Animal Welfare in Conservation Breeding: Applications and Challenges
| Contributor(s):: Alison L. Greggor, Greg A. Vicino, Ronald R. Swaisgood, Andrea Fidgett, Deena Brenner, Matthew E. Kinney, Susan Farabaugh, Bryce Masuda, Nadine Lamberski
Animal welfare and conservation breeding have overlapping and compatible goals that are occasionally divergent. Efforts to improve enclosures, provide enriching experiences, and address behavioral and physical needs further the causes of animal welfare in all zoo settings. However, by...
Environmental Impacts of One Puppy Mill Among Many: A Case History
| Contributor(s):: John A. Gill
In recent decades, the animal welfare aspects of irresponsibly-managed commercial dog-breeding businesses have attracted national attention, prompting legislative and regulatory actions. However, the environmental impacts of such businesses, also known as puppy mills, have received far less...
A Solution for the Shortage of Detection Dogs: A Detector Dog Center of Excellence and a Cooperative Breeding Program
| Contributor(s):: Eldin A. Leighton, Elizabeth Hare, Scott Thomas, L. Paul Waggoner, Cynthia M Otto
Currently, demand for US-bred and born detector dogs exceeds available supply, while reliance on foreign-bred sources introduces many unnecessary and unwanted risks. With proper management of a domestic supply line, U.S. breeders can improve both health and behavior by applying scientific...
Rejections in an non-purpose bred assistance dog population: Reasons, consequences and methods for screening
| Contributor(s):: Bogaerts, E., Moons, C. P. H., Van Nieuwerburgh, F., Peelman, L., Saunders, J. H., Broeckx, B. J. G.
What makes a good mother? Maternal behavioural traits important for piglet survival
| Contributor(s):: Ocepek, Marko, Andersen, Inger Lise
The primary aim of our work was to find maternal behaviours important for piglet survival and to develop qualitative scores of those traits. Second, we studied the relationship between maternal behavioural scores, piglet mortality and the number of weaned piglets in sows of three different sow...
Effects of captivity on house mice behaviour in a novel environment: Implications for conservation practices
| Contributor(s):: Courtney Jones, Stephanie K., Munn, Adam J., Byrne, Phillip G.
Captive breeding programmes offer a method for preventing the extinction of threatened species, but often have difficulty establishing self-sustaining populations and generating individuals for release. This difficulty can arise because the behaviour of captive-reared animals differs from wild...
Social behaviour of endangered European mink (Mustela lutreola) litters in captivity
| Contributor(s):: Kiik, Kairi, Maran, Tiit, Kneidinger, Nadja, Tammaru, Toomas
In litter-bearing mammals, the environment and social interactions during early life often have a substantial effect on future behaviour of the animal. Most information though derives from lab rodents, pets or farm animals while comparable data are scarce for non-domesticated species, and...
Personality matters: Consistency of inter-individual variation in shyness-boldness across non-breeding and pre-breeding season despite a fall in general shyness levels in farmed American mink (Neovison vison)
| Contributor(s):: Lehmkuhl Noer, Christina, Kjær Needham, Esther, Wiese, Ann-Sophie, Johannes Skovbjerg Balsby, Thorsten, Dabelsteen, Torben
Individuals of the same species vary consistently in their behaviour across time and context, and this is often referred to as animal personality. In this study, we investigate animal personality based on the definition of personality traits as underlying dispositional factors, which are linked...
Automated behavioural response assessment to a feeding event in two heritage chicken breeds
| Contributor(s):: Fraess, Garrett A., Bench, Clover J., Tierney, Keith B.
Video was recorded for three consecutive days for two pens each of two breeds of heritage chickens, Rhode Island Red (RIR) and Barred Plymouth Rock (BPR) (34 birds/pen), before and following a feeding event. The feeding event occurred when a technician entered the pen to refill the food trough at...
Does litter size affect emotionality, spatial learning and memory in piglets?
| Contributor(s):: Fijn, Lisa, Antonides, Alexandra, Aalderink, Dave, Nordquist, Rebecca E., van der Staay, Franz Josef
Average litter size has steadily increased over the past decades in the pig farming industry. Large litters are associated with an increase of piglets born with a lower birth weight and reduced overall piglet viability. The aim of our study was to investigate whether litter size affects...
Optimizing rearing and welfare in Senegalese sole (Solea senegalesensis) broodstock: Effect of ambient light intensity and handling time on stress response
| Contributor(s):: Figueiredo, Filipe, Aragão, Cláudia, Pinto, Wilson, Dinis, Maria Teresa, Oliveira, Catarina C. V.
Broodstock rearing conditions and handling procedures should be optimized in aquaculture species in order to benefit fish welfare and guarantee optimal conditions for spawning. In teleosts, basal cortisol levels display daily rhythms, oscillating along the 24 h of the day. In this sense, handling...
Using the mini C-BARQ to investigate the effects of puppy farming on dog behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Wauthier, Laura M., Scottish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to, Animals, Williams, Joanne M.
High demand for dogs in countries like the UK can lead to illegal intensive breeding and illegal importation of puppies for the pet trade. The current study investigates the effects of intensive breeding or 'puppy farming' on canine behaviour, explores new ways of predicting negative outcomes and...
Resting preferences and welfare of Finnraccoon (Nyctereutes procyonoides ussuriensis) females housed in various housing conditions in winter
| Contributor(s):: Koistinen, Tarja, Raatikainen, Sini, Sepponen, Juhani, Korhonen, Hannu T.
Raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides ussuriensis) is the only canid species using facultative passive wintering strategy. The aim of the present study is to document the behaviour and welfare of the farmed variant of the species, i.e. Finnraccoon, housed in various conditions in winter. Young...
The individual courtship behaviour of male European mink (Mustela lutreola) is a good indicator for their breeding success
| Contributor(s):: Kneidinger, Nadja, Nagl, Astrid, Kiik, Kairi, Schwarzenberger, Franz, Maran, Tiit
Conservation breeding of the critically endangered European mink (Mustela lutreola) is a challenge, because the genetically prioritised breeding pairs often fail to mate during the staged breeding attempts. For this study the courtship and mating behaviour of 33 males and the response behaviour...
Effects of breed group and development on dogs' willingness to follow a human misleading advice
| Contributor(s):: Barnard, S., Passalacqua, C., Pelosi, A., Valsecchi, P., Prato-Previde, E.
Throwing the Baby Out With the Bath Water: Could Widespread Neutering of Companion Dogs Cause Problems at a Population Level?
| Contributor(s):: Dawson, J. K., Howell, T. J., Ruby, M. B., Bennett, P. C.
A veterinary perspective on preventing injuries and other problems that shorten the life of working dogs
| Contributor(s):: Worth, A. J., Cave, N. J.
Preventing skeletal and neurological problems in guide dogs for the blind and other working dogs
| Contributor(s):: Evans, K. M., Lewis, T. W.
In the Eye of the Beholder: Owner Preferences for Variations in Cats' Appearances with Specific Focus on Skull Morphology
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Mark J Farnworth, Rowena M.A. Packer, Lorena Sordo, Ruoning Chen, Sarah M. A. Caney, Danielle A Gunn-Moore
Changes in the popularity of cat breeds are largely driven by human perceptions of, and selection for, phenotypic traits including skull morphology. The popularity of breeds with altered skull shapes appears to be increasing, and owner preferences are an important part of this dynamic. This...
Assessment of Plumage and Integument Condition in Dual-Purpose Breeds and Conventional Layers
| Contributor(s):: Mona Franziska Giersberg, Birgit Spindler
The assessment of plumage and integument condition in laying hens provides useful information about the occurrence of feather pecking and cannibalism. Although feather loss and skin injuries can result from mechanical abrasion or clinical diseases, they are valid animal-based indicators for...