You are here: Home / Tags / Bites and stings / All Categories

Tags: Bites and stings

All Categories (1-20 of 190)

  1. Awareness of rabies and response to dog bites in a Bangladesh community

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sumon Ghosh, Sukanta Chowdhury, Najmul Haider, Rajub K. Bhowmik, Md. S. Rana, Aung S. Prue Marma, Muhammad B. Hossain, Nitish C. Debnath, Be-Nazir Ahmed

    Community awareness regarding rabies and treatment seeking behaviours are critical both for the prevention and control of the disease in human and animals. We conducted a study to explore people’s awareness about rabies, their attitudes towards dogs and practices associated with treating...

  2. Contexts and consequences of dog bite incidents

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: James Andrew Oxley, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth

    Dog bites are a contentious issue within the United Kingdom due to their effect on public health and increasing incidence. Despite multiple expert-led dog bite prevention schemes being available, there is limited evidence regarding the surrounding factors and likely causes of a dog bite (e.g.,...

  3. Efforts to Ban the Routine Tail Docking of Pigs and to Give Pigs Enrichment Materials via EU Law: Where Do We Stand a Quarter of a Century on?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elena Nalon, Nancy De Briyne

    In its role as guardian of the Treaties, the European Commission must ensure that Member States enforce EU law within their territories. If adequate enforcement is found to be wanting, the Commission also has the power to take infringement procedures as a corrective measure. The case of...

  4. How many people have been bitten by dogs? A cross-sectional survey of prevalence, incidence and factors associated with dog bites in a UK community

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, Megan Brooke, Robert M Christley

    Background Dog bite studies are typically based on hospital records and may be biased towards bites requiring significant medical treatment. This study investigated true dog bite prevalence and incidence at a community-level and victim-related risk factors, in order to inform policy and...

  5. Defaming Rover: Error-Based Latent Rhetoric in the Medical Literature on Dog Bites

    | Contributor(s):: Arluke, Arnold, Cleary, Donald, Patronek, Gary, Bradley, Janis

    This article examines the accuracy and rhetoric of reports by human health care professionals concerning dog bite injuries published in the peer-reviewed medical literature, with respect to nonclinical issues, such as dog behavior. A qualitative content analysis examined 156 publications between...

  6. Young Children’s Interpretation of Dogs’ Emotions and Their Intentions to Approach Happy, Angry, and Frightened Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Aldridge, Grace L., Rose, Sarah E.

    The current study aimed to investigate the extent to which young children’s risk of being bitten by a dog is explained by their inability to recognize the dog’s emotion and to behave appropriately around dogs. One hundred and seventeen children, aged 4 to 7 years, were shown 15 images and 15...

  7. Exploration of Perceptions of Dog Bites among YouTube™ Viewers and Attributions of Blame

    | Contributor(s):: Owczarczak-Garstecka, Sara C., Watkins, Francine, Christley, Rob, Yang, Huadong, Westgarth, Carri

    Dog bites are a human public health and dog welfare problem. This qualitative study is the first to use YouTube™ to examine how viewers perceive risk of, and attribute blame for, dog bites. Comments underneath 10 videos, chosen to represent a diversity of dog-bite scenarios, were analyzed...

  8. Human directed aggression in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris): Occurrence in different contexts and risk factors

    | Contributor(s):: Casey, Rachel A., Loftus, Bethany, Bolster, Christine, Richards, Gemma J., Blackwell, Emily J.

    The consequence for dogs of showing aggression towards people is often euthanasia or relinquishment. Aggression is also a sign of compromised welfare in dogs, and a public health issue for people. The aims of this study were to estimate the numbers of dogs showing aggression to people in three...

  9. Factors affecting dog–dog interactions on walks with their owners

    | Contributor(s):: Řezáč, Petr, Viziová, Petra, Dobešová, Michaela, Havlíček, Zdeněk, Pospíšilová, Dagmar

    Little is known about factors influencing dyadic interactions between dogs in public places. This paper reports on the effect of dog age, gender and size, human gender and the use of a leash on the occurrence of body sniffing, scent-marking, playing games, showing a threat and biting in canine...

  10. Teaching Children and Parents to Understand Dog Signaling

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kerstin Meints, Victoria Brelsford, Tiny De Keuster

    Safe human-dog relationships require understanding of dogs’ signaling. As children are at particularly high risk of dog bites, we investigated longitudinally how children from 3 to 5 years and parents perceive and interpret dogs’ distress signaling gestures. All participants were...

  11. Risk factors associated with stranger-directed aggression in domestic dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Flint, Hannah E., Coe, Jason B., Serpell, James A., Pearl, David L., Niel, Lee

    Aggression in dogs is a safety concern both for humans and animals, and can lead to decreased animal welfare in affected dogs due to potential abuse, neglect, relinquishment or euthanasia. We examined risk factors associated with stranger-directed aggression in dogs using the previously...

  12. Effects of group size on behaviour, growth and occurrence of bite marks in farmed mink

    | Contributor(s):: Axelsson, Heléne M. K., Hansen, Steffen W., Loberg, Jenny, Lidfors, Lena

    The aims of this study were to investigate the occurrence of stereotypic behaviours and the activity level in farmed mink when group housed in climbing cages and if group housing increase aggression by assessing the prevalence of bite marks. This was studied in juvenile mink of the colour types...

  13. Teaching Children and Parents to Understand Dog Signaling

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kerstin Meints, Victoria Brelsford, Tiny De Keuster

    Safe human-dog relationships require understanding of dogs' signaling. As children are at particularly high risk of dog bites, we investigated longitudinally how children from 3 to 5 years and parents perceive and interpret dogs' distress signaling gestures. All participants were then...

  14. Comparison of nest-building materials in farrowing crates

    | Contributor(s):: Swan, Kirsi-Marja, Peltoniemi, Olli Aarno Tapio, Munsterhjelm, Camilla, Valros, Anna

    The farrowing crate restricts the performance of natural behaviour of sows, such as nest building, by limiting both sow movement and use of suitable nest-building materials. Restriction leads to short- and long lasting changes in farrowing, maternal behaviour and lactation. We investigated the...

  15. Online videos indicate human and dog behaviour preceding dog bites and the context in which bites occur

    | Contributor(s):: Sara C. Owczarczak-Garstecka, Francine Watkins, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth

    YouTube videos of dog bites present an unexplored opportunity to observe dog bites directly. We recorded the context of bites, bite severity, victim and dog characteristics for 143 videos and for 56 videos we coded human and dog behaviour before the bite. Perceived bite severity was derived...

  16. Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding rabies and exposure to bats in two rural communities in Guatemala

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: David Moran, Patricia Juliao, Danilo Alvarez, Kim A Lindblade, James A Ellison, Amy T Gilbert, Brett Petersen, Charles Rupprecht, Sergio Recuenco

    Background Rabies is a fatal encephalitis caused by rabies virus, of the genus Lyssavirus. The principal reservoir for rabies in Latin America is the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus), which feeds routinely on the blood of cattle, and when livestock are scarce, may prey on...

  17. Editorial: Children and Companion Animals: Psychosocial, Medical and Neurobiological Implications

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Andrea Beetz, lynette arnason hart, Brinda Inida Jegatheesan, Naoko Koda

    This Research Topic presents experiences with companion animals provided to children in varied settings. Methods include monitoring of the ongoing interaction of children with companion animals, or conducting interviews or surveys, as well as experimental interventions where changes occurring...

  18. Factors Associated With Bites to a Child From a Dog Living in the Same Home: A Bi-National Comparison

    | Contributor(s):: Locksley L. McV. Messam, Philip H. Kass, Bruon B. Chomel, lynette arnason hart

    We conducted a veterinary clinic-based retrospective cohort study aimed at identifying child-, dog-, and home-environment factors associated with dog bites to children aged 5–15 years old living in the same home as a dog in Kingston, Jamaica (236) and San Francisco, USA (61). Secondarily,...

  19. Declawing has no effect on biting behavior but does affect adoption outcomes for domestic cats in an animal shelter

    | Contributor(s):: Fritscher, Saethra Jade, Ha, James

    Opponents of declawing contend that it causes behavioral problems, whereas others, including the American Veterinary Medical Association, state that because destructive scratching is a risk factor for relinquishment and euthanasia, declawing is a reasonable alternative. If declawing causes...

  20. Recent Developments in Animal Tort and Insurance Law

    | Contributor(s):: Adam P. Karp, Margrit Lent Parker