The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Factors affecting dog–dog interactions on walks with their owners
Contributor(s):: Řezáč, Petr, Viziová, Petra, Dobešová, Michaela, Havlíček, Zdeněk, Pospíšilová, Dagmar
Little is known about factors influencing dyadic interactions between dogs in public places. This paper reports on the effect of dog age, gender and size, human gender and the use of a leash on the occurrence of body sniffing, scent-marking, playing games, showing a threat and biting in canine...
Teaching Children and Parents to Understand Dog Signaling
| Contributor(s):: Kerstin Meints, Victoria Brelsford, Tiny De Keuster
Safe human-dog relationships require understanding of dogs’ signaling. As children are at particularly high risk of dog bites, we investigated longitudinally how children from 3 to 5 years and parents perceive and interpret dogs’ distress signaling gestures. All participants were...
Risk factors associated with stranger-directed aggression in domestic dogs
| Contributor(s):: Flint, Hannah E., Coe, Jason B., Serpell, James A., Pearl, David L., Niel, Lee
Aggression in dogs is a safety concern both for humans and animals, and can lead to decreased animal welfare in affected dogs due to potential abuse, neglect, relinquishment or euthanasia. We examined risk factors associated with stranger-directed aggression in dogs using the previously...
Effects of group size on behaviour, growth and occurrence of bite marks in farmed mink
| Contributor(s):: Axelsson, Heléne M. K., Hansen, Steffen W., Loberg, Jenny, Lidfors, Lena
The aims of this study were to investigate the occurrence of stereotypic behaviours and the activity level in farmed mink when group housed in climbing cages and if group housing increase aggression by assessing the prevalence of bite marks. This was studied in juvenile mink of the colour types...
Safe human-dog relationships require understanding of dogs' signaling. As children are at particularly high risk of dog bites, we investigated longitudinally how children from 3 to 5 years and parents perceive and interpret dogs' distress signaling gestures. All participants were then...
Comparison of nest-building materials in farrowing crates
| Contributor(s):: Swan, Kirsi-Marja, Peltoniemi, Olli Aarno Tapio, Munsterhjelm, Camilla, Valros, Anna
The farrowing crate restricts the performance of natural behaviour of sows, such as nest building, by limiting both sow movement and use of suitable nest-building materials. Restriction leads to short- and long lasting changes in farrowing, maternal behaviour and lactation. We investigated the...
Online videos indicate human and dog behaviour preceding dog bites and the context in which bites occur
| Contributor(s):: Sara C. Owczarczak-Garstecka, Francine Watkins, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth
YouTube videos of dog bites present an unexplored opportunity to observe dog bites directly. We recorded the context of bites, bite severity, victim and dog characteristics for 143 videos and for 56 videos we coded human and dog behaviour before the bite. Perceived bite severity was derived...
Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding rabies and exposure to bats in two rural communities in Guatemala
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: David Moran, Patricia Juliao, Danilo Alvarez, Kim A Lindblade, James A Ellison, Amy T Gilbert, Brett Petersen, Charles Rupprecht, Sergio Recuenco
Background Rabies is a fatal encephalitis caused by rabies virus, of the genus Lyssavirus. The principal reservoir for rabies in Latin America is the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus), which feeds routinely on the blood of cattle, and when livestock are scarce, may prey on...
Editorial: Children and Companion Animals: Psychosocial, Medical and Neurobiological Implications
| Contributor(s):: Andrea Beetz, lynette arnason hart, Brinda Inida Jegatheesan, Naoko Koda
This Research Topic presents experiences with companion animals provided to children in varied settings. Methods include monitoring of the ongoing interaction of children with companion animals, or conducting interviews or surveys, as well as experimental interventions where changes occurring...
Factors Associated With Bites to a Child From a Dog Living in the Same Home: A Bi-National Comparison
| Contributor(s):: Locksley L. McV. Messam, Philip H. Kass, Bruon B. Chomel, lynette arnason hart
We conducted a veterinary clinic-based retrospective cohort study aimed at identifying child-, dog-, and home-environment factors associated with dog bites to children aged 5–15 years old living in the same home as a dog in Kingston, Jamaica (236) and San Francisco, USA (61). Secondarily,...
Declawing has no effect on biting behavior but does affect adoption outcomes for domestic cats in an animal shelter
| Contributor(s):: Fritscher, Saethra Jade, Ha, James
Opponents of declawing contend that it causes behavioral problems, whereas others, including the American Veterinary Medical Association, state that because destructive scratching is a risk factor for relinquishment and euthanasia, declawing is a reasonable alternative. If declawing causes...
Recent Developments in Animal Tort and Insurance Law
| Contributor(s):: Adam P. Karp, Margrit Lent Parker
The Correlation Between Snakebites And Meteorological Variations
| Contributor(s):: Chang Na
Background: In the United States, approximately 45,000 snakebites occur annually and affect many people including veterinarians and farmers.1 Snakebites can cause significant pain and morbidity such as severe bleeding and skin necrosis. Better predictive information on snakebite risk could help...
Caregiver Reports of Interactions between Children up to 6 Years and Their Family Dog—Implications for Dog Bite Prevention
| Contributor(s):: Christine Arhant, Andrea Martina Beetz, Josef Troxler
In children up to 6 years, interactions such as interfering with the dog’s resources and also benign behaviors (e.g., petting) commonly precede a bite incident with the family dog. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the development of everyday interactions between...
Public Policy: Community Safety Through Breed Bans?
| Contributor(s):: Deirdre S. Franklin
The research performed provided several insights and outcomes that were anticipated in the research question. By analyzing the effects of breed specific legislation (BSL) and the statistics relative to dog bites, dog shelters and rescue groups, it became clear that the BSL does not work. This...
Jun 24 2017
2017 UK Dog Bite Prevention & Behaviour Conference
Bites dog people: general characteristics
| Contributor(s):: Marat T. Makenov, Olga A. Mihaylova
The analysis of appeals for medical help concerned with dog bites made by dwellers of the Omsk City in 2006-2010 has been performed, using the materials of the "Omsk Regional Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology". In total, 11 849 cases of human biting by dogs were registered in this...
"It's not that they sting you. It's that they don't sting you." Beekeepers and the Narrative Construction of Human-honeybee Relationships
| Contributor(s):: Kate Marx
There are seemingly endless accounts available of the bond that is often formed between humans and other mammals. Far less, however, has been written on interactions between humans and animals of more pronounced physiological difference to us, for example, insects. The purpose of this study was...
Practical veterinary forensics
| Contributor(s):: Bailey, D.
The book serves as a reference for the reader to appreciate the current workload of a forensic vet and to provide an insight into the scale and complexity of the specialism that is veterinary forensics. Topics discussed are: introduction to veterinary forensics; forensic philosophy; law and...
Fleeing from fleas on your cat, dog, or you
| Contributor(s):: Robert G. Holmberg
Fleas are small, laterally flattened, wingless insects that suck blood from warm-blooded animals. There are about 2,500 species. Most are parasites of mammals; about 100 species feed on birds. In North America, 19 species bite humans.