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  1. Description and evaluation of a canine volunteer blood donor program

    Contributor(s):: DeLuca, L. A., Glass, S. G., Johnson, R. E., Burger, M.

    Human volunteer blood donor programs are commonplace, but the concept of nonhuman animal blood banking is relatively new. Few studies exist regarding efficacy, donor screening, and safety for volunteer companion animals. This retrospective study evaluated a nonprofit, community-based canine...

  2. Function of tongue-playing of cattle in association with other behavioral and physiological characteristics

    Contributor(s):: Ishiwata, T., Uetake, K., Eguchi, Y., Tanaka, T.

    To study the function of tongue-playing of cattle, this study observed 71 Japanese Black x Holstein steers after feeding in 2 repetitive experiments. The number of steers who performed tongue-playing did not differ among the 3 levels of environmentally enriched pens. Most (90.6%) performances of...

  3. Simple cannulation procedure for serial blood sampling through cutaneous ulnar vein in chickens

    Contributor(s):: Bayer, D. M., Mohan, K., Jayakumar, K., Manafi, M., Pavithra, B. H.

    The objective of the study was to collect repeated, low-stress blood samples from the ulnar vein of chickens required for pharmacokinetic studies or hormonal assays. The study used 5 apparently healthy, unsexed, commercial broiler chickens about 6 weeks old and weighing 1.7-1.9 kg for serial...

  4. The effects of chronic exposure to common bedding materials on the metabolic rate and overall health of male CD-1 mice

    Contributor(s):: Becker, C. E., Mathur, C. F., Rehnberg, B. G.

    Anecdotes and personal Web pages claim that cedar and pine beddings cause respiratory distress in rodents, although no previous research could be found to support these claims. There have, however, been published studies of respiratory distress in cedar and pine mill workers. That research links...

  5. The welfare of young Polish Konik horses subjected to agricultural workload

    Contributor(s):: Kedzierski, W., Pluta, M.

    Every year a new group of young Polish Konik colts are separated from the forest herds to be trained in the stable breeding system. The aim of this study was to evaluate how the young Polish Konik horses who had been born in a forest reserve adapt to and tolerate draft work. Two groups of 6...

  6. Variations of some physiological and immunological parameters in Siberian sturgeon ( Acipenser baerii, Brandt, 1869) subjected to an acute stressor

    Contributor(s):: Eslamloo, K., Falahatkar, B.

    This study was carried out to investigate the effect of an acute stressor on the variation of some physiological and immunological parameters of Siberian sturgeon ( Acipenser baerii) juveniles. Fish, reared in 3 tanks for 10 weeks, were used for this study. The acute stress of fish consisted of 2...

  7. Working with rather than against macaques during blood collection. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V.

    Training macaques to cooperate during blood collection is a practicable and safe alternative to the traditional procedure implying forced restraint. It takes a cumulative total of about 1 hr to train an adult female or adult male rhesus macaque successfully to present a leg voluntarily and accept...

  8. A comparison of handling methods relevant to the religious slaughter of sheep

    Contributor(s):: Bates, L. S. W., Ford, E. A., Brown, S. N., Richards, G. J., Hadley, P. J., Wotton, S. B., Knowles, T. G.

    Legislation governing non-stun slaughter of sheep in England requires that they are individually and mechanically restrained for slaughter and not moved for at least 20 s post neck cut, until unconsciousness or insensibility occurs. Complying with the need for individual handling, in what is a...

  9. A comparison of welfare outcomes for weaner and mature Bos indicus bulls surgically or tension band castrated with or without analgesia: 2. Responses related to stress, health and productivity

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Small, A. H., Mayer, D. G., Colditz, I. G., Ferguson, D. M., Stafford, K. J.

    Tension banding castration of cattle is gaining favour because it is relatively simple to perform and is promoted by retailers of the banders as a humane castration method. Two experiments were conducted, under tropical conditions using Bos indicus bulls comparing tension banding (Band) and...

  10. Use of conditioned place preference/avoidance tests to assess affective states in fish

    Contributor(s):: Millot, S., Cerqueira, M., Castanheira, M. F., Overli, O., Martins, C. I. M., Oliveira, R. F.

    Animal welfare has been defined as the balance between positive and negative experiences or affective states. Despite the growing evidence of complex cognitive abilities and the expression of affective states such as pain and fear, very little is known about ability to experience memory based...

  11. Effects of growth pattern and dietary protein level during rearing on feed intake, eating time, eating rate, behavior, plasma corticosterone concentration, and feather cover in broiler breeder females during the rearing and laying period

    Contributor(s):: Emous, R. A. van, Kwakkel, R., Krimpen, M. van, Hendriks, W.

    An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of growth patterns (GP) and dietary crude protein levels (CP) during rearing (2-22 weeks of age) on feed intake, eating time, eating rate, behavior, plasma corticosterone concentration, and feather cover in broiler breeder females during the...

  12. Effects of pre-transport nutrient supplementation and transport duration on the post-transport blood biochemistry, bodyweight and welfare of ostriches

    Contributor(s):: Bejaei, M., Bennett, D. C., Schaefer, A. L., Cheng, K. M.

    There are very few abattoirs in North America that process ostriches ( Struthio camelus) which means producers are forced to transport their birds over long distances (>500 km) for processing. The objectives of this research were to investigate the effects of pre-transport nutrient...

  13. Mobile abattoir versus conventional slaughterhouse - impact on stress parameters and meat quality characteristics in Norwegian lambs

    Contributor(s):: Eriksen, M. S., Rodbotten, R., Grondahl, A. M., Friestad, M., Andersen, I. L., Mejdell, C. M.

    The aim of the present study was to investigate possible differences in certain stress parameters and meat quality characteristics between Norwegian lambs slaughtered at a mobile abattoir (at two different localities) versus lambs slaughtered at a conventional, stationary slaughterhouse. Lambs...

  14. The effects of drug detection training on behavioral reactivity and blood neurotransmitter levels in drug detection dogs: a preliminary study

    Contributor(s):: Riva, J., Marelli, S. P., Redaelli, V., Bondiolotti, G. P., Sforzini, E., Santoro, M. M., Carenzi, C., Verga, M., Luzi, F.

    The aim of the present study was to analyze the effects of drug detection training on behavior and blood neurotransmitter levels in drug detection dogs so as to investigate some variables influencing dog reactivity and responsiveness to training. In all, 20 dogs were sampled out of the Guardia di...

  15. An objective measure of reactive behaviour in horses

    Contributor(s):: Noble, G. K., Blackshaw, K. L., Cowling, A., Harris, P. A., Sillence, M. N.

  16. Behavioural testing to determine differences between coping styles in grey parrots ( Psittacus erithacus erithacus) with and without feather damaging behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Zeeland, Y. R. A. van, Aa, M. M. J. A. van der, Vinke, C. M., Lumeij, J. T., Schoemaker, N. J.

  17. Differences in serotonin serum concentration between aggressive English cocker spaniels and aggressive dogs of other breeds

    Contributor(s):: Amat, M., Brech, S. le, Camps, T., Torrente, C., Mariotti, V. M., Ruiz, J. L., Manteca, X.

  18. Environmental enrichment and social rank affects the fear and stress response to regular handling of dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Miranda-de la Lama, G. C., Pinal, R., Fuchs, K., Montaldo, H. H., Ducoing, A., Galindo, F.

  19. Hormonal stress response of laboratory mice to conventional and minimally invasive bleeding techniques

    Contributor(s):: Voigt, C. C., Klockner, P., Touma, C., Neuschl, C., Brockmann, G., Goritz, F., Palme, R., Thomsen, R.

  20. Influence of gentle touching applied few weeks before slaughter on avoidance distance and slaughter stress in finishing cattle

    Contributor(s):: Probst, J. K., Hillmann, E., Leiber, F., Kreuzer, M., Neff, A. S.