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  1. Human directed aggression in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris): Occurrence in different contexts and risk factors

    Contributor(s):: Casey, Rachel A., Loftus, Bethany, Bolster, Christine, Richards, Gemma J., Blackwell, Emily J.

    The consequence for dogs of showing aggression towards people is often euthanasia or relinquishment. Aggression is also a sign of compromised welfare in dogs, and a public health issue for people. The aims of this study were to estimate the numbers of dogs showing aggression to people in three...

  2. Crib-biting and its heritability in Finnhorses

    Contributor(s):: Hemmann, Karin, Raekallio, Marja, Vainio, Outi, Juga, Jarmo

    Crib-biting in horses is a stereotypical oral behaviour with a prevalence of 2.8–15%, varying between breeds. A genetic basis for crib-biting has been suggested by many researchers, but due to incomplete information on families or the lack of a sufficient number of verified crib-biters,...

  3. Reducing the incidence of net cage biting and the expression of escape-related behaviors in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) with feeding and cage enrichment

    Contributor(s):: Zimmermann, Emily W., Purchase, Craig F., Fleming, Ian A.

    The escape of fish from aquaculture is a persistent economic problem for farmers as well as an environmental problem that threatens wild fish population as a consequence of potential negative ecological and genetic interactions. Farmed Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) cause significant damage by...

  4. Factors affecting dog–dog interactions on walks with their owners

    Contributor(s):: Řezáč, Petr, Viziová, Petra, Dobešová, Michaela, Havlíček, Zdeněk, Pospíšilová, Dagmar

    Little is known about factors influencing dyadic interactions between dogs in public places. This paper reports on the effect of dog age, gender and size, human gender and the use of a leash on the occurrence of body sniffing, scent-marking, playing games, showing a threat and biting in canine...

  5. Effects of environmental factors on cribbing activity by horses

    Contributor(s):: Whisher, Lindsay, Raum, Mary, Pina, Lisa, Pérez, Lucia, Erb, Hollis, Houpt, Charles, Houpt, Katherine

    Quantitative measurements of cribbing were made and the environmental influences on the behavior were examined. Licking the substrate preceded cribbing; the horses licked a median of 1.7 times before each cribbing event while eating grain and 1.1 times before each cribbing event while eating hay....

  6. Comparison of methods to quantify the number of bites in calves grazing winter oats with different sward heights

    Contributor(s):: Nadin, Laura B., Chopa, Federico Sánchez, Gibb, Malcolm J., Trindade, Júlio Kuhn da, Amaral, Glaucia Azevedo do, de Faccio Carvalho, Paulo C., Gonda, Horacio L.

    The requirement to measure the constituents of ingestive behaviour in grazing ruminants, such as the number and type of jaw movements, is essential for understanding the herbage intake process. In this experiment, three methods of recording grazing behaviour were compared: visual observation (VO;...

  7. Teaching Children and Parents to Understand Dog Signaling

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kerstin Meints, Victoria Brelsford, Tiny De Keuster

    Safe human-dog relationships require understanding of dogs’ signaling. As children are at particularly high risk of dog bites, we investigated longitudinally how children from 3 to 5 years and parents perceive and interpret dogs’ distress signaling gestures. All participants were...

  8. Risk factors associated with stranger-directed aggression in domestic dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Flint, Hannah E., Coe, Jason B., Serpell, James A., Pearl, David L., Niel, Lee

    Aggression in dogs is a safety concern both for humans and animals, and can lead to decreased animal welfare in affected dogs due to potential abuse, neglect, relinquishment or euthanasia. We examined risk factors associated with stranger-directed aggression in dogs using the previously...

  9. Effects of group size on behaviour, growth and occurrence of bite marks in farmed mink

    | Contributor(s):: Axelsson, Heléne M. K., Hansen, Steffen W., Loberg, Jenny, Lidfors, Lena

    The aims of this study were to investigate the occurrence of stereotypic behaviours and the activity level in farmed mink when group housed in climbing cages and if group housing increase aggression by assessing the prevalence of bite marks. This was studied in juvenile mink of the colour types...

  10. A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto–Juniperus oxycedrus woodland

    | Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.

    Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...

  11. Teaching Children and Parents to Understand Dog Signaling

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kerstin Meints, Victoria Brelsford, Tiny De Keuster

    Safe human-dog relationships require understanding of dogs' signaling. As children are at particularly high risk of dog bites, we investigated longitudinally how children from 3 to 5 years and parents perceive and interpret dogs' distress signaling gestures. All participants were then...

  12. Comparison of nest-building materials in farrowing crates

    | Contributor(s):: Swan, Kirsi-Marja, Peltoniemi, Olli Aarno Tapio, Munsterhjelm, Camilla, Valros, Anna

    The farrowing crate restricts the performance of natural behaviour of sows, such as nest building, by limiting both sow movement and use of suitable nest-building materials. Restriction leads to short- and long lasting changes in farrowing, maternal behaviour and lactation. We investigated the...

  13. Online videos indicate human and dog behaviour preceding dog bites and the context in which bites occur

    | Contributor(s):: Sara C. Owczarczak-Garstecka, Francine Watkins, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth

    YouTube videos of dog bites present an unexplored opportunity to observe dog bites directly. We recorded the context of bites, bite severity, victim and dog characteristics for 143 videos and for 56 videos we coded human and dog behaviour before the bite. Perceived bite severity was derived...

  14. Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding rabies and exposure to bats in two rural communities in Guatemala

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: David Moran, Patricia Juliao, Danilo Alvarez, Kim A Lindblade, James A Ellison, Amy T Gilbert, Brett Petersen, Charles Rupprecht, Sergio Recuenco

    Background Rabies is a fatal encephalitis caused by rabies virus, of the genus Lyssavirus. The principal reservoir for rabies in Latin America is the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus), which feeds routinely on the blood of cattle, and when livestock are scarce, may prey on...

  15. Editorial: Children and Companion Animals: Psychosocial, Medical and Neurobiological Implications

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Andrea Beetz, lynette arnason hart, Brinda Inida Jegatheesan, Naoko Koda

    This Research Topic presents experiences with companion animals provided to children in varied settings. Methods include monitoring of the ongoing interaction of children with companion animals, or conducting interviews or surveys, as well as experimental interventions where changes occurring...

  16. Factors Associated With Bites to a Child From a Dog Living in the Same Home: A Bi-National Comparison

    | Contributor(s):: Locksley L. McV. Messam, Philip H. Kass, Bruon B. Chomel, lynette arnason hart

    We conducted a veterinary clinic-based retrospective cohort study aimed at identifying child-, dog-, and home-environment factors associated with dog bites to children aged 5–15 years old living in the same home as a dog in Kingston, Jamaica (236) and San Francisco, USA (61). Secondarily,...

  17. Declawing has no effect on biting behavior but does affect adoption outcomes for domestic cats in an animal shelter

    | Contributor(s):: Fritscher, Saethra Jade, Ha, James

    Opponents of declawing contend that it causes behavioral problems, whereas others, including the American Veterinary Medical Association, state that because destructive scratching is a risk factor for relinquishment and euthanasia, declawing is a reasonable alternative. If declawing causes...

  18. Recent Developments in Animal Tort and Insurance Law

    | Contributor(s):: Adam P. Karp, Margrit Lent Parker

  19. The Correlation Between Snakebites And Meteorological Variations

    | Contributor(s):: Chang Na

    Background: In the United States, approximately 45,000 snakebites occur annually and affect many people including veterinarians and farmers.1 Snakebites can cause significant pain and morbidity such as severe bleeding and skin necrosis. Better predictive information on snakebite risk could help...

  20. Caregiver Reports of Interactions between Children up to 6 Years and Their Family Dog—Implications for Dog Bite Prevention

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Christine Arhant, Andrea Martina Beetz, Josef Troxler

    In children up to 6 years, interactions such as interfering with the dog’s resources and also benign behaviors (e.g., petting) commonly precede a bite incident with the family dog. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the development of everyday interactions between...