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  1. A Study of Dog Bites and their Prevention

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nelly N. Lakestani

    Previous studies have suggested that children are more at risk of suffering from serious dog bite injuries than adults. In order to generate an overview of characteristics of dog bite victims in Europe, different organisations collecting data on injuries at a national level were contacted in a...

  2. Stereotypic behaviour in horses lowers stress but not spatial learning performance

    | Contributor(s):: Briefer Freymond, S., Beuret, S., Ruet, A., Zuberbühler, K., Bachmann, I., Briefer, E. F.

    Stereotypies are common in captive animals, but it remains unclear if they are pathological by-products of captive conditions or if they have an adaptive function. Here, we address this question using crib-biting, a common type of stereotypic behaviour in domestic horses, thought to result from...

  3. Awareness of rabies and response to dog bites in a Bangladesh community

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sumon Ghosh, Sukanta Chowdhury, Najmul Haider, Rajub K. Bhowmik, Md. S. Rana, Aung S. Prue Marma, Muhammad B. Hossain, Nitish C. Debnath, Be-Nazir Ahmed

    Community awareness regarding rabies and treatment seeking behaviours are critical both for the prevention and control of the disease in human and animals. We conducted a study to explore people’s awareness about rabies, their attitudes towards dogs and practices associated with treating...

  4. Contexts and consequences of dog bite incidents

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: James Andrew Oxley, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth

    Dog bites are a contentious issue within the United Kingdom due to their effect on public health and increasing incidence. Despite multiple expert-led dog bite prevention schemes being available, there is limited evidence regarding the surrounding factors and likely causes of a dog bite (e.g.,...

  5. Efforts to Ban the Routine Tail Docking of Pigs and to Give Pigs Enrichment Materials via EU Law: Where Do We Stand a Quarter of a Century on?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elena Nalon, Nancy De Briyne

    In its role as guardian of the Treaties, the European Commission must ensure that Member States enforce EU law within their territories. If adequate enforcement is found to be wanting, the Commission also has the power to take infringement procedures as a corrective measure. The case of...

  6. How many people have been bitten by dogs? A cross-sectional survey of prevalence, incidence and factors associated with dog bites in a UK community

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, Megan Brooke, Robert M Christley

    Background Dog bite studies are typically based on hospital records and may be biased towards bites requiring significant medical treatment. This study investigated true dog bite prevalence and incidence at a community-level and victim-related risk factors, in order to inform policy and...

  7. Defaming Rover: Error-Based Latent Rhetoric in the Medical Literature on Dog Bites

    | Contributor(s):: Arluke, Arnold, Cleary, Donald, Patronek, Gary, Bradley, Janis

    This article examines the accuracy and rhetoric of reports by human health care professionals concerning dog bite injuries published in the peer-reviewed medical literature, with respect to nonclinical issues, such as dog behavior. A qualitative content analysis examined 156 publications between...

  8. Young Children’s Interpretation of Dogs’ Emotions and Their Intentions to Approach Happy, Angry, and Frightened Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Aldridge, Grace L., Rose, Sarah E.

    The current study aimed to investigate the extent to which young children’s risk of being bitten by a dog is explained by their inability to recognize the dog’s emotion and to behave appropriately around dogs. One hundred and seventeen children, aged 4 to 7 years, were shown 15 images and 15...

  9. Exploration of Perceptions of Dog Bites among YouTube™ Viewers and Attributions of Blame

    | Contributor(s):: Owczarczak-Garstecka, Sara C., Watkins, Francine, Christley, Rob, Yang, Huadong, Westgarth, Carri

    Dog bites are a human public health and dog welfare problem. This qualitative study is the first to use YouTube™ to examine how viewers perceive risk of, and attribute blame for, dog bites. Comments underneath 10 videos, chosen to represent a diversity of dog-bite scenarios, were analyzed...

  10. Tail biting behaviour and tail damage in pigs and the relationship with general behaviour: Predicting the inevitable?

    | Contributor(s):: Ursinus, Winanda W., Van Reenen, Cornelis G., Kemp, Bas, Bolhuis, J. Elizabeth

    Tail biting behaviour in pigs is a common problem in conventional housing systems. Our study examined the consistency over time in tail biting and tail damage and it explored the predictive value of general behaviours observed in individual pigs and in pens as a whole. Pigs (n=480), reared in...

  11. Instantaneous intake rate of free-grazing cattle as affected by herbage characteristics in heterogeneous tropical agro-pastoral landscapes

    | Contributor(s):: Chirat, Guillaume, Groot, Jeroen C. J., Messad, Samir, Bocquier, François, Ickowicz, Alexandre

    Numerous territories of Sub-Saharan Africa are composed of a mosaic of very different landscape units: cropland, forest, and savannah. This spatial, but also temporal heterogeneity leads to complexity in the analysis of cattle intake behaviour. The instantaneous intake rate (IIR) is generally...

  12. Human directed aggression in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris): Occurrence in different contexts and risk factors

    | Contributor(s):: Casey, Rachel A., Loftus, Bethany, Bolster, Christine, Richards, Gemma J., Blackwell, Emily J.

    The consequence for dogs of showing aggression towards people is often euthanasia or relinquishment. Aggression is also a sign of compromised welfare in dogs, and a public health issue for people. The aims of this study were to estimate the numbers of dogs showing aggression to people in three...

  13. Crib-biting and its heritability in Finnhorses

    | Contributor(s):: Hemmann, Karin, Raekallio, Marja, Vainio, Outi, Juga, Jarmo

    Crib-biting in horses is a stereotypical oral behaviour with a prevalence of 2.8–15%, varying between breeds. A genetic basis for crib-biting has been suggested by many researchers, but due to incomplete information on families or the lack of a sufficient number of verified crib-biters,...

  14. Reducing the incidence of net cage biting and the expression of escape-related behaviors in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) with feeding and cage enrichment

    | Contributor(s):: Zimmermann, Emily W., Purchase, Craig F., Fleming, Ian A.

    The escape of fish from aquaculture is a persistent economic problem for farmers as well as an environmental problem that threatens wild fish population as a consequence of potential negative ecological and genetic interactions. Farmed Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) cause significant damage by...

  15. Factors affecting dog–dog interactions on walks with their owners

    | Contributor(s):: Řezáč, Petr, Viziová, Petra, Dobešová, Michaela, Havlíček, Zdeněk, Pospíšilová, Dagmar

    Little is known about factors influencing dyadic interactions between dogs in public places. This paper reports on the effect of dog age, gender and size, human gender and the use of a leash on the occurrence of body sniffing, scent-marking, playing games, showing a threat and biting in canine...

  16. Effects of environmental factors on cribbing activity by horses

    | Contributor(s):: Whisher, Lindsay, Raum, Mary, Pina, Lisa, Pérez, Lucia, Erb, Hollis, Houpt, Charles, Houpt, Katherine

    Quantitative measurements of cribbing were made and the environmental influences on the behavior were examined. Licking the substrate preceded cribbing; the horses licked a median of 1.7 times before each cribbing event while eating grain and 1.1 times before each cribbing event while eating hay....

  17. Comparison of methods to quantify the number of bites in calves grazing winter oats with different sward heights

    | Contributor(s):: Nadin, Laura B., Chopa, Federico Sánchez, Gibb, Malcolm J., Trindade, Júlio Kuhn da, Amaral, Glaucia Azevedo do, de Faccio Carvalho, Paulo C., Gonda, Horacio L.

    The requirement to measure the constituents of ingestive behaviour in grazing ruminants, such as the number and type of jaw movements, is essential for understanding the herbage intake process. In this experiment, three methods of recording grazing behaviour were compared: visual observation (VO;...

  18. Teaching Children and Parents to Understand Dog Signaling

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kerstin Meints, Victoria Brelsford, Tiny De Keuster

    Safe human-dog relationships require understanding of dogs’ signaling. As children are at particularly high risk of dog bites, we investigated longitudinally how children from 3 to 5 years and parents perceive and interpret dogs’ distress signaling gestures. All participants were...

  19. Risk factors associated with stranger-directed aggression in domestic dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Flint, Hannah E., Coe, Jason B., Serpell, James A., Pearl, David L., Niel, Lee

    Aggression in dogs is a safety concern both for humans and animals, and can lead to decreased animal welfare in affected dogs due to potential abuse, neglect, relinquishment or euthanasia. We examined risk factors associated with stranger-directed aggression in dogs using the previously...

  20. Effects of group size on behaviour, growth and occurrence of bite marks in farmed mink

    | Contributor(s):: Axelsson, Heléne M. K., Hansen, Steffen W., Loberg, Jenny, Lidfors, Lena

    The aims of this study were to investigate the occurrence of stereotypic behaviours and the activity level in farmed mink when group housed in climbing cages and if group housing increase aggression by assessing the prevalence of bite marks. This was studied in juvenile mink of the colour types...