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  1. Pet ownership, but not ACE inhibitor therapy, blunts home blood pressure responses to mental stress

    Contributor(s):: Allen, K., Shykoff, B. E., Izzo, J. L., Jr.

    In the present study, we evaluated the effect of a nonevaluative social support intervention (pet ownership) on blood pressure response to mental stress before and during ACE inhibitor therapy. Forty-eight hypertensive individuals participated in an experiment at home and in the physician’s...

  2. Serological study of Toxoplasma gondii in kidney recipients

    Contributor(s):: Sukthana, Y., Chintana, T., Damrongkitchaiporn, S., Lekkla, A.

  3. Toxocara infection and diminished lung function in a nationally representative sample from the United States population

    Contributor(s):: Walsh, M. G.

  4. Vector-borne diseases in client-owned and stray cats from Madrid, Spain

    Contributor(s):: Ayllon, T., Diniz, P. P., Breitschwerdt, E. B., Villaescusa, A., Rodriguez-Franco, F., Sainz, A.

  5. Human-animal interaction, stress, and embryo production in Bos indicus embryo donors under tropical conditions

    Contributor(s):: Macedo, G. G., Zuccari Neto, C. E. S., Abreu, U. G. P. de, Negrao, J. A., Costa e Silva, E. V. da

    This study investigated the effect of human-animal interaction (HAI) and the stress response on the quality of embryo production in superovulated Nelore (Bos indicus) cattle, under tropical conditions. Thirty-two females underwent a superovulation protocol for 5 days. Cortisol concentrations were...

  6. The Gilgamesh Complex: The Quest for Death Transcendence and the Killing of Animals

    Contributor(s):: Christman, J.

  7. Pet-keeping in childhood and adult asthma and hay fever: European Community Respiratory Health Survey

    Contributor(s):: Svanes, C., Heinrich, J., Jarvis, D., Chinn, S., Omenaas, E., Gulsvik, A., Kunzli, N., Burney, P.

    A large, international, population-based study was conducted to examine the effects of childhood pet-keeping on adult allergic disease. Information from structured interviews on pet-keeping, symptoms and potential confounding variables from 18 530 subjects, and specific IgE to common...

  8. Influence of visual experience deprivation on the postnatal development of the microvascular bed in layer IV of the rat visual cortex

    Contributor(s):: Argandoña, Enrike G., Lafuente, Jose V.

  9. Pet ownership and cardiovascular risk reduction: supporting evidence, conflicting data and underlying mechanisms

    Contributor(s):: Arhant-Sudhir, K., Arhant-Sudhir, R., Sudhir, K.

    It is widely believed that pet ownership is beneficial to humans and that some of this benefit is through favourable effects on cardiovascular risk. In the present review, we critically examine the evidence in support of this hypothesis and present the available data with respect to major...

  10. Pet ownership and childhood acute leukemia (USA and Canada)

    Contributor(s):: Swensen, A. R., Ross, J. A., Shu, X. O., Reaman, G. H., Steinbuch, M., Robison, L. L.

    Objectives: For more than three decades there has been speculation regarding a possible role of zoonotic diseases in the development of human leukaemia. This study investigated the potential relationship between exposure to pets and the development of childhood leukaemia. Methods: Data from 2359...

  11. A study of cortisol and beta-endorphin levels in stereotypic and normal Thoroughbreds

    Contributor(s):: Pell, S. M., McGreevy, P. D.

    Plasma and salivary cortisol levels were measured in stereotypic (n=46) and normal horses (n=46). No significant differences were found between the 2 groups of horses. The correlation between plasma and salivary cortisol concentrations of individual horses (n=66) was also examined. A significant...

  12. Addressing the pain associated with disbudding and dehorning in cattle. (Special Issue: Pain in farm animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Stafford, K. J., Mellor, D. J.

    The pain caused by disbudding or dehorning of cattle and its alleviation may be assessed by behavioural, physiological and production responses. Disbudding can be carried out by cautery or the application of a chemical paste. Cautery disbudding and amputation dehorning stimulate definite pain...

  13. Anxiety related behavioural disorders and neurotransmitters in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Riva, J., Bondiolotti, G., Michelazzi, M., Verga, M., Carenzi, C.

    The aim of this research has been to verify possible correlations among some neurotransmitters and anxiety related behavioural disorders in the domestic dog. Twenty dogs affected by anxiety related behavioural disorders and 13 control dogs were studied. The dogs' behaviour has been analysed...

  14. Assessing the effects of a chronic stressor, stocking density, on welfare indicators of juvenile African catfish, Clarias gariepinus Burchell

    Contributor(s):: Nieuwegiessen, P. G. van de, Boerlage, A. S., Verreth, J. A. J., Schrama, J. W.

    Fish welfare is an area of increasing interest and stocking densities used in commercial aquaculture have been highlighted as a subject of specific welfare concern. The present study assessed how stocking density affects growth performance (final body weight, SGR, FCR), physiological (plasma...

  15. Assessment of acute pain experienced by piglets from ear tagging, ear notching and intraperitoneal injectable transponders

    Contributor(s):: Leslie, E., Hernandez-Jover, M., Newman, R., Holyoake, P.

    Suckling piglets are routinely identified to assist with their day-to-day management. A total of 120 suckling piglets were used to determine and compare the short-term pain responses to a number of identification methodologies, including: ear notching, ear tagging and intraperitoneal injection...

  16. Behaviour and physiologic responses of mares to short-term isolation

    Contributor(s):: Strand, S. C., Tiefenbacher, S., Haskell, M., Hosmer, T., McDonnell, S. M., Freeman, D. A.

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the behaviour and physiologic responses of mares to removal from an established pasture herd and to isolation in a pasture setting for 6 h (Group I, n=5). Responses of mares in Group I were compared to mares that were transported and returned to the herd...

  17. Behavioural and physiological responses of horses to initial training: the comparison between pastured versus stalled horses

    Contributor(s):: Rivera, E., Benjamin, S., Nielsen, B., Shelle, J., Zanella, A. J.

    Horses kept in stalls are deprived of opportunities for social interactions, and the performance of natural behaviour is limited. Inadequate environmental conditions may compromise behavioural development. Initial training is a complex process and it is likely that the responses of horses may be...

  18. Behavioural characteristics of two dairy breeds of cows selected ( Herens ) or not ( Brune des Alpes ) for fighting and dominance ability

    Contributor(s):: Plusquellec, P., Bouissou, M. F.

    Two breeds of dairy cattle, one selected for intra-specific fighting and dominance ability (Herens, H), the other not selected for this behavioural trait (Brune des Alpes, BA), submitted to the same management techniques, were compared with respect to their social behaviour (dominance, agonistic...

  19. Development and validation of a new method for visual detection of estrus in mithun ( Bos frontalis )

    Contributor(s):: Mohan, Mondal, Muthupalani, Karunakaran, Chandan, Rajkhowa, Prakash, B. S.

    The objectives of this study were (1) to develop a suitable scoring scale for oestrus detection based on frequency and reliability of behavioural signs of oestrus in mithun (Bos frontalis) and (2) to validate the accuracy of this method for detection of oestrus in primi- and multiparous mithun...

  20. Does environmental enrichment really matter? A case study using the eastern fence lizard, Sceloporus undulatus

    Contributor(s):: Rosier, R. L., Langkilde, T.

    Institutional and federal ethics committees regulate research on live vertebrate animals. Current regulations require researchers to provide environmental enrichment for laboratory animals. The intention is that such enrichment reduces stress and prevents atypical behavior of captive animals,...