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  1. Evaluation of the tri-axial accelerometer to identify and predict parturition-related activities of Debouillet ewes in an intensive setting

    Contributor(s):: Gurule, Sara C., Tobin, Colin T., Bailey, Derek W., Hernandez Gifford, Jennifer A.

  2. Context-related variation in the peripartum vocalisations and phonatory behaviours of Holstein-Friesian dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Green, Alexandra C., Clark, Cameron E. F., Lomax, Sabrina, Favaro, Livio, Reby, David

    Context-related information can be reflected within mammalian vocalisations and could in turn be studied to benefit production animals. Whilst previous research has revealed the contextual, and even emotional content of goat, pig and horse vocalisations, cattle vocalisations remain relatively...

  3. Pedometers as supervision tools for mares in the prepartal period

    Contributor(s):: Bachmann, Martin, Wensch-Dorendorf, Monika, Hoffmann, Gundula, Steinhöfel, Ilka, Bothendorf, Steffen, Kemper, Nicole

    To assess the practical use of pedometers as supervision tools in the equine prepartal period, two types, IceQube®- and ALT-sensors, were tested. Nine mares were randomly fitted with devices of the respective types on the front legs (ALT: n=9, IceQube®: n=7), and with an IceQube®-sensor on a neck...

  4. Administration of a NSAID (meloxicam) affects lying behaviour after caesarean section in beef cows

    Contributor(s):: Barrier, Alice C., Coombs, Tamsin M., Dwyer, Cathy M., Haskell, Marie J., Goby, Laurent

    Very little is known about the pain experienced by cattle following caesarean section and hence little consideration has been given to managing it. Thus the purpose of this study was to investigate activity-related behavioural changes in response to pain, by pre-emptively administering a long...

  5. Parturition progress and behaviours in dairy cows with calving difficulty

    Contributor(s):: Barrier, Alice C., Haskell, Marie J., Macrae, Alastair I., Dwyer, Cathy M.

    The welfare of dairy cows and their calves is compromised following a difficult calving. A better understanding of what happens during a difficult calving is needed to help prevent and alleviate adverse consequences through early diagnosis and/or pain mitigation. The objectives of this study were...

  6. Pain and discomfort caused by parturition in cows and sows

    Contributor(s):: Mainau, Eva, Manteca, Xavier

    This review focuses on parturition as a painful process in cows and sows. Firstly, the different stages of parturition associated to the origin and transmission of pain stimuli are described. Hypoalgesia during the late pregnancy and parturition has been shown, perhaps as an endogenous defence...

  7. Early environmental enrichment protects captive-born striped mice against the later development of stereotypic behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Jones, Megan Anne, Mason, Georgia, Pillay, Neville

    Understanding how birth origin (whether born in the wild or captivity) influences behavioural development is important for fundamental and applied ethology, especially when captive-bred (CB) individuals from wild species are used in research or conservation. CB animals are typically much more...

  8. Changes in the behaviour of dairy cows during the 24h before normal calving compared with behaviour during late pregnancy

    Contributor(s):: Miedema, Hanna M., Cockram, Michael S., Dwyer, Cathy M., Macrae, Alastair I.

    Dairy cows require individual monitoring around the time of calving to identify any calving difficulties or health problems as early as possible. To assist with the monitoring of parturition, it would be beneficial to understand the behaviour of dairy cows that is associated with normal calving....

  9. Behavioural predictors of the start of normal and dystocic calving in dairy cows and heifers

    Contributor(s):: Miedema, Hanna M., Cockram, Michael S., Dwyer, Cathy M., Macrae, Alastair I.

    The individual monitoring of dairy cows around the time of calving is important to identify calving difficulties or health problems as early as possible. This study aims to identify whether there are differences in the behaviour before calving, between heifers and cows, and between those that are...

  10. Behaviour around the time of calving in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, Margit Bak

    The aim of this study was to investigate behavioural changes before and after calving in dairy cows in order to describe behavioural signs of imminent calving and of cows’ recovery after calving. Thirty-two multiparous Danish Holstein Frisian cows with an unassisted calving were studied from 96h...

  11. Identifying risk factors for canine dystocia and stillbirths

    Contributor(s):: Cornelius, A. J., Moxon, R., Russenberger, J., Havlena, B., Cheong, S. H.

  12. A single dose of ketoprofen in the immediate postpartum period has the potential to improve dairy calf welfare in the first 48 h of life

    Contributor(s):: Gladden, Nicola, Ellis, Kathryn, Martin, Jessica, Viora, Lorenzo, McKeegan, Dorothy

    The welfare impact of birth on newborn calves has rarely been studied. Dystocia in particular may have significant welfare costs for calves. While analgesia is sometimes provided to calves born to difficult parturition by veterinary surgeons in practice, it is not known if this is actually...

  13. Testing post-weaning food motivation in low and normal birth weight pigs in a runway and operant conditioning task

    Contributor(s):: van Eck, L. M., Antonides, A., Nordquist, R. E., van der Staay, F. J.

    Low birth weight (LBW) pigs face more welfare challenges than their normal birth weight (NBW) siblings. Understanding the underlying mechanisms of cognitive and learning abilities in these pigs may help to improve their welfare. Early competition in life over resources, combined with the higher...

  14. Effects of loose housing and the provision of alternative nesting material on peri-partum sow behaviour and piglet survival

    Contributor(s):: Bolhuis, J. E., Raats-van den Boogaard, A. M. E., Hoofs, A. I. J., Soede, N. M.

    Sows are strongly motivated to perform nestbuilding behaviour before parturition. This behaviour is often restricted in commercial systems due to confinement of the sow and lack of suitable nesting material to be used on slatted floors. This study aimed to investigate effects of loose vs. crated...

  15. Survey of Veterinarians Using a Novel Physical Compression Squeeze Procedure in the Management of Neonatal Maladjustment Syndrome in Foals

    Contributor(s):: Monica Aleman, Kalie M. Weich, John E. Madigan

    Horses are a precocious species that must accomplish several milestones that are critical to survival in the immediate post-birth period for their survival. One essential milestone is the successful transition from the intrauterine unconsciousness to an extrauterine state of consciousness or...

  16. A National Census of Birth Weight in Purebred Dogs in Italy

    Contributor(s):: Debora Groppetti, Alessandro Pecile, Clara Palestrini, Stefano P Marelli, Patrizia Boracchi

    Despite increasing professionalism in dog breeding, the physiological range of birth weight in this species remains unclear. Low birth weight can predispose to neonatal mortality and growth deficiencies in humans. To date, the influence of the morphotype on birth weight has never been studied in...

  17. Short-term ante-calving handling of dairy heifers in relation to heifers' behaviour and udder health after parturition

    Contributor(s):: Ivemeyer, S., Pisani, M., Knierim, U.

    The novelty of being handled during milking contributes to peripartum stress in dairy heifers with possibly adverse effects on their well-being and health. The present study investigated (1) heifers' behavioural responses to handling over the course of four standardized handling sessions and (2)...

  18. Behaviour, wounds, weight loss and adrenal weight of rabbit does as affected by semi-group housing

    Contributor(s):: Buijs, S., Maertens, L., Hermans, K., Vangeyte, J., Tuyttens, F. A. M.

    Group housing is often assumed to improve the welfare of gregarious species. Whether this is actually the case depends on the advantages (e.g. more opportunity for social and locomotor behaviour) and disadvantages (e.g. increased fighting and wounding) induced by the specific housing type. We...

  19. Evidence for litter differences in play behaviour in pre-weaned pigs

    Contributor(s):: Brown, S. M., Klaffenbock, M., Nevison, I. M., Lawrence, A. B.

    The aim of this study was to analyse spontaneous play behaviour in litters of domestic pigs ( Sus scrofa) for sources of variation at individual and litter levels and to relate variation in play to measures of pre and postnatal development. Seven litters of commercially bred piglets ( n=70) were...

  20. Mother-young behaviours at lambing in grazing ewes: effects of lamb sex and food restriction in pregnancy

    Contributor(s):: Freitas-De-Melo, A., Ungerfeld, R., Hotzel, M. J., Abud, M. J., Alvarez-Oxiley, A., Orihuela, A., Damian, J. P., Perez-Clariget, R.

    This study investigated whether the level of pasture allowance from before conception until late pregnancy affects ewe-lamb behaviours at birth, and if those behaviours differ according to the sex of the lambs. We performed two experiments, in which 96 ewes were assigned to one of two nutritional...