A Case of Letting the Cat out of The Bag—Why Trap-Neuter-Return Is Not an Ethical Solution for Stray Cat (Felis catus) Management
| Contributor(s):: Heather M. Crawford, Michael C. Calver, Patricia A. Fleming
Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR) programs, in which stray cats are captured, neutered and returned to the environment are advocated as a humane, ethical alternative to euthanasia. We review the TNR literature in light of current debate over whether or not there should be further TNR trials in...
A cross-cultural comparison of reports by German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America
| Contributor(s):: Wan, M., Kubinyi, E., Miklosi, A., Champagne, F.
Cross-cultural comparisons of dog behavior and dog-keeping practices are limited. The current study compared the questionnaire responses of German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America (USA). Owners provided information about their dog-keeping practices, as well as reports...
A review of the humaneness of puntilla as a slaughter method
| Contributor(s):: Limon, G., Guitian, J., Gregory, N. G.
Acculturation, obesity and eating disorders
| Contributor(s):: Keski-Rahkonen, Anna
Admissions of cats to animal welfare shelters in Melbourne, Australia
| Contributor(s):: Marston, L. C., Bennett, P. C.
Although the number of companion animal (pet) cats (Felis catus) in Australia is decreasing, there has not been a corresponding reduction in feline admissions to nonhuman animal welfare shelters. This study tracked 15,206 cat admissions to 1 large Melbourne shelter over a 12-month period. Data...
An analysis of animal-based versus resource-based comments in official animal welfare inspection reports from organic and conventional farms in Sweden
| Contributor(s):: Keeling, L. J.
This study analysed the free use of phrases related to animal-based and resource-based measures of animal welfare in Swedish state animal welfare inspection reports on conventional (C) and organic (O) farms. From 244 reports by 35 inspectors, 88 were analysed as matched pairs of C and O farms...
An evaluation of mattresses and mats in two dairy units
| Contributor(s):: Chaplin, S. J., Tierney, G., Stockwell, C., Logue, D. N., Kelly, M.
In order to investigate the relative merits of mats and mattresses in terms of cow comfort, production and performance, 29 cows were housed on ethylethene vinyl acetate mats and 29 on mattresses of loose rubber crumb with a polypropylene cover, at each of 2 similar dairy units of the Scottish...
Animal-based measures for welfare assessment
| Contributor(s):: Sevi, A.
Animal welfare assessment cannot be irrespective of measures taken on animals. Indeed, housing parameters related to structures, design and micro-environment, even when reliable and easier to take, can only identify conditions which could be detrimental to animal welfare, but cannot predict poor...
Assessing dominance in sheep in a competitive situation: level of motivation and test duration
| Contributor(s):: Erhard, H. W., Fabrega, E., Stanworth, G., Elston, D. A.
The dominance structure in an established group of sheep is often difficult to determine in the field, because of the low frequency of agonistic interactions, often resulting in some pairs of animals not interacting at all in the observation period. A solution to this problem is to test each pair...
Assessment of animal welfare in 80 dairy cow herds in cubicle housing # animal health and other animal-related parameters
| Contributor(s):: Rouha-Mulleder, C., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.
Introduction: With growing concerns about farm animal welfare (e.g. by consumers; WILDNER, 1998), knowledge about the actual situation with regard to animal welfare on farms is important. Valid assessment of animal welfare requires the use of animal-based parameters, while environmental...
Assessment of sheep welfare using on-farm registrations and performance data
| Contributor(s):: Stubsjoen, S. M., Hektoen, L., Valle, P. S., Janczak, A. M., Zanella, A. J.
Farm animal welfare is a societal concern, and the need exists for scientific protocols to assess welfare. This paper describes the development of a protocol to assess the welfare of sheep (Ovis aries) and its application in 36 farms in Norway. There were two parts to the protocol; the animal-...
Assessment of the welfare of working horses, mules and donkeys, using health and behaviour parameters
| Contributor(s):: Pritchard, J. C., Lindberg, A. C., Main, D. C. J., Whay, H. R.
Working animals provide an essential transport resource in developing countries worldwide. Many of these animals are owned by poor people and work in harsh environments, so their welfare is a cause for concern. A protocol was developed to assess the welfare of working horses, mules and donkeys in...
Assessment of welfare and productive performance in dairy cows organically reared in plains or hilly areas
| Contributor(s):: Martelli, G., Valla, H., Bucci, D., Zaghini, G., Vignola, G., Sardi, L.
The aim of this study was to investigate several production parameters and the level of welfare of organic dairy cows kept in two different geographical and social contexts. The study group included 1,751 cows from 19 organic dairy farms, 11 of which were situated in hilly areas and 8 in plains...
Attitudes of Canadian beef producers toward animal welfare
| Contributor(s):: Spooner, J. M., Schuppli, C. A., Fraser, D.
Body condition of feral cats and the effect of neutering
| Contributor(s):: Scott, K. C., Levy, J. K., Gorman, S. P., Newell, S. M.
Considerable debate exists regarding the most appropriate methods for controlling feral cat populations, both from humane and logistical points of view. The physical condition of feral cats has not been reported, and it is not known if these cats benefit from neutering. This study investigates...
Body condition score as an indicator of ewe survival under extensive conditions
| Contributor(s):: Morgan-Davies, C., Waterhouse, A., Pollock, M. L., Milner, J. M.
Survival and mortality of extensive hill ewes are important commercial factors and valuable indicators of welfare, but difficult to study. Body condition scoring is a tried-and-tested management and monitoring tool which has been defined as a good predictor of fitness in ewes and is easily...
Body weight affects behavioural indication of thermal nociceptive threshold in adult domestic cats (Felis catus)
| Contributor(s):: Farnworth, Mark J., Barrett, Lorelle A., Adams, Nigel J., Beausoleil, Ngaio J., Hekman, Margreet, Thomas, David G., Waran, Natalie K., Stafford, Kevin J.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) thermal lasers have previously been validated for the assessment of nociception in cats. This experiment sought to assess the potential impact of factors associated with age, sex, body weight and sterilisation upon nociceptive threshold as measured by latency to display a...
Challenges and paradoxes in the companion-animal niche
| Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Bennett, P. C.
By definition, the companion-animal niche demands merely that animals must provide companionship. At first glance, this may seem easy enough, but the forces that contribute to success in this niche are complex. Indeed, success as a companion is rarely measured in terms of biological fitness, and...
Characteristics of 24 cases of animal hoarding in Spain
| Contributor(s):: Calvo, P., Duarte, C., Bowen, J., Bulbena, A., Fatjo, J.
Animal hoarding is considered to be an under-reported problem, which affects the welfare of both people and animals. Few published studies on animal hoarding are available in the scientific literature, particularly outside North America. The present study was designed to obtain data on animal...
Chronic neurophysiological and anatomical changes associated with infrared beak treatment and their implications for laying hen welfare
| Contributor(s):: McKeegan, D. E. F., Philbey, A. W.