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  1. Public perspectives on strays and companion animal management in Malaysia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Munir, S. M. I., Mokhtar, M. I., Arham, A. F.

    Strays and companion animal management is a sensitive issue in Malaysia that incites solid and conflicting views. Through structured questionnaires administered to a random sample of 704 respondents, this study explored public opinion on a) causes of the stray animal population, b) the...

  2. Environmental risk factors in puppies and kittens for developing chronic disorders in adulthood: A call for research on developmental programming

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gaillard, Virginie, Chastant, Sylvie, England, Gary, Forman, Oliver, German, Alexander J., Suchodolski, Jan S., Villaverde, Cecilia, Chavatte-Palmer, Pascale, Peron, Franck

    Many dogs and cats are affected by chronic diseases that significantly impact their health and welfare and relationships with humans. Some of these diseases can be challenging to treat, and a better understanding of early-life risk factors for diseases occurring in adulthood is key to improving...

  3. Accelerometer derived rumination monitoring detects changes in behaviour around parturition

    | Contributor(s):: Chang, Anita Z., Fogarty, Eloise S., Swain, David L., García-Guerra, Alvaro, Trotter, Mark G.

    Monitoring cattle for parturition is a labour-intensive task that is often not feasible in extensive environments. On-animal sensors, however, provide a means of remotely monitoring animals, without the labour requirements of traditional observation. This paper explores the use of a rumination...

  4. Ultrasonographic examination of equine fetal growth parameters throughout gestation in pony for Equine-Assisted Therapy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gao, Y., Hannan, M. A., Murata, K., Rajabi-Toustani, R., Nambo, Y.

    Equine-Assisted Therapy (EAT) is gaining popularity. Ultrasound examination is used to decrease the abortion rate in horses. In this study, to monitor fetal well-being throughout the gestation for EAT, we measured fetal heart rate (FHR), fetal eye orbit (FEO), fetal gonad length (FGL), fetal...

  5. Does weight matter? Exploring links between birth weight, growth and pig-directed manipulative behaviour in growing-finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Valros, Anna, Sali, Virpi, Hälli, Outi, Saari, Sini, Heinonen, Mari

  6. Mismothering and remedying the mother-young relationship in stabled dromedary camels

    | Contributor(s):: Hammadi, Imen, Chniter, Mohamed, Brahmi, Marwa, Atigui, Moufida, Bouzaida, Mohamed Dhia, Seddik, Mouldi-Mabrouk, Nowak, Raymond, María, Gustavo Adolfo, Hammadi, Mohamed

  7. Evaluation of the tri-axial accelerometer to identify and predict parturition-related activities of Debouillet ewes in an intensive setting

    | Contributor(s):: Gurule, Sara C., Tobin, Colin T., Bailey, Derek W., Hernandez Gifford, Jennifer A.

    Identifying and monitoring parturition of individual animals may help producers increase attentiveness, enabling early detection of dystocia during parturition. Parturition events are marked by subtle behavioral changes often difficult to detect by observation alone. The aim of this study was to...

  8. Context-related variation in the peripartum vocalisations and phonatory behaviours of Holstein-Friesian dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Green, Alexandra C., Clark, Cameron E. F., Lomax, Sabrina, Favaro, Livio, Reby, David

    Context-related information can be reflected within mammalian vocalisations and could in turn be studied to benefit production animals. Whilst previous research has revealed the contextual, and even emotional content of goat, pig and horse vocalisations, cattle vocalisations remain relatively...

  9. Pedometers as supervision tools for mares in the prepartal period

    | Contributor(s):: Bachmann, Martin, Wensch-Dorendorf, Monika, Hoffmann, Gundula, Steinhöfel, Ilka, Bothendorf, Steffen, Kemper, Nicole

    To assess the practical use of pedometers as supervision tools in the equine prepartal period, two types, IceQube®- and ALT-sensors, were tested. Nine mares were randomly fitted with devices of the respective types on the front legs (ALT: n=9, IceQube®: n=7), and with an IceQube®-sensor on a neck...

  10. Administration of a NSAID (meloxicam) affects lying behaviour after caesarean section in beef cows

    | Contributor(s):: Barrier, Alice C., Coombs, Tamsin M., Dwyer, Cathy M., Haskell, Marie J., Goby, Laurent

    Very little is known about the pain experienced by cattle following caesarean section and hence little consideration has been given to managing it. Thus the purpose of this study was to investigate activity-related behavioural changes in response to pain, by pre-emptively administering a long...

  11. Parturition progress and behaviours in dairy cows with calving difficulty

    | Contributor(s):: Barrier, Alice C., Haskell, Marie J., Macrae, Alastair I., Dwyer, Cathy M.

    The welfare of dairy cows and their calves is compromised following a difficult calving. A better understanding of what happens during a difficult calving is needed to help prevent and alleviate adverse consequences through early diagnosis and/or pain mitigation. The objectives of this study were...

  12. Pain and discomfort caused by parturition in cows and sows

    | Contributor(s):: Mainau, Eva, Manteca, Xavier

    This review focuses on parturition as a painful process in cows and sows. Firstly, the different stages of parturition associated to the origin and transmission of pain stimuli are described. Hypoalgesia during the late pregnancy and parturition has been shown, perhaps as an endogenous defence...

  13. Early environmental enrichment protects captive-born striped mice against the later development of stereotypic behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Jones, Megan Anne, Mason, Georgia, Pillay, Neville

    Understanding how birth origin (whether born in the wild or captivity) influences behavioural development is important for fundamental and applied ethology, especially when captive-bred (CB) individuals from wild species are used in research or conservation. CB animals are typically much more...

  14. Changes in the behaviour of dairy cows during the 24h before normal calving compared with behaviour during late pregnancy

    | Contributor(s):: Miedema, Hanna M., Cockram, Michael S., Dwyer, Cathy M., Macrae, Alastair I.

    Dairy cows require individual monitoring around the time of calving to identify any calving difficulties or health problems as early as possible. To assist with the monitoring of parturition, it would be beneficial to understand the behaviour of dairy cows that is associated with normal calving....

  15. Behavioural predictors of the start of normal and dystocic calving in dairy cows and heifers

    | Contributor(s):: Miedema, Hanna M., Cockram, Michael S., Dwyer, Cathy M., Macrae, Alastair I.

    The individual monitoring of dairy cows around the time of calving is important to identify calving difficulties or health problems as early as possible. This study aims to identify whether there are differences in the behaviour before calving, between heifers and cows, and between those that are...

  16. Behaviour around the time of calving in dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Jensen, Margit Bak

    The aim of this study was to investigate behavioural changes before and after calving in dairy cows in order to describe behavioural signs of imminent calving and of cows’ recovery after calving. Thirty-two multiparous Danish Holstein Frisian cows with an unassisted calving were studied from 96h...

  17. Identifying risk factors for canine dystocia and stillbirths

    | Contributor(s):: Cornelius, A. J., Moxon, R., Russenberger, J., Havlena, B., Cheong, S. H.

  18. A single dose of ketoprofen in the immediate postpartum period has the potential to improve dairy calf welfare in the first 48 h of life

    | Contributor(s):: Gladden, Nicola, Ellis, Kathryn, Martin, Jessica, Viora, Lorenzo, McKeegan, Dorothy

    The welfare impact of birth on newborn calves has rarely been studied. Dystocia in particular may have significant welfare costs for calves. While analgesia is sometimes provided to calves born to difficult parturition by veterinary surgeons in practice, it is not known if this is actually...

  19. Testing post-weaning food motivation in low and normal birth weight pigs in a runway and operant conditioning task

    | Contributor(s):: van Eck, L. M., Antonides, A., Nordquist, R. E., van der Staay, F. J.

    Low birth weight (LBW) pigs face more welfare challenges than their normal birth weight (NBW) siblings. Understanding the underlying mechanisms of cognitive and learning abilities in these pigs may help to improve their welfare. Early competition in life over resources, combined with the higher...

  20. Effects of loose housing and the provision of alternative nesting material on peri-partum sow behaviour and piglet survival

    | Contributor(s):: Bolhuis, J. E., Raats-van den Boogaard, A. M. E., Hoofs, A. I. J., Soede, N. M.

    Sows are strongly motivated to perform nestbuilding behaviour before parturition. This behaviour is often restricted in commercial systems due to confinement of the sow and lack of suitable nesting material to be used on slatted floors. This study aimed to investigate effects of loose vs. crated...