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  1. The anthropozoology of domestication for milk productionAnthropozoologie de la domestication laitiere

    Contributor(s):: Poplin, F.

    Milk draws its substance from a living being of flesh and blood and from plant matter full of scents, through a two-cycle digestive system and fermentation in vivo, that of ruminants, which are also animals that provide meat ("you drink my milk, you eat my meat"). The pig, the "outlaw" of...

  2. The heavenly cow Rupan and the festival of ceremonial torture Gaigoheri: myth, rituals and sacrifice among the people of the Bhil tribe of western India

    Contributor(s):: Sahay, Sarita

  3. Acoustic analysis of cattle ( Bos taurus) mother-offspring contact calls from a source-filter theory perspective

    Contributor(s):: Torre, M. P. de la, Briefer, E. F., Reader, T., McElligott, A. G.

    Cattle vocalisations have been proposed as potential indicators of animal welfare. However, very few studies have investigated the acoustic structure and information encoded in these vocalisations using advanced analysis techniques. Vocalisations play key roles in a wide range of communication...

  4. Animal welfare concerns and values of stakeholders within the dairy industry

    Contributor(s):: Ventura, B. A., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Weary, D. M.

    This paper describes the perspectives of stakeholders within the North American dairy industry on key issues affecting the welfare of dairy cattle. Five heterogeneous focus groups were held during a dairy cattle welfare meeting in Guelph, Canada in October 2012. Each group contained between 7 and...

  5. Behavioural reactivity of ewes and lambs during partial and total social isolation

    Contributor(s):: Barnard, S., Matthews, L. R., Messori, S., Vulpiani, M. P., Ferri, N.

    This work investigated the differences in the reactivity of Sarda (primiparous n=18, multiparous n=17) and Dorset (multiparous n=8) breeds of sheep and their singleton lambs to two challenging test situations involving a mother-lamb partial separation test and an isolation test. Non-parametric...

  6. Can ear postures reliably measure the positive emotional state of cows?

    Contributor(s):: Proctor, H. S., Carder, G.

    Animal welfare science is increasingly concerned with the promotion of positive emotions in animals, yet little is known about how to measure them. We examined whether ear postures in dairy cows were reliable indicators of a low arousal, positive emotional state. We conducted a total of 381, 15...

  7. Comparison of locomotion scoring for dairy cows by experienced and inexperienced raters using live or video observation methods

    Contributor(s):: Schlageter-Tello, A., Bokkers, E. A. M., Koerkamp, P. W. G. G., Hertem, T. van, Viazzi, S., Romanini, C. E. B., Halachmi, I., Bahr, C., Berckmans, D., Lokhorst, K.

    Lameness is considered a major problem in dairy production. Lameness is commonly detected with locomotion scores assigned to cows under farm conditions, but raters are often trained and assessed for reliability and agreement by using video recordings. The aim of this study was to evaluate intra-...

  8. Comparison of the effects of weaning and castration when conducted separately or in combination on the behaviour of crossbred beef cattle

    Contributor(s):: Lambertz, C., Farke-Rover, A., Moors, E., Gauly, M.

    The objective of the present study was to evaluate the behavioural effects of Burdizzo castration of crossbred beef calves when weaned and castrated separately (castrated 8 weeks after weaning) or in combination. Over two consecutive years a total of 111 Limousin * Simmental male calves were...

  9. Density-dependent diet selection and body condition of cattle and horses in heterogeneous landscapes

    Contributor(s):: Cornelissen, P., Vulink, J. T.

    For some decades, grazing by cattle and horses is used as a management tool to achieve different nature management goals. For managers there are still questions to be answered about the effects of herbivore densities on their performance, vegetation development and biodiversity. This study...

  10. Effect of pre-partum habituation to milking routine on behaviour and lactation performance of buffalo heifers

    Contributor(s):: Polikarpus, A., Napolitano, F., Grasso, F., Palo, R. di, Zicarelli, F., Arney, D., Rosa, G. de

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect pre-partum habituation in the milking parlour on behaviour and lactation performance of buffalo heifers. Sixteen buffalo heifers in late gestation were used for this study. The animals, with an age ranging from 30 to 44 months at the start of...

  11. Effectiveness of animal health and welfare planning in dairy herds: a review

    Contributor(s):: Tremetsberger, L., Winckler, C.

    Maintaining and promoting animal health and welfare are important but challenging goals in livestock farming. Animal health and welfare planning aims to contribute to improvements in the herd through interventions in a structured way. This review provides an overview of current scientific...

  12. Effects of growth-promoting technology on feedlot cattle behavior in the 21 days before slaughter

    Contributor(s):: Stackhouse-Lawson, K. R., Tucker, C. B., Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S., Mitloehner, F. M.

    There is growing interest in the animal welfare implications of growth-promoting technology used in feedlot cattle, namely hormonal implants, ionophores, antibiotics and β 2-adrenergic agonists. Previous studies have focused on the effects of implants on aggression, but little work has...

  13. Effects of mother versus artificial rearing during the first 12 weeks of life on challenge responses of dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Wagner, K., Seitner, D., Barth, K., Palme, R., Futschik, A., Waiblinger, S.

    We investigated the effects of mother versus artificial rearing on the responses to a social and a non-social challenge in adulthood. Rearing of treatment groups only differed during the first 12 weeks of life. Artificially reared animals were separated from their mothers within 24 h after birth...

  14. Filial attachment in sheep: similarities and differences between ewe-lamb and human-lamb relationships

    Contributor(s):: Nowak, R., Boivin, X.

    Animals develop relationships with intra- and interspecific partners, including humans. In some cases this can lead to strong emotional bonds indicating the existence of attachment. The sheep is well known to develop various forms of social attachment (mothers towards young, lambs towards...

  15. Space allowance during gestation and early maternal separation: effects on the fear response and social motivation of lambs

    Contributor(s):: Averos, X., Marchewka, J., Beltran de Heredia, I., Zanella, A. J., Ruiz, R., Estevez, I.

    A common prenatal stressor in lambs is early maternal separation, which may be aggravated by spatial restriction of ewes during pregnancy. They may influence lambs' development and coping abilities. The aim of this study was to determine how space allowance provided to ewes during pregnancy and...

  16. The effect of nursing on the cow-calf bond

    Contributor(s):: Johnsen, J. F., Passille, A. M. de, Mejdell, C. M., Boe, K. E., Grondahl, A. M., Beaver, A., Rushen, J., Weary, D. M.

    Dairy calves are often separated from the cow soon after birth and prevented from nursing, but little is known about the effects of nursing on the development of the cow-calf bond. This study evaluated the effect of nursing on affiliative behaviours between the dam and her calf including...

  17. The ethics of a co-regulatory model for farm animal welfare research

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C., Petherick, J. C.

    Standards for farm animal welfare are variously managed at a national level by government-led regulatory control, by consumer-led welfare economics and co-regulated control in a partnership between industry and government. In the latter case the control of research to support animal welfare...

  18. The ticking clock: addressing farm animal welfare in emerging countries

    Contributor(s):: Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Hotzel, M. J.

    Over the last decade many emerging economies, and in particular Brazil, have established themselves as major players in global food animal production. Within these countries much of the increase in food animal production has been achieved by the adoption of intensive housing systems similar to...

  19. What do calves choose to eat and how do preferences affect behaviour?

    Contributor(s):: Webb, L. E., Engel, B., Berends, H., Reenen, C. G. van, Gerrits, W. J. J., Boer, I. J. M. de, Bokkers, E. A. M.

    Calves raised for milk or meat are fed diets that differ from feral-herd calf diets and are based on the nutritional requirements of the 'average calf'. These diets may not meet the dietary preferences of each individual calf. This study explored diet preferences in calves with free dietary...

  20. Wintertime use of natural versus artificial shelter by cattle in nature reserves in temperate areas

    Contributor(s):: Laer, E. van, Ampe, B., Moons, C., Sonck, B., Tuyttens, F. A. M.

    The current study contributes scientific observation to the ongoing debate about whether and when artificial shelter (man-made), in addition to natural shelter (vegetation), should be provided to cattle grazing in nature reserves during temperate winters. In several year-round grazing projects in...