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  1. Evaluation of a novel rodenticide: welfare assessment of fatal methaemoglobinaemia in adult rats ( Rattus norvegicus)

    Contributor(s):: Gibson, T. J., Quy, R. J., Eason, C. T., Gregory, N. G.

    This study assessed the welfare of rats ( Rattus norvegicus) poisoned with a lethal dose of the methaemoglobin (MetHb) inducing compound para-aminovalerophenone (PAVP). Twenty rats were orally gavaged with either PAVP (treated) or the vehicle only (control). Spontaneous and evoked behaviours were...

  2. Dairy calves' preference for rearing substrate

    Contributor(s):: Worth, G. M., Schutz, K. E., Stewart, M., Cave, V. M., Foster, M., Sutherland, M. A.

    Traditional substrate types for dairy calves, such as sawdust, are becoming difficult and/or expensive for farmers to obtain in New Zealand. Therefore, there is a need to evaluate alternative rearing substrates that provide an acceptable level of animal welfare. The preference of dairy calves for...

  3. Experimental verification of the effects on normal domestic cats by feeding prescription diet for decreasing stress

    Contributor(s):: Miyaji, K., Kato, M., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of diet on the feline stress response by measuring plasma and urinary cortisol. A study diet was developed with a unique combination of nutrients that supports the management of stressful situations. The specific formulation of the diet...

  4. Oxytocin responses after dog and cat interactions depend on pet ownership and may affect interpersonal trust

    Contributor(s):: Curry, B. A., Donaldson, B., Vercoe, M., Filippo, M., Zaka, P. J.

    Although many of us interact daily with animals, we have lit t le understanding of how this affects our interactions with people. This study assessed the physiological effects of human-animal interactions and tested if this affected interpersonal trust. Participants (N=141) were assigned to play...

  5. Testing refrigeration trucks for the emergency evacuation of companion animals

    Contributor(s):: Langman, V. A., Ellifrit, N., Sime, D., Rowe, M., Hogue, A.

    The purpose of this study was to quantify the changes in oxygen (O 2) and carbon dioxide (CO 2) in sealed refrigerator trucks scheduled to be used for transporting companion animals (dogs and cats) during an emergency evacuation. A total of 122 nonhuman animals (total weight=1,248 kg) housed in...

  6. Validating the use of qualitative behavioral assessment as a measure of the welfare of sheep during transport

    Contributor(s):: Wickham, S. L., Collins, T., Barnes, A. L., Miller, D. W., Beatty, D. T., Stockman, C. A., Blache, D., Wemelsfelder, F., Fleming, P. A.

    We tested the application of qualitative behavioral assessment (QBA) as a welfare assessment tool. Sheep were exposed to road transport treatments, and behavioral expressions were compared between experimental treatments and validated by correlation with physiological measures. We compared...

  7. Pet dogs as sentinels for environmental contamination

    Contributor(s):: Backer, L. C., Grindem, C. B., Corbett, W. T., Cullins, L., Hunter, J. L.

  8. Can Presence of a Dog Reduce Pain and Distress in Children during Venipuncture?

    Contributor(s):: Vagnoli, Laura, Caprilli, Simona, Vernucci, Chiara, Zagni, Silvia, Mugnai, Francesca, Messeri, Andrea

  9. Know thyself. Learning to better recognize highs and lows may help prevent blood glucose extremes

    Contributor(s):: Gebel, Erika

  10. Prevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi antibodies in blood donors from Veracruz State, Mexico

    Contributor(s):: Hernández-Romano, Pablo, Cámara-Contreras, Mireya, Bravo-Sarmiento, Elidé, López-Balderas, Nayali

  11. Evaluating protein residues on Gainey phase Paleoindian stone tools

    Contributor(s):: Seeman, Mark F.

  12. The heavenly cow Rupan and the festival of ceremonial torture Gaigoheri: myth, rituals and sacrifice among the people of the Bhil tribe of western India

    Contributor(s):: Sahay, Sarita

  13. Cancer odor in the blood of ovarian cancer patients: a retrospective study of detection by dogs during treatment, 3 and 6 months afterward

    Contributor(s):: Horvath, G., Andersson, H., Nemes, S.

  14. An initial investigation into the effects of isolation and enrichment on the welfare of laboratory pigs housed in the PigTurn system, assessed using tear staining, behaviour, physiology and haematology

    Contributor(s):: DeBoer, S. P., Garner, J. P., McCain, R. R., Lay, D. C., Jr., Eicher, S. D., Marchant-Forde, J. N.

    In some parts of the world, the laboratory pig ( Sus scrofa) is often housed in individual, sterile housing which may impose stress. Our objectives were to determine the effects of isolation and enrichment on pigs housed within the PigTurn - a novel penning system with automated blood sampling -...

  15. Effects of prepartum housing environment on abnormal behaviour, the farrowing process, and interactions with circulating oxytocin in sows

    Contributor(s):: Yun, JinHyeon, Swan, K. M., Oliviero, C., Peltoniemi, O., Valros, A.

    We evaluated the effects on sows of prepartum housing environment on bar-biting (BB) behaviour prior to parturition, farrowing duration from first to tenth piglets, litter size, and circulating oxytocin (OT) concentrations during birth of the first five piglets. A total of 35 sows, approximately...

  16. Do rubber rings coated with lignocaine reduce the pain associated with ring castration of lambs?

    Contributor(s):: Stewart, M., Beausoleil, N. J., Johnson, C. B., Webster, J. R., Schutz, K. E., Cox, N., Stafford, K. J.

    To facilitate the wider use of pain relief on-farm, practical 'farmer friendly' methods for administering pain relief are necessary. This proof of concept study evaluated the efficacy of rubber rings coated with local anaesthetic (LA, lignocaine) for providing pain relief in lambs castrated 4...

  17. Prepartum nest-building has an impact on postpartum nursing performance and maternal behaviour in early lactating sows

    Contributor(s):: Yun, JinHyeon, Swan, K. M., Farmer, C., Oliviero, C., Peltoniemi, O., Valros, A.

    The effects of facilitating prepartum nest-building (NB) behaviour, by providing abundant nesting materials, on postpartum maternal characteristics in early lactating sows were evaluated. A total of 35 sows, approximately seven days before the expected parturition date, were housed in: (1) CRATE...

  18. Physiological effects of human-animal positive interaction in dogs - review of the literature

    Contributor(s):: Pop, D., Rusu, A. S., Pop-Vancia, V., Papuc, I., Constantinescu, R., Miresan, V.

    Positive human-animal interactions (HAI) are known to increase the quality of life in both humans and dogs. Although there are several reviews on the benefits of HAI in humans, there are no reviews on the effects of positive HAI in dogs. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to provide a review of...

  19. A multidisciplinary approach to assess the welfare of weaned pigs during transport at three space allowances

    Contributor(s):: Sutherland, M. A., Bryer, P. J., Davis, B. L., McGlone, J. J.

    Transport can be a stressful experience for pigs, especially in pigs simultaneously experiencing weaning stress. The objective of this study was to use a multidisciplinary approach to assess the welfare of weaned pigs during transport at 3 space allowances. A commercial semitrailer, fitted with...

  20. A veterinary and behavioral analysis of dolphin killing methods currently used in the "drive hunt" in Taiji, Japan

    Contributor(s):: Butterworth, A., Brakes, P., Vail, C. S., Reiss, D.

    Annually in Japanese waters, small cetaceans are killed in "drive hunts" with quotas set by the government of Japan. The Taiji Fishing Cooperative in Japan has published the details of a new killing method that involves cutting (transecting) the spinal cord and purports to reduce time to death....