Teaching Children and Parents to Understand Dog Signaling
| Contributor(s):: Kerstin Meints, Victoria Brelsford, Tiny De Keuster
Safe human-dog relationships require understanding of dogs' signaling. As children are at particularly high risk of dog bites, we investigated longitudinally how children from 3 to 5 years and parents perceive and interpret dogs' distress signaling gestures. All participants were then...
Online videos indicate human and dog behaviour preceding dog bites and the context in which bites occur
| Contributor(s):: Sara C. Owczarczak-Garstecka, Francine Watkins, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth
YouTube videos of dog bites present an unexplored opportunity to observe dog bites directly. We recorded the context of bites, bite severity, victim and dog characteristics for 143 videos and for 56 videos we coded human and dog behaviour before the bite. Perceived bite severity was derived...
Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding rabies and exposure to bats in two rural communities in Guatemala
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| Contributor(s):: David Moran, Patricia Juliao, Danilo Alvarez, Kim A Lindblade, James A Ellison, Amy T Gilbert, Brett Petersen, Charles Rupprecht, Sergio Recuenco
Background Rabies is a fatal encephalitis caused by rabies virus, of the genus Lyssavirus. The principal reservoir for rabies in Latin America is the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus), which feeds routinely on the blood of cattle, and when livestock are scarce, may prey on...
Editorial: Children and Companion Animals: Psychosocial, Medical and Neurobiological Implications
| Contributor(s):: Andrea Beetz, lynette arnason hart, Brinda Inida Jegatheesan, Naoko Koda
This Research Topic presents experiences with companion animals provided to children in varied settings. Methods include monitoring of the ongoing interaction of children with companion animals, or conducting interviews or surveys, as well as experimental interventions where changes occurring...
Factors Associated With Bites to a Child From a Dog Living in the Same Home: A Bi-National Comparison
| Contributor(s):: Locksley L. McV. Messam, Philip H. Kass, Bruon B. Chomel, lynette arnason hart
We conducted a veterinary clinic-based retrospective cohort study aimed at identifying child-, dog-, and home-environment factors associated with dog bites to children aged 5–15 years old living in the same home as a dog in Kingston, Jamaica (236) and San Francisco, USA (61). Secondarily,...
Declawing has no effect on biting behavior but does affect adoption outcomes for domestic cats in an animal shelter
| Contributor(s):: Saethra Jade Fritscher, James Ha
Opponents of declawing contend that it causes behavioral problems, whereas others, including the American Veterinary Medical Association, state that because destructive scratching is a risk factor for relinquishment and euthanasia, declawing is a reasonable alternative. If declawing causes...
Recent Developments in Animal Tort and Insurance Law
| Contributor(s):: Adam P. Karp, Margrit Lent Parker
The Correlation Between Snakebites And Meteorological Variations
| Contributor(s):: Chang Na
Background: In the United States, approximately 45,000 snakebites occur annually and affect many people including veterinarians and farmers.1 Snakebites can cause significant pain and morbidity such as severe bleeding and skin necrosis. Better predictive information on snakebite risk could help...
Caregiver Reports of Interactions between Children up to 6 Years and Their Family Dog—Implications for Dog Bite Prevention
| Contributor(s):: Christine Arhant, Andrea Martina Beetz, Josef Troxler
In children up to 6 years, interactions such as interfering with the dog’s resources and also benign behaviors (e.g., petting) commonly precede a bite incident with the family dog. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the development of everyday interactions between...
Public Policy: Community Safety Through Breed Bans?
| Contributor(s):: Deirdre S. Franklin
The research performed provided several insights and outcomes that were anticipated in the research question. By analyzing the effects of breed specific legislation (BSL) and the statistics relative to dog bites, dog shelters and rescue groups, it became clear that the BSL does not work. This...
Bites dog people: general characteristics
| Contributor(s):: Marat T. Makenov, Olga A. Mihaylova
The analysis of appeals for medical help concerned with dog bites made by dwellers of the Omsk City in 2006-2010 has been performed, using the materials of the "Omsk Regional Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology". In total, 11 849 cases of human biting by dogs were registered in this...
"It's not that they sting you. It's that they don't sting you." Beekeepers and the Narrative Construction of Human-honeybee Relationships
| Contributor(s):: Kate Marx
There are seemingly endless accounts available of the bond that is often formed between humans and other mammals. Far less, however, has been written on interactions between humans and animals of more pronounced physiological difference to us, for example, insects. The purpose of this study was...
Practical veterinary forensics
| Contributor(s):: Bailey, D.
The book serves as a reference for the reader to appreciate the current workload of a forensic vet and to provide an insight into the scale and complexity of the specialism that is veterinary forensics. Topics discussed are: introduction to veterinary forensics; forensic philosophy; law and...
Fleeing from fleas on your cat, dog, or you
| Contributor(s):: Robert G. Holmberg
Fleas are small, laterally flattened, wingless insects that suck blood from warm-blooded animals. There are about 2,500 species. Most are parasites of mammals; about 100 species feed on birds. In North America, 19 species bite humans.
Poisonous Snakes and Snakebite in the U.S.: A Brief Review
| Contributor(s):: Sherman A. Minton
This article briefly reviews some current ideas regarding snakebite in the Uniled States. Twenty species of native venomous snakes occur and include 15 species of rattlesnakes, the copperhead and cottonmouth, two species of coral snakes, and one seasnake. Snake venoms contain a variety of...
A survey of urban Canadian animal control practices : the effect of enforcement and resourcing on the reported dog bite rate
| Contributor(s):: Nancy Margaret Clarke
Dog bites are a serious cause of human injury. Data from the United States of America indicate that about 1.8% of people receive bites each year, and the rate is thought to be increasing disproportionately faster than the dog population. The Canadian dog bite issue is not well documented although...
Warm-Blooded Animal Bites
| Contributor(s):: R.a. Dieter Jr., Robert S. Dieter, R.a. Dieter Iii, D.L. Dieter
Background: Domestic animals are the major cause of warm-blooded animal bites around the world. The dog, the cat and human bites are the most common animal bites creating major medical and health care concerns requiring medical treatment. Transmitted zoonotic diseases...
A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto-Juniperus oxycedrus woodland
| Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.
Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...
A bite out of the budget? : costs and characteristics of animal bites in Benton County, Oregon
| Contributor(s):: Holly Sherburne
In 1993 and 1994 total, there were 247 people reported to have been bitten by animals in Benton County, Oregon. Of the 243 biting animals, 70 percent were dogs, 25 percent cats, and 5 percent other animals such as ferrets, mice, rats, bats, and skunks. Fifty-four percent of all...
The complex issue of dog bites
| Contributor(s):: Bower, C.