The welfare of an unwanted guest in an urban environment: the case of the white-eared opossum (Didelphis albiventris)
Contributor(s):: Souza, C. S. A., Teixeira, C. P., Young, R. J.
Wandering cats: attitudes and behaviors towards cat containment in Australia
Contributor(s):: Toukhsati, S. R., Young, E., Bennett, P. C., Coleman, G. J.
From "one medicine" to "one health" and systemic approaches to health and well-being
Contributor(s):: Zinsstag, J., Schelling, E., Waltner-Toews, D., Tanner, M.
Faced with complex patterns of global change, the inextricable interconnection of humans, pet animals, livestock and wildlife and their social and ecological environment is evident and requires integrated approaches to human and animal health and their respective social and environmental...
When wildlife tourism goes wrong: a case study of stakeholder and management issues regarding Dingoes on Fraser Island, Australia
Contributor(s):: Burns, G. L., Howard, P.
Images on brochures, web pages and postcards lead to an expectation by tourists and visitors that interaction with Dingoes (Canis lupus Dingo) will be part of their Fraser Island experience in Australia. However, as the number of tourists to the island increase, so do the reports of Dingo...
Latitudinal variation in diet and patterns of human interaction in the marine otter
Contributor(s):: Mangel, J. C., Whitty, T., Medina-Vogel, G., Alfaro-Shigueto, J., Caceres, C., Godley, B. J.
The marine otter (Lontra felina) inhabits patches of rocky coastline from central Peru to southern Chile and is classified as Endangered by the IUCN. Given the limited information available about the species, we set out to assess marine otter diet with a view to detecting latitudinal differences,...
Agriculture in the Slovenian transitional economy: the preservation of genetic diversity of plants and ethical consequences
Contributor(s):: Ivancic, A., Turk, J., Rozman, C., Sisko, M.
Slovene agriculture is going through drastic changes. Most of the land is still owned by small farmers. The production is oriented to the market and is based on modern Western technology. It is associated with increasing pollution and is becoming a serious threat to biodiversity. Many of the wild...
Agro-biodiversity conservation in Europe: ethical issues
Contributor(s):: Negri, V.
While it is commonly acknowledged that the ecosystemic, and the inter- and intra-specific diversity of "natural" life is under threat of being irremediably lost, there is much less awareness that the diversity in agro-ecosystems is also under threat. This paper is focused on the biodiverse...
Animal welfare and organic aquaculture in open systems
Contributor(s):: Cottee, S. Y., Petersan, P.
The principles of organic farming espouse a holistic approach to agriculture that promotes sustainable and harmonious relationships amongst the natural environment, plants and animals, as well as regard for animals' physiological and behavioral needs. However, open aquaculture systems - both...
Conservation or preservation? A qualitative study of the conceptual foundations of natural resource management
Contributor(s):: Minteer, B. A., Corley, E. A.
Few disputes in the annals of US environmentalism enjoy the pedigree of the conservation-preservation debate. Yet, although many scholars have written extensively on the meaning and history of conservation and preservation in American environmental thought and practice, the resonance of these...
Convergence of culture, ecology, and ethics: management of feral swamp buffalo in Northern Australia
Contributor(s):: Albrecht, G., McMahon, C. R., Bowman, D. M. J. S., Bradshaw, C. J. A.
This paper examines the identity of Asian swamp buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) from different value orientations. Buffalo were introduced into Northern (Top End) Australia in the early nineteenth century. A team of transdisciplinary researchers, including an ethicist, has been engaged in field...
Critical impact assessment of organic agriculture
Contributor(s):: Xie, Biao, Wang, XiaoRong, Ding, ZhuHong, Yang, YaPing
Based on its production guideline, organic agriculture has set for itself the goals of minimizing all forms of pollution and maintaining sustainability of the farming system. By striving for these goals, organic farming meets the demands of an increasing number of consumers who are critical of...
Dynamic mutual adaptation: human-animal interaction in reindeer herding pastoralism
Contributor(s):: Istomin, K. V., Dwyer, M. J.
Environmental implications of the erosion of cultural taboo practices in Awka-South local government area of Anambra State, Nigeria: 1. Forests, trees, and water resource preservation
Contributor(s):: Anoliefo, G. O., Isikhuemhen, O. S., Ochije, N. R.
Cultural taboos and their sanctions have helped to check abuse of the environment at least among the local people. The disregard for these traditional checks and balances especially among Christians has adversely affected their enforcement at this time. The environment and culture preservation in...
Ethical considerations in agro-biodiversity research, collecting, and use
Contributor(s):: Engels, J. M. M., Dempewolf, H., Henson-Apollonio, V.
Humans have always played a crucial role in the evolutionary dynamics of agricultural biodiversity and thus there is a strong relationship between these resources and human cultures. These agricultural resources have long been treated as a global public good, and constitute the livelihoods of...
Ethical opportunities in global agriculture, fisheries, and forestry: the role for FAO
Contributor(s):: Macer, D. R. J., Bhardwaj, M., Maekawa, F., Niimura, Y.
A broad range of ethical issues in agriculture, fisheries, and forestry were identified by analysis of the literature and by interviews with Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) staff. Issues include: sharing access to and preserving natural resources; introduction of new technology;...
Evolution of the stewardship idea in American country life
Contributor(s):: Wunderlich, G.
This paper describes development of the idea of stewardship in the US country life. Theological and secular concepts of stewardship evolved markedly in the 20th century. During this period of evolution, the American Country Life Association through its church, academic, farm organization, and...
From environmental ethics to nature conservation policy: Natura 2000 and the burden of proof
Contributor(s):: Rosa, H. D., Silva, J. M. da
Natura 2000 is a network of natural sites whose aim is to preserve species and habitats of relevance in the European Union. The policy underlying Natura 2000 has faced widespread opposition from land users and received extensive support from environmentalists. This paper addresses the ethical...
Indicators of biodiversity and conservational wildlife quality on Danish organic farms for use in farm management: a multidisciplinary approach to indicator development and testing
Contributor(s):: Noe, E., Halberg, N., Reddersen, J.
Organic farming is expected to contribute to conserving national biodiversity on farms, especially remnant, old, and undisturbed small biotopes, forests, and permanent grassland. This objective cannot rely on the legislation of organic farming solely, and to succeed, farmers need to understand...
Maize: the Native North American's legacy of cultural diversity and biodiversity
Contributor(s):: Wertz, S. K.
Recent research has focused on establishing the values of preserving biodiversity both in agriculture and in less managed ecosystems, and in showing the importance of the role of cultural diversity in preserving biodiversity in food production systems. A study of the philosophy embedded in...
Moving beyond strawmen and artificial dichotomies: adaptive management when an endangered species uses an invasive one
Contributor(s):: Simberloff, D.
Evans et al. (Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 2008) have attempted to enmesh me in their dispute with the Florida Bureau of Invasive Plant Management about a specific system, Kings Bay/Crystal River. In so doing, they repeatedly mischaracterize my positions in order to depict,...