Population Structure Analysis of the Border Collie Dog Breed in Hungary
| Contributor(s):: Virág Ács, Árpád Bokor, István Nagy
Pedigree data of the Border Collie dog breed were collected in Hungary to examine genetic diversity within the breed and its different lines. The database was based on available herd books dating from the development of the breed (in the late 1800s) to the present day. The constructed pedigree...
Assessment of living conditions in wild boars by analysis of oxidative stress markers
| Contributor(s):: Esposito, Luigi, Tafuri, Simona, Cocchia, Natascia, Fasanelli, Roberto, Piscopo, Nadia, Lamagna, Barbara, Eguren, Vincente, Amici, Andrea, Iorio, Eugenio Luigi, Ciani, Francesca
White Collies, Beauty or Genetic Defect Regulation and Breeding, 1870-2013
| Contributor(s):: Derry, M.
Assessment of emotional predisposition in dogs using PANAS (Positive and Negative Activation Scale) and associated relationships in a sample of dogs from Brazil
| Contributor(s):: Savalli, C., Albuquerque, N., Vasconcellos, A. S., Ramos, D., de Mello, F. T., Mills, D. S.
Behavioural responses of two breeds of domestic chicks to feed and alarm call playback
| Contributor(s):: Iyasere, Oluwaseun S., Durosaro, Samuel O., Oke, Oyegunle E., Omotosho, Tolulope F., Salako, Mojisola A., Oyeniran, Victor J., Oyetunji, Damilola E., Daramola, James O.
The aim of this study was to determine breed differences in the behavioural responses of two domestic chicks to feed and alarm playback calls. Thirty two (32) each of Nigerian indigenous chicks (NIC) and commercial broiler chicks (CBC) of the same age group (a day old) were divided into four...
Come for the looks, stay for the personality? A mixed methods investigation of reacquisition and owner recommendation of Bulldogs, French Bulldogs and Pugs
| Contributor(s):: Packer, R. M. A., O'Neill, D. G., Fletcher, F., Farnworth, M. J.
Social Behavior of a Reproducing Pair of the Philippine Tarsier (Tarsius syrichta) in Captivity
| Contributor(s):: Wojciechowski, Filip J., Kaszycka, Katarzyna A., Řeháková, Milada
Social interactions of the nocturnal primates are not well studied. One of the species for which social behavior is scarcely known is the Philippine tarsier (Tarsius [= Carlito] syrichta). We observed a reproducing pair of captive individuals over two mating seasons for two consecutive years. The...
Battle of the Sexes in Best of Breed: Sex Influences Dogs' Success in the Show Ring
| Contributor(s):: Bethany J.Wilson, Alicia J. Kasbarian, Navneet Dhand, Paul D. McGreevy
Much of the research on pedigree dog breeding has been directed towards understanding the implications of reduced genetic diversity and the prevalence of inherited disorders. An example is the potential role of the popular sire effect in perpetuating genetic defects. If male dogs are more...
Significant Neuroanatomical Variation Among Domestic Dog Breeds
| Contributor(s):: Hecht, E. E., Smaers, J. B., Dunn, W. D., Kent, M., Preuss, T. M., Gutman, D. A.
Motivation of Owners to Purchase Pedigree Cats, with Specific Focus on the Acquisition of Brachycephalic Cats
| Contributor(s):: Liran Plitman, Petra Cern ˇ á, Mark J. Farnworth, Rowena M.A. Packer, Danièlle A. Gunn-Moore
Background: Cats are globally popular pets and pedigree cats are increasingly prevalent, with brachycephalic breeds being the most registered breeds. How owners decide upon and acquire their cats is poorly understood. Moreover, there are growing concerns about the health and welfare of...
The Status of Pet Rabbit Breeding and Online Sales in the UK: A Glimpse into an Otherwise Elusive Industry
| Contributor(s):: Emma M. Gosling, Jorge A. Vázquez-Diosdado, Naomi D. Harvey
Conditions of pet rabbit breeding colonies and breeder practices are undocumented and very little is known about the pet rabbit sales market. Here, multiple methods were employed to investigate this sector of the UK pet industry. A freedom of information request sent to 10% of councils revealed...
Designing Cattle: The Social Practice of Constructing Breeds
| Contributor(s):: Eriksson, Camilla, Petitt, Andrea
This paper explores how cattle breeds are constructed through social practice—which we conceptually develop as “designing” cattle. We show how breed varieties are designed, informed by the social, material and moral embeddedness of cattle breeding associations’ visions of the future and how they...
Responses to novel situations of female and castrated male pigs with divergent social breeding values and different backtest classifications in barren and straw-enriched housing
| Contributor(s):: Reimert, Inonge, Rodenburg, T. Bas, Ursinus, Winanda W., Kemp, Bas, Bolhuis, J. Elizabeth
The growth of a pig is not only affected by its own genes, but also by the genes of its pen mates. This indirect effect on a pig's growth is represented as social breeding value (SBV) in a newly developed breeding model. It has been hypothesized that pigs could affect their pen mates’ growth...
Effect of breed and lithium chloride dose on the conditioned aversion to olive tree leaves (Olea europaea L.) of sheep
| Contributor(s):: Manuelian, Carmen L., Albanell, Elena, Rovai, Maristela, Salama, Ahmed A. K., Caja, Gerardo
Grazing maybe an efficient tool for controlling weed cover in olive groves. However, olive leaves are very palatable for sheep, which damages the trees and compromised the later olive production. Lithium chloride (LiCl) is an effective agent for creating food aversion in ruminants through the...
Behavioral differences among breeds of domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris): Current status of the science
| Contributor(s):: Mehrkam, Lindsay R., Wynne, Clive D. L.
In both popular media and scientific literature, it is commonly stated that breeds of dogs differ behaviorally in substantial, consistent and predictable ways. Since the mid-twentieth century, scientists have asked whether meaningful behavioral differences exist between breeds of dogs. Today,...
Selection for temperament in sheep: Domain-general and context-specific traits
| Contributor(s):: Beausoleil, Ngaio J., Blache, Dominique, Stafford, Kevin J., Mellor, David J., Noble, Alasdair D. L.
Sheep at the University of Western Australia have been selectively bred for behavioral responses to isolation and human presence in an arena test, resulting in the creation of two divergent lines: More Active (MA) and Less Active (LA). The aim of this study was to determine whether selection was...
Regrouping rabbit does in a familiar or novel pen: Effects on agonistic behaviour, injuries and core body temperature
| Contributor(s):: Graf, Sylvia, Bigler, Lotti, Failing, Klaus, Würbel, Hanno, Buchwalder, Theres
Regrouping female rabbits in group-housing systems is common management practice in rabbit breeding, which may, however, induce agonistic interactions resulting in social stress and severe injuries. Here we compared two methods of regrouping female rabbits with respect to their effects on...
Preliminary analysis of an adjective-based dog personality questionnaire developed to measure some aspects of personality in the domestic dog (Canis familiaris)
| Contributor(s):: Mirkó, Erika, Kubinyi, Enikő, Gácsi, Márta, Miklósi, Ádám
In this paper we present a novel adjective-based dog personality questionnaire, which was successfully implemented to characterise the behaviour of individual dogs. The scales obtained by Principal Component Analysis (Stranger-directed Sociability, Activity, Aggressiveness and Trainability)...
Estimation of genetic parameters for behavior based on results of German Shepherd Dogs in Switzerland
| Contributor(s):: Meyer, Franziska, Schawalder, Peter, Gaillard, Claude, Dolf, Gaudenz
The objective of this study was to estimate heritabilities and correlations of seven behavioral traits in German Shepherd Dogs in Switzerland as well as breeding values for this population. Data from 4855 animals having taken the standardized behavior test of the German Shepherd Dog Club of...
Breeding dogs for beauty and behaviour: Why scientists need to do more to develop valid and reliable behaviour assessments for dogs kept as companions
| Contributor(s):: King, Tammie, Marston, Linda C., Bennett, Pauleen C.
In the past, dogs were bred to perform specific utilitarian roles. Nowadays, the dog's most common role is that of human companion. Our world has changed dramatically since the first dog breeds were developed, yet many of these existing breeds remain popular as companions. While dogs kept as...