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  1. Implications of breaking mother-young social bonds. (Special Issue: Early Weaning.)

    | Contributor(s):: Newberry, R. C., Swanson, J. C.

    Whereas mammalian mothers and young may retain long-term social affiliations in nature, the management of animals in captivity typically dictates that offspring are abruptly and permanently separated from their mothers at a relatively early age, often prior to the time of natural weaning. For...

  2. A review of the behavioral and neurochemical consequences of early weaning in rodents. (Special Issue: Early Weaning.)

    | Contributor(s):: Kikusui, T., Nakamura, K., Mori, Y.

    In mammals, mother-infant bonding is based on the dependence of the infant on the mother for sustenance, i.e., the infant suckles milk, but also involving a need for physical contact. Weaning is one of the most important events that occur in developing animals and the timing of natural weaning is...

  3. Bonding of goats to sheep and cattle for protection from predators

    | Contributor(s):: Hulet, C. V., Anderson, D. M., Smith, J. N., Shupe, W. L., Taylor, C. A., Jr., Murray, L. W.

    Fourteen 5-month-old mohair goats previously confined with heifers for 60 days were randomly assigned into 2 groups. Group 1 was confined with 2 heifers for an additional 14 days. Group 2 was confined with 8 previously cattle-bonded sheep and a heifer for 14 days. A third group of 6 non-bonded...

  4. An attempt to bond weaned 3-month-old beef heifers to yearling ewes

    | Contributor(s):: Anderson, D. M., Hulet, C. V., Smith, J. N., Shupe, W. L., Murray, L. W.

    This study was conducted to determine if recently weaned heifers, averaging 3 months of age, would bond to sheep. Heifers with a mean age of 90 days were penned for 80 days, singly or in groups of 3 with 2 or 5 yearling ewes, respectively. The cattle and sheep were observed together, while on...

  5. Bonding of young sheep to heifers

    | Contributor(s):: Anderson, D. M., Hulet, C. V., Smith, J. N., Shupe, W. L., Murray, L. W.

    Rambouillet X Polypay lambs, averaging 45, 62 and 90 days of age, were penned with 8-9 month-old heifers for 60 days. Following 30 and 60 days of pen confinement, the treated and control lamb-heifer groups were observed in a 120-ha paddock for interspecific and intraspecific aggregation or...

  6. Differences in ewe and wether behavior when bonded to cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Anderson, D. M., Estell, R. E., Havstad, K. M., Shupe, W. L., Libeau, R., Murray, L. W.

    The intra- and inter-species associations of cattle and sheep grazing the same pasture were investigated. Under mixed stocking, sheep did not associate with cattle; however, sheep consistently stayed close to (bond) and followed cattle if they were forced in close association with cattle at an...

  7. Do disrupted early attachments affect the relationship between guide dogs and blind owners?

    | Contributor(s):: Fallani, G., Previde, E. P., Valsecchi, P.

    The study investigated the affectional bond developed by dogs (Canis familiaris) towards their human companions during the selection process to become guide dogs and compared this bond with that formed by pet dogs with their owners. One hundred and nine dog-owner pairs were tested using a...

  8. Heifer disposition and bonding of lambs to heifers

    | Contributor(s):: Anderson, D. M., Hulet, C. V., Smith, J. N., Shupe, W. L., Murray, L. W.

    Abusive and non-abusive (tolerant) heifers were individually identified during pen confinement with young sheep. Physical aggression by abusive heifers toward lambs included butting and kicking. Two groups of three 75-day-old lambs confined with tolerant heifers developed a bond after 20 days and...

  9. Child-companion animal attachment bonds in single and two-parent families

    | Contributor(s):: Bodsworth, W., Coleman, G. J.

    This study addressed the issue of whether children who potentially have reduced access to parental resources have a stronger attachment bond with a dog, compared with children who have greater access. The study compared children in single-parent families with those in two-parent families on level...

  10. Homelessness and dog ownership: an investigation into animal empathy, attachment, crime, drug use, health and public opinion

    | Contributor(s):: Taylor, H., Williams, P., Gray, D.

    A sample of 51 homeless people in Cambridge, UK completed a questionnaire featuring adapted Animal Empathy and Companion Animal Bonding Scales. Concepts of crime, drug use, and health matters amongst the homeless, both dog owning and non-dog owning, were investigated, as well. Ninety members of...

  11. Pet attachment and personality type

    | Contributor(s):: Bagley, D. K., Gonsman, V. L.

    This study examined the relationship between personality type and pet attachment by administering the Keirsey Four Types Sorter and the Lexington Attachment to Pets Scale to 163 participants. Idealist personality types had significantly higher attachment scores than Rationals and Artisans, but...

  12. Pet owner behaviors and attachment to yard versus house dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Shore, E. R., Riley, M. L., Douglas, D. K.

    The majority of research on the human-nonhuman animal bond has considered its advantages for the human. Research investigating the benefits of the bond for the companion animal has focused primarily on the relationship between owner attachment and the relinquishment or abandonment of pets. Shore,...

  13. Pet ownership, type of pet and socio-emotional development of school children

    | Contributor(s):: Vidovic, V. V., Stetic, V. V., Bratko, D.

    The current study was designed to compare the socio-emotional characteristics of school children pet owners and children without pets and to examine whether the type of pet is a variable which can differentiate the socio-emotional development of their owners. The subjects, 425 girls and 401 boys,...

  14. Prosocial and antisocial behaviors in adolescents: an investigation into associations with attachment and empathy

    | Contributor(s):: Thompson, K. L., Gullone, E.

    The normal development of empathy has been proposed to be imperative to the healthy emotional and social functioning of youths. In contrast, compromised levels of empathy have been linked to an increased propensity to engage in antisocial behaviors, including animal cruelty. Previous findings...

  15. Re-evaluation of the companion animal bonding scale

    | Contributor(s):: Triebenbacher, S. L.

    This study re-evaluated the Companion Animal Bonding Scale (Poresky, Hendrix, Mosier and Samuelson 1987) using a wide range of developmental levels. Participants included 714 individuals (284 boys and 430 girls) from fourth grade to undergraduate college status. The elementary, middle, and high...

  16. Understanding the human-cat relationship: human social support or attachment

    | Contributor(s):: Stammbach, K. B., Turner, D. C.

    The goal of this study was to assess whether the widespread popularity of cats can best be explained using either attachment theory or social support theory. To assess the degree of attachment to the cat, and the size of the human social support network, we used five different questionnaires: In...