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  1. Evaluating stress in riding horses: part one - behavior assessment and serum cortisol

    Contributor(s):: Hovey, M. R., Davis, A., Chen, S., Godwin, P., Porr, C. A. S.

  2. Platelet abnormalities and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios in canine immunosuppressant-responsive and non-responsive enteropathy: a retrospective study in 41 dogs

    Contributor(s):: Pierini, A., Esposito, G., Gori, E., Benvenuti, E., Ruggiero, P., Lubas, G., Marchetti, V.

  3. Evaluation of D-dimer levels in aqueous humor of rabbit eyes with and without induced intraocular fibrin and fibrinolytic treatment

    Contributor(s):: Voelter, K., Tappeiner, C., Riond, B., Nuss, K., Bruetsch, D., Pot, S. A.

  4. Positive Reinforcement Conditioning as a Tool for Frequent Minimally Invasive Blood and Vaginal Swab Sampling in African Lions (Panthera Leo)

    Contributor(s):: Callealta, Isabel, Lueders, Imke, Luther-Binoir, Ilse, Ganswindt, Andre

    Information regarding the physiology of African lions is scarce, mainly due to challenges associated with essential routine research procedures. The aim of this experiment was to test the possibility of training six captive lionesses by positive reinforcement conditioning (PRC) to voluntarily...

  5. Natural Horse Boarding Vs Traditional Stable: A Comparison of Hormonal, Hematological and Immunological Parameters

    Contributor(s):: Placci, M., Marliani, G., Sabioni, S., Gabai, G., Mondo, E., Borghetti, P., Angelis, E. De, Accorsi, Pier Attilio

    In the equestrian world, two different types of management can be distinguished: traditional management and natural boarding. The aim of this research was to compare hormonal, hematological and immunological parameters of 47 horses kept in these two different managements. Blood and horsehair of...

  6. Positive Reinforcement Training for Blood Collection in Grizzly Bears (Ursus arctos horribilis) Results in Undetectable Elevations in Serum Cortisol Levels: A Preliminary Investigation

    Contributor(s):: Joyce-Zuniga, Nicole M., Newberry, Ruth C., Robbins, Charles T., Ware, Jasmine V., Jansen, Heiko T., Nelson, O. Lynne

    Training nonhuman animals in captivity for participation in routine husbandry procedures is believed to produce a lower stress environment compared with undergoing a general anesthetic event for the same procedure. This hypothesis rests largely on anecdotal evidence that the captive subjects...

  7. Hypoxia by Altitude and Welfare of Captive Beaded Lizards (Heloderma Horridum) in Mexico: Hematological Approaches

    Contributor(s):: Guadarrama, Sonia S., Domínguez-Vega, Hublester, Díaz-Albiter, Hector M., Quijano, Alejandro, Bastiaans, Elizabeth, Carrillo-Castilla, Porfirio, Manjarrez, Javier, Gómez-Ortíz, Yuriana, Fajardo, Victor

    Heloderma horridum is one of the few known venomous lizards in the world. Their populations are in decline due to habitat destruction and capture for the pet trade. In México, many zoos have decided to take care of this species, most of them at altitudes greater than the natural altitudinal...

  8. The effects of operant training on blood collection for domestic cats

    Contributor(s):: Lockhart, Jessica, Wilson, Karri, Lanman, Cindy

    The impact of operantly training domestic cats to accept jugular blood collections in a dorsally recumbent (novel) position was assessed. Cats were assigned to one of three groups: Group 1 (N=14): no training, traditional jugular blood collection; Group 2 (N=17): trained in novel position but...

  9. Effects of different enrichment devices on some welfare indicators of post-weaned undocked piglets

    Contributor(s):: Nannoni, E., Sardi, L., Vitali, M., Trevisi, E., Ferrari, A., Barone, F., Bacci, M. L., Barbieri, S., Martelli, G.

    Two experimental trials were carried out in order to test the effectiveness of different environmental enrichments in improving the welfare of weaned pigs. A total of 120 undocked piglets was used. In trial one, group C1 received a metal chain and group WL a wooden log mounted on a frame. In...

  10. White Blood Cell Counts, Parasite Prevalence, and Plasma Cortisol Levels of Dogs in a County Animal Shelter: Changes over Days and Impact of a Program of Repeated Human Interaction

    Contributor(s):: Emily S. Dudley

    Animal shelter housing is highly stressful for a dog, compromising welfare and leading to undesirable behaviors and unknown health consequences. We documented the changes in circulating numbers of white blood cells, plasma cortisol, and fecal parasite shedding of dogs housed for 10 days at a...

  11. Environmental and Physiological Factors Associated With Stamina in Dogs Exercising in High Ambient Temperatures

    Contributor(s):: Patrick J. Robbins, Meghan T. Ramos, Brian M. Zanghi, Cynthia M. Otto

    This IACUC approved study was performed to evaluate the environmental, physiological, and hematological components that contribute to stamina following successive bouts of exercise that included searching (5-min), agility (5-min), and ball retrieve (<10-min). Regularly exercised dogs (N= 12)...

  12. Evaluation of pharmacokinetics and efficacy of ivermectin following oral administration in dogs against experimental infection of Ctenocephalides felis felis and Rhipicephalus sanguineus

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Magalhaes, V. S., Cid, Y. P., Ferreira, T. P., Medeiros, D. M. V., Batista, L. C. de S. O., Correia, T. R., Albert, A. L. M., Scott, F. B.

    With the increasing number of pets in home the human-animal relationship is increasingly close and care about control disease growing. Ivermectin (IVM) is frequently used because its proven safety. IVM is recommended for the treatment of demodectic scabies and prevention of heartworm in dogs, but...

  13. Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos

    | Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.

    Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...

  14. 'Doing good by proxy': human-animal kinship and the 'donation' of canine blood

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ashall, V., Hobson-West, P.

    This article demonstrates the relevance of animals to medical sociology by arguing that pet owners’ accounts of veterinary decision‐making can highlight key sociological themes which are important to both human and animal health. Based on semi‐structured interviews, the article argues...

  15. Lamina-dependent calibrated BOLD response in human primary motor cortex

    | Contributor(s):: Guidi, Maria, Huber, Laurentius, Lampe, Leonie, Gauthier, Claudine J., Möller, Harald E.

  16. Effect of Pet Insects on the Psychological Health of Community-Dwelling Elderly People: A Single-Blinded, Randomized, Controlled Trial

    | Contributor(s):: Ko, H. J., Youn, C. H., Kim, S. H., Kim, S. Y.

  17. Fleeing from fleas on your cat, dog, or you

    | Contributor(s):: Robert G. Holmberg

    Fleas are small, laterally flattened, wingless insects that suck blood from warm-blooded animals.  There are about 2,500 species.  Most are parasites of mammals; about 100 species feed on birds.  In North America, 19 species bite humans.

  18. Consumption of whole cottonseed by white-tailed deer and nontarget species

    | Contributor(s):: Taylor, Benjamin D., Lyons, Eddie K., Rollins, Dale, Scott, Cody B., Huston, James E., Taylor, Charles A.

  19. Study on blood physiology characteristics in working dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Yang, JiaQiang, Cao, JingFeng, Du, XiaoPeng, Kong, XiaoYan, Yan, DaWei

    Adult working dog has to do a lot of intense physical training every day. The blood physiology and hemorheological indexes were measured in three adult working dogs (Kunming, German shepherd, Belgian malinois) and one indigenous breed in Kunming. The results showed that the number of red blood...

  20. Comparison of stress exhibited by cats examined in a clinic versus a home setting

    | Contributor(s):: Nibblett, B. M., Ketzis, J. K., Grigg, E. K.

    Serum cortisol levels, physiological parameters and behavior were used to assess stress experienced by cats examined using equivalent low stress handling techniques in two different environments: their home and an idealized veterinary clinic setting. Healthy cats ( n=18) were examined in a...