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  1. Challenges and paradoxes in the companion-animal niche

    Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Bennett, P. C.

    By definition, the companion-animal niche demands merely that animals must provide companionship. At first glance, this may seem easy enough, but the forces that contribute to success in this niche are complex. Indeed, success as a companion is rarely measured in terms of biological fitness, and...

  2. Does rubber flooring improve welfare and production in growing bulls in fully slatted floor pens?

    Contributor(s):: Graunke, K. L., Telezhenko, E., Hessle, A., Bergsten, C., Loberg, J. M.

    This study compared the effects of concrete slats (CS), synthetic rubber slats on aluminium profiles (RS) and slotted rubber mats on concrete slats (RM) in fully slatted floor pens on behaviour, claw and leg disorders, claw horn growth, cleanliness and production parameters of growing dairy bulls...

  3. Meta-analysis - a systematic and quantitative review of animal experiments to maximise the information derived

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C.

    Meta-analysis provides a tool to statistically aggregate data from existing randomised controlled animal experiments. The results can then be summarised across a range of conditions and an increased pool of experimental data can be subjected to statistical analysis. New information can be...

  4. Morphological changes in European goldfinches ( Carduelis carduelis ) released by bird trappers

    Contributor(s):: Dominguez, J., Vidal, M., Tapia, L.

    In Spain, several Autonomous Communities have granted licenses to capture European goldfinches (Carduelis carduelis parva) during the post-breeding period, from August to December. In Galicia (NW Spain) and other Autonomous Communities, after 5-7 months of captivity, many birds are released. We...

  5. Observer reliability for working equine welfare assessment: problems with high prevalences of certain results

    Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Pritchard, J. C., Whay, H. R.

    Welfare issues relevant to equids working in developing countries may differ greatly to those of sport and companion equids in developed countries. In this study, we test the observer reliability of a working equine welfare assessment, demonstrating how prevalence of certain observations reduces...

  6. Preliminary evaluation of a prototype welfare monitoring system for sows and piglets (Welfare QualityReg. project)

    Contributor(s):: Scott, K., Binnendijk, G. P., Edwards, S. A., Guy, J. H., Kiezebrink, M. C., Vermeer, H. M.

    The Welfare QualityReg. project aims to develop a European on-farm welfare assessment standard for pigs, amongst other species. A prototype monitoring system was developed for sows and piglets using predominantly animal-based measures of behaviour, health and physiology to assess welfare. The...

  7. Selection of parameters for on-farm welfare-assessment protocols in cattle and buffalo

    Contributor(s):: Winckler, C., Capdeville, J., Gebresenbet, G., Horning, B., Roiha, U., Tosi, M., Waiblinger, S.

    On-farm welfare-assessment protocols should be based on valid, reliable and feasible indicators that reflect the animal's state in the context of the housing and management system. This paper focuses on the selection of parameters for cattle and buffalo from welfare research, from assessment...

  8. The effect of morphology on the musculoskeletal system of the modern broiler

    Contributor(s):: Corr, S. A., Gentle, M. J., McCorquodale, C. C., Bennett, D.

    This study compared various morphometric features of two strains of broilers, selected and 'relaxed' (ie random-bred), raised under two feeding regimes, ad-libitum-fed and restricted-fed. We consider the possible consequences of the different body shapes on the musculoskeletal system. The...

  9. The effects of selection on low mortality and brooding by a mother hen on open-field response, feather pecking and cannibalism in laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Rodenburg, T. B., Uitdehaag, K. A., Ellen, E. D., Komen, J.

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of selection on low mortality in combination with brooding by a mother hen on open-field response at 5-6 weeks of age and on plumage and body condition at 42 weeks of age. Birds in the experiment were either selected for low mortality in...

  10. The husbandry, welfare and health of captive African civets ( Vivera civetica ) in western Ethiopa

    Contributor(s):: Tolosa, T., Regassa, F.

    A study was carried out during the period from September 2001 to August 2002 in Jimma zone, western Ethiopia to evaluate the husbandry and health of captive African civets (Vivera civetica). Wild civets were found in the wild in all 13 of the districts in the zone, although traditional...

  11. The use of a hand-held algometer as a method to measure mechanical nociceptive thresholds in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Stubsjoen, S. M., Valle, P. S., Zanella, A. J.

    The aim of this study was to explore the use of a hand-held algometer for the measurement of mechanical nociceptive thresholds (MNT) in sheep (Ovis aries). Twelve ewes were tested over three consecutive days by two operators, and MNTs were measured over six predetermined sites on both forelimbs...

  12. The use of conjoint analysis to determine the importance of factors that affect on-farm welfare of the dairy cow

    Contributor(s):: Angus, L. J., Bowen, H., Gill, L. A. S., Knowles, T. G., Butterworth, A.

    A large range of variables can affect the welfare of the dairy cow, making it difficult to assess the overall 'level of welfare' of the individual animal. Two groups of individuals completed a questionnaire based upon the 'five freedoms': 26 respondents had expertise either in the field of dairy...

  13. Using a national dairy database to identify herds with poor welfare

    Contributor(s):: Sandgren, C. H., Lindberg, A., Keeling, L. J.

    This research project was carried out by the Swedish Dairy Association as part of the development of a 'Scheme for Animal Welfare'. As a first step, on-farm, animal-based measurements on calves, young stock and cows in 55 randomly selected herds were performed. Nine animal-based measurements...

  14. Validation of an Animal Needs Index for cattle using Test Theory

    Contributor(s):: Herva, T., Peltoniemi, O., Virtala, A. M.

    The validity of an ANI-based welfare index for cattle, the A-Index, was evaluated using Test Theory methods described for quality of life assessments in human medicine. Content validity was considered during the modification of the Index for Finnish beef production. In total, 43 items evaluating...

  15. Welfare assessment of laying hens in furnished cages and non-cage systems: an on-farm comparison

    Contributor(s):: Rodenburg, T. B., Tuyttens, F. A. M., Reu, K. de, Herman, L., Zoons, J., Sonck, B.

    From 2012 onwards, all laying hens in Europe will need to be housed either in furnished cages or non-cage systems (aviaries or floor-housing systems). In terms of animal welfare, furnished cages and non-cage systems both have advantages and disadvantages. Data on direct comparisons between the...

  16. Welfare assessment of working donkeys: assessment of the impact of an animal healthcare project in West Kenya

    Contributor(s):: Leeb, C., Henstridge, C., Dewhurst, K., Bazeley, K.

    Development agencies and animal welfare charities try to improve the health and welfare of livestock in the developing world by educating owners and providing health care. The impact assessment of these projects relies mainly upon input-related parameters (eg number of animals treated or...

  17. Welfare epidemiology as a tool to assess the welfare impact of inherited defects on the pedigree dog population

    Contributor(s):: Collins, L. M., Asher, L., Summers, J. F., Diesel, G., McGreevy, P. D.

    The effect that breed standards and selective breeding practices have on the welfare of pedigree dogs has recently come under scrutiny from both the general public and scientific community. Recent research has suggested that breeding for particular aesthetic traits, such as tightly curled tails,...

  18. Human-animal relationship and welfare of the domiciled dog

    Contributor(s):: Ferreira, S. A., Sampaio, I. B. M.

    The aim of this study was to verify the eventual association between man-dog relationship and the animal welfare. Relationships among raising conditions of 60 dogs, owner's progressiveness and attitude and animal welfare were studied through multiple correspondence analysis. The investigation...

  19. The horse as a companion animal. (UFAW Animal Welfare Series)

    Contributor(s):: Loving, N. S.

    This chapter focuses on the welfare issues associated with horses kept as companion animals. The use of the companion horse for athletic pursuits, breeding, overprotection of foals, incompatibility of the horse to the purchaser, sale and purchase of horses with behavioural problems, loss of...

  20. Welfare assessment in cattle in two housing systems

    Contributor(s):: Brule, A., Lequenne, D., Capdeville, J., Botreau, R., Veissier, I., David, V.

    This study specifically focused on the welfare of dairy cows, as the first step towards a practical tool to assess some aspects of animal welfare on farms. First, 12 indicators were recorded in ten Prim'Holstein dairy farms (five free-stall housing and five tie-stall housing). Measurements were...