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  1. The benefits of high rank in the wintertime - a study of the Icelandic horse

    Contributor(s):: Ingolfsdottir, H. B., Sigurjonsdottir, H.

    Behaviour and location of individuals in five groups (N=10; 19; 23; 28; and 30) of Icelandic horses kept in large pastures was documented to see if rank position influenced access to hay and shelter in the wintertime. Rank orders were significantly linear in all groups and correlated with both...

  2. The presence of mind: on reunifying the animal mind and body

    Contributor(s):: McMillan, F. D., Rollin, B. E.

  3. Intensity of oestrus signalling is the most relevant indicator for animal well-being in high-producing dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Garcia, E., Hultgren, J., Fallman, P., Geust, J., Algers, B., Stilwell, G., Gunnarsson, S., Rodriguez-Martinez, H.

    Full signalling of oestrous behaviour is vital for proper timing of AI and good reproductive performance, currently jeopardized by shorter observations of oestrus behaviour. Alternative indicators including progesterone (P4) recordings on-farm are tested. Oestrous intensity of 37 heifers (H) and...

  4. Factors affecting the likelihood of release of injured and orphaned woodpigeons ( Columba palumbus )

    Contributor(s):: Kelly, A., Halstead, C., Hunter, D., Leighton, K., Grogan, A., Harris, M.

    Very little is known about the fate of the large numbers of injured and orphaned wild animals taken to wildlife rehabilitation centres in the UK each year. We reviewed the reasons for admission and outcomes for 2,653 woodpigeons (Columba palumbus), 68% of which were juveniles, brought to an RSPCA...

  5. Assessment of animal welfare in 80 dairy cow herds in cubicle housing # animal health and other animal-related parameters

    Contributor(s):: Rouha-Mulleder, C., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    Introduction: With growing concerns about farm animal welfare (e.g. by consumers; WILDNER, 1998), knowledge about the actual situation with regard to animal welfare on farms is important. Valid assessment of animal welfare requires the use of animal-based parameters, while environmental...

  6. Assessment of the welfare of working horses, mules and donkeys, using health and behaviour parameters

    Contributor(s):: Pritchard, J. C., Lindberg, A. C., Main, D. C. J., Whay, H. R.

    Working animals provide an essential transport resource in developing countries worldwide. Many of these animals are owned by poor people and work in harsh environments, so their welfare is a cause for concern. A protocol was developed to assess the welfare of working horses, mules and donkeys in...

  7. Comparison of strength of the human-animal bond between Hispanic and non-Hispanic owners of pet dogs and cats

    Contributor(s):: Schoenfeld-Tacher, R., Kogan, L. R., Wright, M. L.

    Objective - To assess differences in strength of the human-animal bond between Hispanic and non-Hispanic owners and determine whether these variations were associated with differences in medical care for pets. Design - Survey. Sample Population - 419 pet owners presenting a dog or cat for...

  8. Animal-based measures for welfare assessment

    Contributor(s):: Sevi, A.

    Animal welfare assessment cannot be irrespective of measures taken on animals. Indeed, housing parameters related to structures, design and micro-environment, even when reliable and easier to take, can only identify conditions which could be detrimental to animal welfare, but cannot predict poor...

  9. On the development of a monitoring scheme of buffalo welfare at farm level

    Contributor(s):: Rosa, G. de, Napolitano, F., Grasso, F., Pacelli, C., Bordi, A.

    In the present review, some animal-related indicators, possibly relevant for a monitoring scheme of buffalo cow welfare at the farm level, are suggested. The indicators are discussed on the basis of their validity (meaningful with respect to animal welfare), reliability (reflecting the tendency...

  10. The welfare of dairy buffalo. (Special Issue: Criteria and methods for the assessment of animal welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Rosa, G. de, Grasso, F., Pacelli, C., Napolitano, F., Winckler, C.

    The present paper addresses the issue on buffalo welfare. Firstly, the biological characteristics and behavioural needs of buffalo are considered. Subsequently, the effects of intensive farming and some animal-related indicators, to be used for a monitoring scheme of buffalo welfare at farm...

  11. Do different levels of moderate feed deprivation in dairy cows affect feeding motivation?

    Contributor(s):: Schutz, K., Davison, D., Matthews, L.

    Dairy cows grazed on pasture are likely to experience seasonal fluctuations in both the quantity and quality of forage available. In order to better understand how the variation in feed supply influences animal welfare, we need to understand the degree of hunger experienced during various levels...

  12. Effects of shelter and body condition on the behaviour and physiology of dairy cattle in winter

    Contributor(s):: Tucker, C. B., Rogers, A. R., Verkerk, G. A., Kendall, P. E., Webster, J. R., Matthews, L. R.

    Our objective was to understand how body condition and shelter affected behavioural and physiological responses of dairy cattle during winter weather. Twenty non-lactating dairy cows were divided into two groups of 10. Within each group, five animals had a high body condition score (9 out of 10)...

  13. Maternal care and foal social relationships in a herd of Sorraia horses: influence of maternal rank and experience

    Contributor(s):: Heitor, F., Vicente, L.

    The influence of maternal rank and experience on patterns of maternal care and social relationships of foals were investigated in a managed herd of Sorraia horses, Equus caballus. Social interactions and spatial relationships of 13 foals (seven females and six males) born to seven mares were...

  14. The influence of bedding depth on behaviour in golden hamsters ( Mesocricetus auratus )

    Contributor(s):: Hauzenberger, A. R., Gebhardt-Henrich, S. G., Steiger, A.

    Although digging was found to be important in captive rodents, most golden hamsters are provided with only little material to dig. In this study, the influence of different bedding depths and acute stressors on the behaviour and welfare of golden hamsters was analysed. Forty-five male golden...

  15. Relationships between behaviour and health in working horses, donkeys, and mules in developing countries

    Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Dennison, T. L., Whay, H. R.

    Recent studies raise serious welfare concerns regarding the estimated 93.6 million horses, donkeys and mules in developing countries. Most equids are used for work in poor communities, and are commonly afflicted with wounds, poor body condition, respiratory diseases, parasites, dental problems,...

  16. Time spent in shade and its relationship with physiological factors of thermoregulation in three breeds of cattle

    Contributor(s):: Bennett, I. L., Finch, V. A., Holmes, C. R.

    Six Brahman, 6 Shorthorn and 6 Brahman X Hereford X Shorthorn steers were kept in a yard which consisted of 4 areas exposed to direct sunlight and 3 shaded areas covered by canopies which reduced the transmission of direct solar radiation by 50, 70 and 80% (low-, medium- and high-shade areas...

  17. An analysis of animal-based versus resource-based comments in official animal welfare inspection reports from organic and conventional farms in Sweden

    Contributor(s):: Keeling, L. J.

    This study analysed the free use of phrases related to animal-based and resource-based measures of animal welfare in Swedish state animal welfare inspection reports on conventional (C) and organic (O) farms. From 244 reports by 35 inspectors, 88 were analysed as matched pairs of C and O farms...

  18. Assessment of sheep welfare using on-farm registrations and performance data

    Contributor(s):: Stubsjoen, S. M., Hektoen, L., Valle, P. S., Janczak, A. M., Zanella, A. J.

    Farm animal welfare is a societal concern, and the need exists for scientific protocols to assess welfare. This paper describes the development of a protocol to assess the welfare of sheep (Ovis aries) and its application in 36 farms in Norway. There were two parts to the protocol; the animal-...

  19. Assessment of welfare and productive performance in dairy cows organically reared in plains or hilly areas

    Contributor(s):: Martelli, G., Valla, H., Bucci, D., Zaghini, G., Vignola, G., Sardi, L.

    The aim of this study was to investigate several production parameters and the level of welfare of organic dairy cows kept in two different geographical and social contexts. The study group included 1,751 cows from 19 organic dairy farms, 11 of which were situated in hilly areas and 8 in plains...

  20. Body condition score as an indicator of ewe survival under extensive conditions

    Contributor(s):: Morgan-Davies, C., Waterhouse, A., Pollock, M. L., Milner, J. M.

    Survival and mortality of extensive hill ewes are important commercial factors and valuable indicators of welfare, but difficult to study. Body condition scoring is a tried-and-tested management and monitoring tool which has been defined as a good predictor of fitness in ewes and is easily...