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  1. Survey of Veterinarians Using a Novel Physical Compression Squeeze Procedure in the Management of Neonatal Maladjustment Syndrome in Foals

    Contributor(s):: Monica Aleman, Kalie M. Weich, John E. Madigan

    Horses are a precocious species that must accomplish several milestones that are critical to survival in the immediate post-birth period for their survival. One essential milestone is the successful transition from the intrauterine unconsciousness to an extrauterine state of consciousness or...

  2. A National Census of Birth Weight in Purebred Dogs in Italy

    Contributor(s):: Debora Groppetti, Alessandro Pecile, Clara Palestrini, Stefano P Marelli, Patrizia Boracchi

    Despite increasing professionalism in dog breeding, the physiological range of birth weight in this species remains unclear. Low birth weight can predispose to neonatal mortality and growth deficiencies in humans. To date, the influence of the morphotype on birth weight has never been studied in...

  3. Associations between milk intake and activity in the first days of a calf's life and later growth and health

    Contributor(s):: Passille, A. M. de, Rabeyrin, M., Rushen, J.

    We examined whether calves' milk intake and activity in the days after birth predict later growth and the risk of illness. Female Holstein calves ( n=130) were housed in individual pens where they were allowed ad libitum milk from birth to 5 days of age. Daily milk intakes were recorded and...

  4. Short-term ante-calving handling of dairy heifers in relation to heifers' behaviour and udder health after parturition

    Contributor(s):: Ivemeyer, S., Pisani, M., Knierim, U.

    The novelty of being handled during milking contributes to peripartum stress in dairy heifers with possibly adverse effects on their well-being and health. The present study investigated (1) heifers' behavioural responses to handling over the course of four standardized handling sessions and (2)...

  5. Behaviour, wounds, weight loss and adrenal weight of rabbit does as affected by semi-group housing

    Contributor(s):: Buijs, S., Maertens, L., Hermans, K., Vangeyte, J., Tuyttens, F. A. M.

    Group housing is often assumed to improve the welfare of gregarious species. Whether this is actually the case depends on the advantages (e.g. more opportunity for social and locomotor behaviour) and disadvantages (e.g. increased fighting and wounding) induced by the specific housing type. We...

  6. Evidence for litter differences in play behaviour in pre-weaned pigs

    Contributor(s):: Brown, S. M., Klaffenbock, M., Nevison, I. M., Lawrence, A. B.

    The aim of this study was to analyse spontaneous play behaviour in litters of domestic pigs ( Sus scrofa) for sources of variation at individual and litter levels and to relate variation in play to measures of pre and postnatal development. Seven litters of commercially bred piglets ( n=70) were...

  7. Mother-young behaviours at lambing in grazing ewes: effects of lamb sex and food restriction in pregnancy

    Contributor(s):: Freitas-De-Melo, A., Ungerfeld, R., Hotzel, M. J., Abud, M. J., Alvarez-Oxiley, A., Orihuela, A., Damian, J. P., Perez-Clariget, R.

    This study investigated whether the level of pasture allowance from before conception until late pregnancy affects ewe-lamb behaviours at birth, and if those behaviours differ according to the sex of the lambs. We performed two experiments, in which 96 ewes were assigned to one of two nutritional...

  8. Pregnant cattle associations and links to maternal reciprocity

    Contributor(s):: Swain, D. L., Patison, K. P., Heath, B. M., Bishop-Hurley, G. J., Finger, A.

    Cattle are a highly gregarious species that form strong social connections. Social support following calving serves to increase offspring survival and conception rates for the following breeding season. It has been shown that cattle change their association preferences following calving, but the...

  9. Best Articles Relevant to Pediatric Allergy, Asthma and Immunology

  10. Effect of different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake on piglets' growth and mortality

    Contributor(s):: Muns, R., Manteca, X., Gasa, J.

    An experiment was conducted to study the effect four different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake had on piglet and litter performance. Treatments were performed on piglets born weighing 1.30 kg or less (SP) within 6 h of birth: control group (CON); split-nursing of the litter for...

  11. Strategic use of straw increases nest building in loose housed farrowing sows

    Contributor(s):: Westin, R., Hultgren, J., Algers, B.

    In spite of domestication, sows are still genetically programmed to perform nesting behaviour close to farrowing. In order to facilitate nest building, a method for a strategic use of large quantities of straw has been developed by Swedish piglet producing farmers. The objectives of the present...

  12. The reliability of welfare assessment according to the WelFur-protocol in the nursing period of mink (Neovison vison) is challenged by increasing welfare problems prior to weaning

    Contributor(s):: Henriksen, B. I. F., Moller, S. H.

    The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that the body condition of the mink dam, the frequency of dirty nests, frequency of injuries and diarrhoea change significantly with the day of assessment, post-partum, within the data collection period from parturition to weaning,...

  13. Prenatal dog-keeping practices vary by race: speculations on implications for disparities in childhood health and disease

    Contributor(s):: Ezell, J. M., Cassidy-Bushrow, A. E., Havstad, S., Joseph, C. L. M., Wegienka, G., Jones, K., Ownby, D. R., Johnson, C. C.

  14. Does Pet-Keeping Modify the Association of Delivery Mode with Offspring Body Size?

    Contributor(s):: Cassidy-Bushrow, Andrea, Wegienka, Ganesa, Havstad, Suzanne, Levin, Albert, Lynch, Susan, Ownby, Dennis, Rundle, Andrew, Woodcroft, Kimberley, Zoratti, Edward, Johnson, Christine

  15. Pijariurniq: Inuit performances and rituals of the first time

    Contributor(s):: Saladin d'Anglure, Bernard

  16. Pet ownership is associated with increased risk of non-atopic asthma and reduced risk of atopy in childhood: findings from a UK birth cohort

    Contributor(s):: Collin, S. M., Granell, R., Westgarth, C., Murray, J., Paul, E., Sterne, J. A., John Henderson, A.

  17. Effect of pre- and post-partum sow activity on maternal behaviour and piglet weight gain 24 h after birth

    Contributor(s):: Illmann, G., Chaloupkova, H., Neuhauserova, K.

    Within the 24 h prior to parturition sows are active and motivated to perform nest-building behaviour. The aim of this study was to investigate: (i) whether pre-partum activity (e.g. nesting and postural changes) could predict maternal behaviour 24 h post-partum (pp) and weight gain 24 h pp, and...

  18. Effects of prepartum housing environment on abnormal behaviour, the farrowing process, and interactions with circulating oxytocin in sows

    Contributor(s):: Yun, JinHyeon, Swan, K. M., Oliviero, C., Peltoniemi, O., Valros, A.

    We evaluated the effects on sows of prepartum housing environment on bar-biting (BB) behaviour prior to parturition, farrowing duration from first to tenth piglets, litter size, and circulating oxytocin (OT) concentrations during birth of the first five piglets. A total of 35 sows, approximately...

  19. Guidance for puppy owners

    Contributor(s):: Hedges, S.

    The advantages of behavioural guidance from veterinary practice was discussed. Highlights focused on the behavioural management, care, and training of puppies.

  20. Prepartum nest-building has an impact on postpartum nursing performance and maternal behaviour in early lactating sows

    Contributor(s):: Yun, JinHyeon, Swan, K. M., Farmer, C., Oliviero, C., Peltoniemi, O., Valros, A.

    The effects of facilitating prepartum nest-building (NB) behaviour, by providing abundant nesting materials, on postpartum maternal characteristics in early lactating sows were evaluated. A total of 35 sows, approximately seven days before the expected parturition date, were housed in: (1) CRATE...