Militarizing Affection: The Making of the Military Working Dog Team
Contributor(s):: Drake, Ashley Elizabeth
Is genetically modified food unnatural?
Contributor(s):: Siipi, H.
This paper argues for the following four claims: (a) the terms "natural" and "unnatural" are ambiguous. (b) Genetically modified food is unnatural in some senses of the term "unnatural". (c) Natural food should be favored over unnatural food in some senses of the terms "natural" and "unnatural"....
Freedom of cropping and the good life: political philosophy and the conflict between the organic movement and the biotech industry over cross-contamination
Contributor(s):: Scott, D.
This paper begins by describing recent controversies over cross-contamination of crops in the United States and European Union. The EU and US are both applying the principle of freedom of cropping to resolve these conflicts, which is based on an individualistic philosophy. However, despite the EU...
Selected papers from Mistra Workshop on Ethical Issues in New Biotechnology in Agriculture, Uppsala, Sweden, 11 September 2013
| Contributor(s):: Sandin, P., Moula, P.
This selection of three papers addresses ethical issues concerning agricultural biotechnology. The first paper argues that GM food is not necessarily unnatural in a sense that would offer a good reason for favoring food that is not GM. The second paper examines the public debate about GMO...
Ethics of dissent: a plea for restraint in the scientific debate about the safety of GM crops
| Contributor(s):: Mampuys, R., Brom, F. W. A.
Results of studies that cast doubt on the safety of genetically modified (GM) crops have been published since the first GM crop approval for commercial release. These 'alarming studies' challenge the dominant view about the adequacy of current risk assessment practice for genetically modified...
Pragmatist philosophical reflections on GMOs
| Contributor(s):: Heldke, L.
This essay examines the public debate about the agricultural biotechnologies known as genetically modified organisms, as that debate is being carried out in its most dichotomizing forms in the United States. It attempts to reveal the power of sharply dichotomous thinking, as well as its limits....
Public perceptions of the ethics of in-vitro meat: determining an appropriate course of action
| Contributor(s):: Laestadius, L. I.
While in vitro animal meat (IVM) is not yet commercially available, the public has already begun to form opinions of IVM as a result of news stories and events drawing attention to its development. As such, we can discern public perceptions of the ethics of IVM before its commercial release. This...
Is dandelion rubber more natural? Naturalness, biotechnology and the transition towards a bio-based society
| Contributor(s):: Zwart, H., Krabbenborg, L., Zwier, J.
In the unfolding debate on the prospects, challenges and viability of the imminent transition towards a 'Bio-Based Society' (BBS) or 'Bio-based Economy' - i.e. the replacement of fossil fuels by biomass as a basic resource for the production of energy, materials and food, 'big' concepts tend to...
GM crops, the hubris argument and the nature of agriculture
| Contributor(s):: Moula, P.
In this paper, I investigate the moral status of agricultural biotechnology and, more specifically, genetically modified (GM) crops by employing the hubris argument. The old notion of hubris, given to us by the ancient Greeks, provides a narrative from which we can understand ourselves and...
Moral steaks? Ethical discourses of in vitro meat in academia and Australia
| Contributor(s):: Dilworth, T., McGregor, A.
The profile and possibilities of in vitro meat are rapidly expanding, creating new ethical conundrums about how to approach this nascent biotechnology. The outcomes of these ethical debates will shape the future viability of this technology and its acceptability for potential consumers. In this...
The leading Canadian NGOs' discourse on fish farming: from ecocentric intuitions to biocentric solutions
| Contributor(s):: Pigeon, L. E., Letourneau, L.
The development of the aquaculture industry in Canada has triggered a conflict of a scope never seen before. As stated in Young and Matthews' The Aquaculture Controversy, this debate has "mushroomed over the past several decades to become one of the most bitter and stubborn face-offs over...
Do hypoallergenic cats and dogs exist?
| Contributor(s):: Butt, Ahmed, Rashid, Daanish, Lockey, Richard F.
Assessment: effects of porcine zona pellucida immunocontraception on oestrous cyclicity in feral horses
| Contributor(s):: Powell, D. M., Monfort, S. L.
The following study used noninvasive faecal hormone monitoring to assess whether contraception with porcine zona pellucida (PZP) had an impact on oestrous cycle characteristics in a herd of feral horses living on Assateague Island, Maryland. The study assayed longitudinal faecal samples,...
Dolly's deceiving perfection: biotechnology, animal welfare, and ethics
| Contributor(s):: Hoog, A. V., Cock Buning, T. de, Hazekamp, A.
New biotechnological inventions demand a different way of monitoring experiments for possible nonhuman animal welfare problems. Only with such a monitoring system in place will review committees be able to render good judgments on new experiments. Nuclear transfer cloning serves as a clear...
New dog: old tricks
| Contributor(s):: Greene, M.
In this article, the author examines the strategy underlying the code of ethical practice established by Genetic Savings & Clone (GSC) as they progressed toward commerical cloning of campanion animals.
Phenotype characterization and welfare assessment of transgenic rodents (mice)
| Contributor(s):: Mertens, C., Rulicke, T.
Methods of transgenesis in vertebrate animals in the laboratory involve the stable addition or selective substitution of defined genes into the germline. Although there is a continuous and remarkable development in transgenic technology-the quality of transgenes, gene-targeting vectors, and...
Constructing the Biotech Nonhuman Animal: Instrumentalism and Ambivalence
| Contributor(s):: Ung-Lanki, S.
Re-taking care: open source biotech in light of the need to deproletarianize agricultural innovation
| Contributor(s):: Lemmens, P.
This article deals with the biotechnology revolution in agriculture and analyzes it in terms of Bernard Stiegler's theory of techno-evolution and his thesis that technologies have an intrinsically pharmacological nature, meaning that they can be both supportive and destructive for sociotechnical...
Stakeholders' perceptions of GM technology in West Africa: assessing the responses of policymakers and scientists in Ghana and Nigeria
| Contributor(s):: Adenle, A. A.
The perception of two key stakeholders such as policymakers and scientists on genetic modification (GM) technology was examined in Ghana and Nigeria using semi-structured interviews. A total sample of 20 policymakers (16 at ministries and 4 at parliament/cabinet) and 58 scientists (43 at research...
Organization and expression of canine olfactory receptor genes
| Contributor(s):: Issel-Tarver, L., Rine, J.
Four members of the canine olfactory receptor gene family were characterized. The predicted proteins shared 40-64% identity with previously identified olfactory receptors. The four subfamilies identified in Southern hybridization experiments had as few as 2 and as many as 20 members. All four...