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  1. Designing Cattle: The Social Practice of Constructing Breeds

    Contributor(s):: Eriksson, Camilla, Petitt, Andrea

    This paper explores how cattle breeds are constructed through social practice—which we conceptually develop as “designing” cattle. We show how breed varieties are designed, informed by the social, material and moral embeddedness of cattle breeding associations’ visions of the future and how they...

  2. Effect of breed and lithium chloride dose on the conditioned aversion to olive tree leaves (Olea europaea L.) of sheep

    Contributor(s):: Manuelian, Carmen L., Albanell, Elena, Rovai, Maristela, Salama, Ahmed A. K., Caja, Gerardo

    Grazing maybe an efficient tool for controlling weed cover in olive groves. However, olive leaves are very palatable for sheep, which damages the trees and compromised the later olive production. Lithium chloride (LiCl) is an effective agent for creating food aversion in ruminants through the...

  3. Behavioral differences among breeds of domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris): Current status of the science

    Contributor(s):: Mehrkam, Lindsay R., Wynne, Clive D. L.

    In both popular media and scientific literature, it is commonly stated that breeds of dogs differ behaviorally in substantial, consistent and predictable ways. Since the mid-twentieth century, scientists have asked whether meaningful behavioral differences exist between breeds of dogs. Today,...

  4. Selection for temperament in sheep: Domain-general and context-specific traits

    Contributor(s):: Beausoleil, Ngaio J., Blache, Dominique, Stafford, Kevin J., Mellor, David J., Noble, Alasdair D. L.

    Sheep at the University of Western Australia have been selectively bred for behavioral responses to isolation and human presence in an arena test, resulting in the creation of two divergent lines: More Active (MA) and Less Active (LA). The aim of this study was to determine whether selection was...

  5. Regrouping rabbit does in a familiar or novel pen: Effects on agonistic behaviour, injuries and core body temperature

    Contributor(s):: Graf, Sylvia, Bigler, Lotti, Failing, Klaus, Würbel, Hanno, Buchwalder, Theres

    Regrouping female rabbits in group-housing systems is common management practice in rabbit breeding, which may, however, induce agonistic interactions resulting in social stress and severe injuries. Here we compared two methods of regrouping female rabbits with respect to their effects on...

  6. Preliminary analysis of an adjective-based dog personality questionnaire developed to measure some aspects of personality in the domestic dog (Canis familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Mirkó, Erika, Kubinyi, Enikő, Gácsi, Márta, Miklósi, Ádám

    In this paper we present a novel adjective-based dog personality questionnaire, which was successfully implemented to characterise the behaviour of individual dogs. The scales obtained by Principal Component Analysis (Stranger-directed Sociability, Activity, Aggressiveness and Trainability)...

  7. Estimation of genetic parameters for behavior based on results of German Shepherd Dogs in Switzerland

    Contributor(s):: Meyer, Franziska, Schawalder, Peter, Gaillard, Claude, Dolf, Gaudenz

    The objective of this study was to estimate heritabilities and correlations of seven behavioral traits in German Shepherd Dogs in Switzerland as well as breeding values for this population. Data from 4855 animals having taken the standardized behavior test of the German Shepherd Dog Club of...

  8. Breeding dogs for beauty and behaviour: Why scientists need to do more to develop valid and reliable behaviour assessments for dogs kept as companions

    Contributor(s):: King, Tammie, Marston, Linda C., Bennett, Pauleen C.

    In the past, dogs were bred to perform specific utilitarian roles. Nowadays, the dog's most common role is that of human companion. Our world has changed dramatically since the first dog breeds were developed, yet many of these existing breeds remain popular as companions. While dogs kept as...

  9. Animal Welfare in Conservation Breeding: Applications and Challenges

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alison L. Greggor, Greg A. Vicino, Ronald R. Swaisgood, Andrea Fidgett, Deena Brenner, Matthew E. Kinney, Susan Farabaugh, Bryce Masuda, Nadine Lamberski

    Animal welfare and conservation breeding have overlapping and compatible goals that are occasionally divergent. Efforts to improve enclosures, provide enriching experiences, and address behavioral and physical needs further the causes of animal welfare in all zoo settings. However, by...

  10. Environmental Impacts of One Puppy Mill Among Many: A Case History

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: John A. Gill

    In recent decades, the animal welfare aspects of irresponsibly-managed commercial dog-breeding businesses have attracted national attention, prompting legislative and regulatory actions. However, the environmental impacts of such businesses, also known as puppy mills, have received far less...

  11. A Solution for the Shortage of Detection Dogs: A Detector Dog Center of Excellence and a Cooperative Breeding Program

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Eldin A. Leighton, Elizabeth Hare, Scott Thomas, L. Paul Waggoner, Cynthia M Otto

    Currently, demand for US-bred and born detector dogs exceeds available supply, while reliance on foreign-bred sources introduces many unnecessary and unwanted risks. With proper management of a domestic supply line, U.S. breeders can improve both health and behavior by applying scientific...

  12. Rejections in an non-purpose bred assistance dog population: Reasons, consequences and methods for screening

    | Contributor(s):: Bogaerts, E., Moons, C. P. H., Van Nieuwerburgh, F., Peelman, L., Saunders, J. H., Broeckx, B. J. G.

  13. What makes a good mother? Maternal behavioural traits important for piglet survival

    | Contributor(s):: Ocepek, Marko, Andersen, Inger Lise

    The primary aim of our work was to find maternal behaviours important for piglet survival and to develop qualitative scores of those traits. Second, we studied the relationship between maternal behavioural scores, piglet mortality and the number of weaned piglets in sows of three different sow...

  14. Effects of captivity on house mice behaviour in a novel environment: Implications for conservation practices

    | Contributor(s):: Courtney Jones, Stephanie K., Munn, Adam J., Byrne, Phillip G.

    Captive breeding programmes offer a method for preventing the extinction of threatened species, but often have difficulty establishing self-sustaining populations and generating individuals for release. This difficulty can arise because the behaviour of captive-reared animals differs from wild...

  15. Social behaviour of endangered European mink (Mustela lutreola) litters in captivity

    | Contributor(s):: Kiik, Kairi, Maran, Tiit, Kneidinger, Nadja, Tammaru, Toomas

    In litter-bearing mammals, the environment and social interactions during early life often have a substantial effect on future behaviour of the animal. Most information though derives from lab rodents, pets or farm animals while comparable data are scarce for non-domesticated species, and...

  16. Personality matters: Consistency of inter-individual variation in shyness-boldness across non-breeding and pre-breeding season despite a fall in general shyness levels in farmed American mink (Neovison vison)

    | Contributor(s):: Lehmkuhl Noer, Christina, Kjær Needham, Esther, Wiese, Ann-Sophie, Johannes Skovbjerg Balsby, Thorsten, Dabelsteen, Torben

    Individuals of the same species vary consistently in their behaviour across time and context, and this is often referred to as animal personality. In this study, we investigate animal personality based on the definition of personality traits as underlying dispositional factors, which are linked...

  17. Does litter size affect emotionality, spatial learning and memory in piglets?

    | Contributor(s):: Fijn, Lisa, Antonides, Alexandra, Aalderink, Dave, Nordquist, Rebecca E., van der Staay, Franz Josef

    Average litter size has steadily increased over the past decades in the pig farming industry. Large litters are associated with an increase of piglets born with a lower birth weight and reduced overall piglet viability. The aim of our study was to investigate whether litter size affects...

  18. Using the mini C-BARQ to investigate the effects of puppy farming on dog behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Wauthier, Laura M., Scottish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to, Animals, Williams, Joanne M.

    High demand for dogs in countries like the UK can lead to illegal intensive breeding and illegal importation of puppies for the pet trade. The current study investigates the effects of intensive breeding or 'puppy farming' on canine behaviour, explores new ways of predicting negative outcomes and...

  19. Resting preferences and welfare of Finnraccoon (Nyctereutes procyonoides ussuriensis) females housed in various housing conditions in winter

    | Contributor(s):: Koistinen, Tarja, Raatikainen, Sini, Sepponen, Juhani, Korhonen, Hannu T.

    Raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides ussuriensis) is the only canid species using facultative passive wintering strategy. The aim of the present study is to document the behaviour and welfare of the farmed variant of the species, i.e. Finnraccoon, housed in various conditions in winter. Young...

  20. The individual courtship behaviour of male European mink (Mustela lutreola) is a good indicator for their breeding success

    | Contributor(s):: Kneidinger, Nadja, Nagl, Astrid, Kiik, Kairi, Schwarzenberger, Franz, Maran, Tiit

    Conservation breeding of the critically endangered European mink (Mustela lutreola) is a challenge, because the genetically prioritised breeding pairs often fail to mate during the staged breeding attempts. For this study the courtship and mating behaviour of 33 males and the response behaviour...