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  1. Foraging Performance, Prosociality, and Kin Presence Do Not Predict Lifetime Reproductive Success in Batek Hunter-Gatherers

    Contributor(s):: Kraft, Thomas S., Venkataraman, Vivek V., Tacey, Ivan, Dominy, Nathaniel J., Endicott, Kirk M.

  2. How to measure dairy cows’ responsiveness towards humans in breeding and welfare assessment? A comparison of selected behavioural measures and existing breeding traits

    Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, Asja, Ivemeyer, Silvia, Lauks, Vanessa, Santos, Laura, Brügemann, Kerstin, König, Sven, Knierim, Ute

    For dairy cattle breeding as well as animal welfare science reliability and validity issues regarding measures of cows’ responsiveness towards humans are relevant. The objective of this study was to investigate reliability and validity aspects of four selected behavioural measures at the feeding...

  3. Preventing skeletal and neurological problems in guide dogs for the blind and other working dogs

    Contributor(s):: Evans, K. M., Lewis, T. W.

  4. Evaluating the physical welfare of dogs in commercial breeding facilities in the United States

    Contributor(s):: Moriah J. Hurt, Candace Croney (adviser)

    Despite high levels of public concern, the state of commercial breeding (CB) dog welfare is largely unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to characterize the physical welfare of dogs in CB facilities and their environment in Indiana. This study specifically aimed 1) to characterize dog foot...

  5. A seroepidemiological study of canine zoonoses among persons occupationally exposed to dogs

    Contributor(s):: Whitney Sue Krueger, Tara C. Smith (adviser)

    Zoonotic diseases continue to emerge and threaten both human and animal health. Overcrowded shelters and breeding kennels create the perfect environment for amplified infectious disease transmission among dogs and present a critical opportunity for zoonotic pathogens to emerge and threaten...

  6. Selection of Breeding Stock among Australian Purebred Dog Breeders, with Particular Emphasis on the Dam

    Contributor(s):: Veronika Czerwinski, Michelle McArthur, Bradley Smith, Philip Hynd, Susan Hazel

    Every year, thousands of purebred domestic dogs are bred by registered dog breeders. Yet, little is known about the rearing environment of these dogs, or the attitudes and priorities surrounding breeding practices of these dog breeders. The objective of this study was to explore some of the...

  7. The backtest in pigs revisited - an analysis of intra-situational behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Zebunke, M., Repsilber, D., Nurnberg, G., Wittenburg, D., Puppe, B.

    The occurrence of different behavioural phenotypes in animals (regarding temperament and personality) has increasingly attracted the attention of scientists dealing with farm animal breeding, management and welfare. As part of the adaptation repertoire, coping behaviour describes how animals deal...

  8. Captivity for conservation? Zoos at a crossroads

    Contributor(s):: Keulartz, J.

    This paper illuminates a variety of issues that speak to the question of whether 'captivity for conservation' can be an ethically acceptable goal of the modern zoo. Reflecting on both theoretical disagreements (animal protectionists vs. wildlife conservationists) and practical challenges (the...

  9. Consistency in European seabass coping styles: a life-history approach

    Contributor(s):: Ferrari, S., Millot, S., Leguay, D., Chatain, B., Begout, M. L.

    Recent years have seen a growth of interest in the consistent differences in individual behaviour over time and contexts constituting the so-called "individual coping styles". An understanding of this inter-individual variation is essential to improve our knowledge of the adaptive value of...

  10. Evaluating the effect of early neurological stimulation on the development and training of mine detection dogs

    Contributor(s):: Schoon, A., Berntsen, T. G.

    Early neurological stimulation (ENS) has been proposed to enhance the natural abilities of dogs. This kind of stimulation involves subjecting pups aged between 3 and 16 days to mild forms of stimulation leading to "stress," and is said to lead to faster maturation and better problem-solving...

  11. Influence of environmental conditions and facility on faecal glucocorticoid concentrations in captive pygmy rabbits ( Brachylagus idahoensis)

    Contributor(s):: Scarlata, C. D., Elias, B. A., Godwin, J. R., Powell, R. A., Shepherdson, D., Shipley, L. A., Brown, J. L.

  12. Information Resources on the Care and Welfare of Dairy Cattle

    Contributor(s):: Cynthia P. Smith

    This document contains two introductory articles written by experts in the farm animal welfare field from North America and Europe respectively. Each article ends with a list of references cited by the author. The second section of this publication consists of an extensive bibliography...

  13. A candidate gene association study of cryptorchidism and scrotal hernia using canine and porcine models

    Contributor(s):: Xia Zhao, Max Rothschild (adviser)

    Cryptorchidism and scrotal hernia, both being sex-limited complex defects, are the most common congenital defects observed in humans, dogs and pigs. It is believed that these two defects are controlled by multiple genes as well as affected by environmental factors. In this thesis, 22 or 14...

  14. Breeding for better welfare: genetic goals for broiler chickens and their parents

    Contributor(s):: Dawkins, M. S., Layton, R.

  15. Do dog owners perceive the clinical signs related to conformational inherited disorders as 'normal' for the breed? A potential constraint to improving canine welfare

    Contributor(s):: Packer, R. M. A., Hendricks, A., Burn, C. C.

  16. Ratings of animal personality as a tool for improving the breeding, management and welfare of zoo mammals

    Contributor(s):: Tetley, C. L., O'Hara, S. J.

  17. How to consider the value of farm animals in breeding goals. A review of current status and future challenges. (Special Issue: Animal welfare in a broad perspective. Papers from the Nordic Network of Agriculture and Food Ethics.)

    Contributor(s):: Nielsen, H. M., Olesen, I., Navrud, S., Kolstad, K., Amer, P.

    The objective of this paper is to outline challenges associated with the inclusion of welfare issues in breeding goals for farm animals and to review the currently available methodologies and discuss their potential advantages and limitations to address these challenges. The methodology for...

  18. Issues associated with research on sheep parasite control in New Zealand - a descriptive ethic

    Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.

    In common with much of the English-speaking world, New Zealanders generally oppose the use of animal experimentation where there is no demonstrable and immediate benefit for human, animal, or environmental health. Intrusive experiments on sheep internal and external parasites published between...

  19. Taking ethics into account in farm animal breeding: what can the breeding companies achieve? (Animals and their welfare)

    Contributor(s):: Olsson, I. A. S., Gamborg, C., Sandoe, P.

    Animal welfare and the ethical issues it raises have been discussed intensively for a couple of decades. The emphasis has been on the direct effects of housing and husbandry, but more attention is now being given to problems originating in selective breeding. European attempts to adjust animal...

  20. Animal welfare: should we change housing to better accommodate the animal or change the animal to accommodate the housing?

    Contributor(s):: Cheng, Heng-Wei

    Animal welfare (well-being) can be generally defined as 'a state of harmony between the animal and its environment, characterized by optimal physical, behavioural and psychological functioning and high quality of the animal's life'. Since its inception in the early nineteenth century, through...