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  1. Jinxed lynx?

    Contributor(s):: Bekoff, M.

  2. Ranging characteristics of the domestic cat ( Felis catus) in an urban environment

    Contributor(s):: Thomas, R. L., Baker, P. J., Fellowes, M. D. E.

    In many countries, high densities of domestic cats ( Felis catus) are found in urban habitats where they have the potential to exert considerable predation pressure on their prey. However, little is known of the ranging behaviour of cats in the UK. Twenty cats in suburban Reading, UK, were fitted...

  3. The morality of the reptile "pet" trade

    Contributor(s):: Warwick, C.

    The trade in, and private keeping of, reptiles as "pets" raises several ethical concerns regarding animal welfare (associated with handling, storage, transportation, intensive captive breeding, captivity stress, injury, disease, and high premature mortality); public health and safety (associated...

  4. The role of zoos in modern society - a comparison of zoos' reported priorities and what visitors believe they should be

    Contributor(s):: Roe, K., McConney, A., Mansfield, C. F.

    Modern zoos are required to fulfill a growing number of responsibilities including scientific research, wildlife conservation, public recreation, and education. With so many roles and responsibilities and limited funds, zoos have to prioritize their activities in relation to their own specified...

  5. Can teaching veterinary and animal-science students about animal welfare affect their attitude toward animals and human-related empathy?

    Contributor(s):: Hazel, S. J., Signal, T. D., Taylor, N.

  6. A case study employing operant conditioning to reduce stress of capture for red-bellied tamarins ( Saguinus labiatus )

    Contributor(s):: Owen, Y., Amory, J. R.

    Traditional techniques used to capture New World monkeys, such as net capture, can induce high levels of acute stress detrimental to welfare. Alternatively, training nonhuman animals via operant conditioning to voluntarily participate in husbandry and/or veterinary practices is accepted as a...

  7. A comparison of Bahamian cat and dog caregivers on New Providence

    Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J.

    This article offers the first comparison of actions and attitudes of Afro-Caribbean caregivers who keep only cats or only dogs. A total of 330 Bahamian caregivers found that women primarily keep cats; men primarily keep dogs. Cat keepers were more attached to their companion animals but no more...

  8. A survey of chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes troglodytes ) and gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla ) in the selectively logged Ngotto Forest, Central African Republic

    Contributor(s):: Hicks, T. C., Fouts, R. S., Fouts, D. H.

    Currently, the timber company Industrie Forestiere du Batalimo is selectively logging the Ngotto Forest in the Central African Republic. The forest is home to a population of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) and gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and provides the Bofi-speaking people of...

  9. Assessing acute effects of trapping, handling, and tagging on the behavior of wildlife using GPS telemetry: a case study of the common brushtail possum

    Contributor(s):: Dennis, T. E., Shah, S. F.

    Trapping, handling, and deployment of tracking devices (tagging) are essential aspects of many research and conservation studies of wildlife. However, often these activities place nonhuman animals under considerable physical or psychological distress, which disrupts normal patterns of behavior...

  10. Behavior as a tool for welfare improvement and conservation management in the endangered lizard ( Gallotia bravoana )

    Contributor(s):: Mesa-Avila, G., Molina-Borja, M.

    The study assessed the behavior of Gallotia bravoana (La Gomera, Canary Islands, one of the world's most threatened reptiles) to facilitate management decisions and improve welfare during initial stages of a species' recovery plan. The study analyzed - and remote-controlled video cameras filmed -...

  11. Behavioral and hormonal consequences of transporting giant pandas from China to the United States

    Contributor(s):: Snyder, R. J., Perdue, B. M., Powell, D. M., Forthman, D. L., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.

    Zoological institutions strive to ensure the welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity. Part of this effort involves reducing the level of distress experienced by an animal to the greatest extent possible. However, some necessary zoo management practices such as transportation induce stress...

  12. Hunting restraint by Creoles at the Community Baboon Sanctuary, Belize: a preliminary survey

    Contributor(s):: Jones, C. B., Young, J.

    This study surveyed 33 male hunters between the ages of 17 and 54 years at the Community Baboon Sanctuary (CBS), Belize, to evaluate attitudes and behaviours in relation to hunting black howler monkeys (Alouatta pigra). The study defined hunting restraint as a learned predisposition not to hunt 1...

  13. Managing feral cats on a university's campuses: how many are there and is sterilization having an effect?

    Contributor(s):: Jones, A. L., Downs, C. T.

    Worldwide domestic and feral cat (Felis catus) numbers have increased. Concerns regarding high populations of feral cats in urban areas include wildlife predation, public nuisance, and disease. This study aimed to estimate the size of the feral cat population on 5 campuses of the University of...

  14. Morbidity and mortality of invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals at a major exotic companion animal wholesaler

    Contributor(s):: Ashley, S., Brown, S., Ledford, J., Martin, J., Nash, A. E., Terry, A., Tristan, T., Warwick, C.

    The authors formally investigated a major international wildlife wholesaler and subsequently confiscated more than 26,400 nonhuman animals of 171 species and types. Approximately 80% of the nonhuman animals were identified as grossly sick, injured, or dead, with the remaining in suspected...

  15. Possible costs of radio-tracking a young adult female mantled howler monkey ( Alouatta palliata ) in deciduous habitat of Costa Rican tropical dry forest

    Contributor(s):: Hilpert, A. L., Jones, C. B.

    Field experiments are required to determine the causes of the patterns identified in this report and their potential threats to the internal validity of field studies on mantled howlers. The literature on biotelemetry suggests that radio collars are likely to have deleterious effects on animals...

  16. The legal status of cats in New Zealand: a perspective on the welfare of companion, stray, and feral domestic cats ( Felis catus )

    Contributor(s):: Farnworth, M. J., Dye, N. G., Keown, N.

    Pinpointing and safeguarding the welfare status of domestic cats is problematic, especially in New Zealand where cats are introduced predators with significant impact on indigenous fauna. Usually the identification of welfare status depends on conservational, legal, and public attitudes that are...

  17. The role of behavioral research in the conservation of chimpanzees and gorillas

    Contributor(s):: Lonsdorf, E. V.

    Chimpanzees and gorillas are among man's closest living relatives, sharing most of the human genetic code and having many similarities to humans in anatomy, physiology, and behavior. Like humans, these apes make and use tools and have strong family bonds. Chimpanzees even show population-specific...

  18. Traumatic stress disorder observed in an adult wild captive wolf ( Canis lupus )

    Contributor(s):: Mallonee, J. S., Joslin, P.

    Tenino was an adult female wolf, born in the wild and placed into captivity at 1 year of age because of her participation in livestock depredation. Her method of capture, well documented, involved being darted twice by helicopter and translocated twice. This method of capture would have exposed...

  19. Visitor circulation and nonhuman animal welfare: an overlooked variable?

    Contributor(s):: Davey, G., Henzi, P.

    This article investigates visitor circulation and behaviors within a gallery of primate exhibits in relation to their possible implications for nonhuman animal welfare. When entering a primate house, the majority of visitors (84%) turned right, a pattern upheld throughout all times of the day....

  20. What's in a name? Perceptions of stray and feral cat welfare and control in Aotearoa, New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: Farnworth, M. J., Campbell, J., Adams, N. J.

    New Zealanders (n=354) rated the acceptability of lethal and nonlethal cat control methods and the importance of conservation and welfare. Lethal control was more acceptable for feral cats than strays; for nonlethal control, the inverse was true. More than concern for the welfare of cats...