabilitation in South Africa: is there a need for improved management?
Contributor(s):: Wimberger, K., Downs, C. T., Boyes, R. S.
The focus of wildlife rehabilitation is the survival of the individual animal, often leading to rehabilitators being in conflict with government wildlife officials, who regulate the industry and whose focus is on the security of entire wildlife communities. In South Africa, wildlife...
Activity in a hunted and an unhunted herd of Dall sheep
Contributor(s):: Singer, F. J., Murphy, E. C., Cooper, B. A., Laing, K. K.
The activity patterns of Dall sheep rams (Ovis dalli) of various horn size were studied during the rut in 3 herds (1 hunted and 2 unhunted). In all 3 herds, rams with horns that were superscript 3/4-curled and smaller rams were less frequently seen in ewe bands as the rut progressed. In 1 herd in...
Agonistic behaviour, responses to a novel object and some aspects of maintenance behaviour in feral-strain and domestic chickens
Contributor(s):: Rose, K. M., Wodzicka-Tomaszewska, M., Cumming, R. B.
Feral-strain fowl, bred from birds captured on North-West Island (24 degrees S, 150 degrees E), were compared with domestic chickens hatched and raised under similar conditions. There were many similarities between the feral and domestic fowl in behaviour, but there were also many differences...
Agriculture in the Slovenian transitional economy: the preservation of genetic diversity of plants and ethical consequences
Contributor(s):: Ivancic, A., Turk, J., Rozman, C., Sisko, M.
Slovene agriculture is going through drastic changes. Most of the land is still owned by small farmers. The production is oriented to the market and is based on modern Western technology. It is associated with increasing pollution and is becoming a serious threat to biodiversity. Many of the wild...
Agro-biodiversity conservation in Europe: ethical issues
Contributor(s):: Negri, V.
While it is commonly acknowledged that the ecosystemic, and the inter- and intra-specific diversity of "natural" life is under threat of being irremediably lost, there is much less awareness that the diversity in agro-ecosystems is also under threat. This paper is focused on the biodiverse...
All creatures great and minute: a public policy primer for companion animal zoonoses
Contributor(s):: Reaser, J. K., Clark, E. E., Jr., Meyers, N. M.
Approximately 63% of US households have at least one pet, a large percentage of which are considered family members. Pet owners can derive substantial physical and psychological benefits from interaction with companion animals. However, pet ownership is not without risks; zoonotic diseases are...