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  1. Attitudes of veterinary students in Croatia toward farm animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Ostovic, M., Mesic, Z., Mikus, T., Matkovic, K., Pavicic, Z.

    This survey was undertaken to assess the attitudes of Croatian veterinary students regarding farm animal welfare issues. The study included students of all undergraduate years at the only Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Croatia. First-year students were surveyed twice, ie before and after...

  2. Availability and use of designated hospital pens in Danish dairy herds

    Contributor(s):: Houe, H., Thomsen, P. T., Amdi, C., Herskin, M. S., Forkman, B., Jensen, M. B.

    The objective of this study was to describe the availability and use of designated hospital pens in Danish dairy herds and to analyse the association between availability and use of hospital pens and the herd-level incidence of reported disease treatments. Hospital pens were divided into either...

  3. Animal exploitation during the Old Kingdom in Egypt: contribution from Ayn Asil (Dakhla Oasis)Exploitation animale a l'Ancien Empire en Egypte: les apports d'Ayn Asil (oasis de Dakhla)

    Contributor(s):: Lesur, J.

    At the end of the Old Kingdom in Egypt, food production relies on a dense agriculture in the Delta and the Nile valley as well as on livestock herding and fishing. The situation is however different in the Western Desert which undergoes a strong aridification. Archaeozoological remains coming...

  4. Being a sick ovine in Bas-Berry (end of the XVIIIth - mid XXth centuries)Etre un ovin malade en Bas-Berry (fin XVIII e - milieu XX e siecle)

    Contributor(s):: Baron, N.

    The purpose of this article is to make use of the "animal viewpoint", which has been adopted by a growing number of researchers, to reconstruct the experience of Indre sheep affected by the disease from the late eighteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries. To this end, we rely on local archives and...

  5. Making the case for developing alternative lameness scoring systems for dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Vieira, A., Oliveira, M. D., Nunes, T., Stilwell, G.

    Lameness is a behavioural indicator of pain that negatively affects dairy ruminants' health and welfare. Lameness is generally assessed by subjective methods, based on the observation of the animal's behaviour, using numerical rating scales (NRSs) - the most common scoring system - and visual...

  6. The avoidance of farmyards by European badgers Meles meles in a medium density population

    Contributor(s):: Mullen, E. M., MacWhite, T., Maher, P. K., Kelly, D. J., Marples, N. M., Good, M.

    Mycobacterium bovis (TB) in cattle is a disease with far-reaching economic effects throughout Europe but especially in Great Britain and Ireland. Wildlife reservoirs, in particular the European badger Meles meles, continue to play an important role in the transmission of the disease, although the...

  7. Welfare outcomes for 3- and 6-month-old beef calves in a tropical environment castrated surgically or by applying rubber rings

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Small, A. H., Reid, D. J., Colditz, I. G., Ferguson, D. M.

    Castration of cattle using rubber rings is becoming increasingly popular due to the perceived ease of the procedure and greater operator safety when compared with surgical castration. Few comparative studies have investigated the effects of different castration methods and calf age on welfare...

  8. The influence of gentle interactions on avoidance distance towards humans, weight gain and physiological parameters in group-housed dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Munsch, C., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    The quality of the relationship between cattle and their caretakers is important for animal welfare and productivity. Nevertheless, the influence of gentle interactions on group-housed dairy calves has not been thoroughly studied so far. We examined the effects of 42 min of gentle interactions...

  9. How to train a dog to detect cows in heat-training and success

    Contributor(s):: Johnen, D., Heuwieser, W., Fischer-Tenhagen, C.

    Efficient and accurate estrus detection is a key management factor determining acceptable reproductive performance in dairy herds. Previous studies have shown that dogs can differentiate between vaginal mucus samples of cows in estrus and vaginal mucus samples of cows in diestrus with an accuracy...

  10. Short-term ante-calving handling of dairy heifers in relation to heifers' behaviour and udder health after parturition

    Contributor(s):: Ivemeyer, S., Pisani, M., Knierim, U.

    The novelty of being handled during milking contributes to peripartum stress in dairy heifers with possibly adverse effects on their well-being and health. The present study investigated (1) heifers' behavioural responses to handling over the course of four standardized handling sessions and (2)...

  11. Pain evaluation in dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: Gleerup, K. B., Andersen, P. H., Munksgaard, L., Forkman, B.

    Pain compromises the welfare of animals. A prerequisite for being able to alleviate pain is that we are able to recognize it. Potential behavioural signs of pain were investigated for dairy cattle with the aim of constructing a pain scale for use under production conditions. Forty-three cows were...

  12. #SaveBenjy: sexuality, queer animals, and Ireland

    Contributor(s):: McLoughlin, E.

    This paper explores the #SaveBenjy Crowdfunder campaign to save a Charolais bull in the Republic of Ireland who expressed sexual interest only in weanling bulls and not the heifers he was expected to impregnate. The prominence and popularity of #SaveBenjy is anything but coincidental. In May...

  13. Effects of under- and overstocking freestalls on dairy cattle behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Winckler, C., Tucker, C. B., Weary, D. M.

    Freestall availability affects cattle behaviour and most studies in this area have focused on overstocking. We studied the effects of three levels of stall availability, including both over- and understocking on the time budgets and agonistic interactions in 36 dairy cattle in four stable groups....

  14. Cumulative experience, age-class, sex and season affect the behavioural responses of European badgers ( Meles meles) to handling and sedation

    Contributor(s):: Sun, Q., Stevens, C., Newman, C., Buesching, C. D., Macdonald, D. W.

    The restraint and sedation of wild animals has welfare implications, thus animal handling procedures should be well-informed and optimised to adhere to welfare standards. Furthermore, it is important that handling procedures should not cause future trap avoidance. This is of particular pertinence...

  15. Stakeholder views on treating pain due to dehorning dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Robbins, J. A., Weary, D. M., Schuppli, C. A., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von

    A common and painful management practice undertaken on most dairy farms is dehorning young calves (also called 'disbudding' when done on calves less than about two months of age). Despite much evidence the practice is painful, and effective means available to mitigate this pain, it is frequently...

  16. A pilot study to develop an assessment tool for sheep welfare after long journey transport

    Contributor(s):: Messori, S., Sossidou, E., Buonanno, M., Mounaix, B., Barnard, S., Vousdouka, V., Villa, P. dalla, Roest, K. de, Spoolder, H.

    Sheep transport within Europe involves 9.5 million animals yearly, 63% of which travel over long journeys (>8 h). Livestock transport, particularly over long journeys, gives rise to concern about the welfare of transported animals. The European Commission stimulates the development of...

  17. Effects of gentle interactions on the relationship with humans and on stress-related parameters in group-housed calves

    Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    Although the relationship between farm animals and humans has strong implications for animal welfare and productivity, there have been few experimental studies on the influence of gentle interactions in group-housed calves. In the present study, Austrian Simmental calves were housed in groups of...

  18. An observational study of the effects of therapeutic hoof blocks on the locomotion, behavior, and production of healthy dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: Cutler, J. H., Shearer, J. K., Kelton, D. F., Cramer, G., Gorden, P. J., Millman, S. T.

    Therapeutic hoof blocks have been recommended for treatment of sole ulcers in dairy cattle; however, they are underutilized in the industry. Twenty Holstein cows were randomly assigned to receive a wooden hoof block applied to the left hind leg ( n=5), to the right hind leg ( n=5), or no hoof...

  19. Ethical issues concerning the public viewing of media broadcasts of animal cruelty

    Contributor(s):: Tiplady, C. M., Walsh, D. B., Phillips, C. J. C.

    Undercover filming is a method commonly used by animal activist groups to expose animal cruelty and it is important to consider the effects of publically releasing video footage of cruel practices on the viewers' mental health. Previously, we reported that members of the Australian public were...

  20. Farm animal welfare and children: a preliminary study building an attitude scale and evaluating an intervention

    Contributor(s):: Lakestani, N., Aguirre, V., Orihuela, A.

    Children are future consumers; they will impact future animal welfare standards. This pilot study evaluated a nonhuman animal welfare education program, building a farm animal attitude questionnaire for 8- to 10-year-old children. The educational material focused on the behaviors and needs of...