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  1. Working Dogs Drinking a Nutrient-Enriched Water Maintain Cooler Body Temperature and Improved Pulse Rate Recovery After Exercise

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Brian M. Zanghi, Patrick J. Robbins, Meghan T. Ramos, Cynthia M. Otto

    Exercise-related physiological changes were evaluated in hydrated, exercise-conditioned working dogs with free access to tap water (TW) with or without a nutrient-enriched water supplement (NW). Physiological samples and measures were collected before and after work-related field tasks in a...

  2. Changes in behaviour of dairy cows with clinical mastitis

    | Contributor(s):: Sepulveda-Varas, P., Proudfoot, K. L., Weary, D. M., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von

    Behaviour is an important tool for recognizing illness in animals. One of the most common diseases in dairy cattle is clinical mastitis. Evidence suggests that cows with this disease show sickness behaviours, but little is known about the progression of behavioural changes before and after the...

  3. Hippotherapy and features of horses used in therapyHippoterapi ve terapide kullanilan atlarin ozellikleri

    | Contributor(s):: Koseman, A., Seker, I.

    The aim of this study is to highlight both the hippotherapy, which is used as a method of therapy for mentally and physically disabled individuals and features of horses used in therapy. Shortly, hippotherapy, which means "the therapy by means of a horse", has neuro-physiological mechanism....

  4. The physiological and behavioural impact of sensory contact among unfamiliar adult mice in the laboratory

    | Contributor(s):: Rettich, A., Kasermann, H. P., Pelczar, P., Burki, K., Arras, M.

    Housing mice in the laboratory in groups enables social interaction and is the way a laboratory should house mice. However, adult males show reciprocal aggression and are therefore frequently housed individually. Alternatively, a grid divider, which allows sensory contact by sight and smell but...

  5. There's a rat in my room! Now what? Mice show no chronic physiological response to the presence of rats

    | Contributor(s):: Meijer, M. K., Loo, P. L. P. van, Baumans, V.

    In general, guidelines on housing and care of animals in the laboratory state that rats and mice should not be housed in the same room. Mice may perceive rats as predators. Although one theory says this can cause stress, there is little scientific evidence to support this theory. In the wild,...

  6. Physiological and behavioral assessment in dogs used in Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT)

    | Contributor(s):: Yamamoto, K. C. M., Silva, E. Y. T., Costa, K. N., Souza, M. S., Silva, M. L. M., Albuquerque, V. B., Pinheiro, D. M., Bernabe, D. G., Oliva, V. N. L. S.

  7. Sickness behaviours in ducks include anorexia but not lethargy

    | Contributor(s):: Marais, M., Maloney, S. K., Gray, D. A.

  8. The effects of the presence of a companion animal on physiological arousal and behavioral distress in children during a physical examination

    | Contributor(s):: Nagengast, S. L., Baun, M. M., Megel, M., Leibowitz, J. M.

  9. The ecology and behaviour of Varanus mertensi (Reptilia: Varanidae)

    | Contributor(s):: Phillip James Mayes

    This study examines numerous aspects of the ecology and behaviour of Merten’s Water Monitor, Varanus mertensi (Reptilia: Varanidae) including; daily behaviour, diet, foraging behaviour, reproductive seasonality and daily and long-term movements. Findings from over two years of field study of V....

  10. The effect of keel fractures on egg-production parameters, mobility and behaviour in individual laying hens

    | Contributor(s):: Nasr, M. A. F., Murrell, J., Wilkins, L. J., Nicol, C. J.

  11. Dairy cows prefer shade that offers greater protection against solar radiation in summer: shade use, behaviour, and body temperature

    | Contributor(s):: Schutz, K. E., Rogers, A. R., Cox, N. R., Tucker, C. B.

    There is considerable evidence that shade is a valuable resource for cattle in summer, but less is known about the important design features of effective shade. The aim of this experiment was to investigate if lactating dairy cows have a preference for shade that offers greater protection against...

  12. The behavior of circus tigers during transport

    | Contributor(s):: Nevill, C. H., Friend, T. H.

    The behavior of two tigers (Panthera tigris) individually caged and transported once for 4.25 h and the behavior of four tigers that were transported twice for 4.2 and 4.5 h while caged as a group was analyzed. The tigers were videotaped during transport and the amount of time spent pacing,...

  13. The effects of air transport on the behaviour and heart rate of horses

    | Contributor(s):: Stewart, M., Foster, T. M., Waas, J. R.

    Although many horses (Equus caballus) travel by air, there is little information on the effect of this type of transport on their physiology and behaviour. This study monitored the behaviour and heart rate of horses during air transport to identify events that might be stressful and to compare...

  14. Effects of environmental stressors on deep body temperature and activity levels in silver fox vixens ( Vulpes vulpes )

    | Contributor(s):: Bakken, M., Moe, R. O., Smith, A. J., Selle, G. M. E.

    The present study was performed to investigate the effects of 14 different environmental stimuli on stress-induced hyperthermia (SIH) and levels of locomotor activity in 6 (3 infanticidal (killed their offspring during the previous year), 3 non-infanticidal) 2.5-year-old silver fox vixens. The...

  15. Ewes are more attentive to their offspring experiencing pain but not stress

    | Contributor(s):: Hild, S., Clark, C. C. A., Dwyer, C. M., Murrell, J. C., Mendl, M., Zanella, A. J.

    The goal of this experiment was to detect if maternal care by ewes could be effective in mitigating psychological or physiological stress or pain in their offspring. We hypothesised that ewes are able to recognise when their offspring undergo an adverse experience and will adapt their maternal...

  16. Regrouping rabbit does in a familiar or novel pen: effects on agonistic behaviour, injuries and core body temperature

    | Contributor(s):: Graf, S., Bigler, L., Failing, K., Wurbel, H., Buchwalder, T.

    Regrouping female rabbits in group-housing systems is common management practice in rabbit breeding, which may, however, induce agonistic interactions resulting in social stress and severe injuries. Here we compared two methods of regrouping female rabbits with respect to their effects on...

  17. The influence of handling and exposure to a ferret on body temperature and running wheel activity of golden hamsters ( Mesocricetus auratus )

    | Contributor(s):: Eberli, P., Gebhardt-Henrich, S. G., Steiger, A.

    In order to determine a stress response, two groups of twenty male golden hamsters were either exposed to a ferret or handled by a human. The hamsters' body temperature and running wheel activity were measured as stress correlates. Half of the hamsters' cages were equipped with a functional...

  18. Are women's dogs less stressed and healthier than men's dogs? An investigation in the waiting room of a veterinary hospital

    | Contributor(s):: Boere, V., Scalon, M. C., Wiedemann, G. G. S.

    Dogs are able of discriminate several human behaviors, behaving of corresponding way. Some studies showed that the dogs possess propensities to be more sociable and less stressed when manipulated by women regarding the dogs manipulated by men. We investigated in this study if the dogs accompanied...

  19. Behaviour of the ewe and lamb at lambing and its relationship to lamb mortality

    | Contributor(s):: Arnold, G. W., Morgan, P. D.

    A number of behavioural traits associated with the maternal instinct of sheep were studied under paddock conditions over a range ofbreeds, age, climate, nutrition and locations in five lambings in Western Australia. There was very considerable variation between ewes in any group in the occurrence...

  20. Circadian behaviour, including thermoregulatory activities, in feedlot lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Shreffler, C., Hohenboken, W.