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  1. The welfare of game birds destined for release into the wild: a balance between early life care and preparation for future natural hazards

    Contributor(s):: Madden, J. R., Santilli, F., Whiteside, M. A.

  2. Natural reproductive performance is associated with captive management in adult male giant pandas

    Contributor(s):: Zhang, Ming-yue, Zhang, Xiao-hui, Zhang, Ping, Liu, Yu-liang, An, Jun-hui, Wang, Dong-hui, Cai, Zhi-gang, Hou, Rong

  3. Genetic component of cannibalism in Asian seabass Lates Calcarifer

    Contributor(s):: Pham, Van Khang, Truong, Ha Phuong, Nguyen, Dat Khac, Nguyen, Nguyen Hong

    Cannibalism in the early phase of growth development has been a major concern for marine finfish, including Asian seabass Lates calcarifer, as it is one of the key factors determining economic return of commercial hatcheries. This study thus explored genetic variation in cannibalism through...

  4. Foraging Performance, Prosociality, and Kin Presence Do Not Predict Lifetime Reproductive Success in Batek Hunter-Gatherers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kraft, Thomas S., Venkataraman, Vivek V., Tacey, Ivan, Dominy, Nathaniel J., Endicott, Kirk M.

    Identifying the determinants of reproductive success in small-scale societies is critical for understanding how natural selection has shaped human evolution and behavior. The available evidence suggests that status-accruing behaviors such as hunting and prosociality are pathways to reproductive...

  5. How to measure dairy cows’ responsiveness towards humans in breeding and welfare assessment? A comparison of selected behavioural measures and existing breeding traits

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, Asja, Ivemeyer, Silvia, Lauks, Vanessa, Santos, Laura, Brügemann, Kerstin, König, Sven, Knierim, Ute

    For dairy cattle breeding as well as animal welfare science reliability and validity issues regarding measures of cows’ responsiveness towards humans are relevant. The objective of this study was to investigate reliability and validity aspects of four selected behavioural measures at the feeding...

  6. Preventing skeletal and neurological problems in guide dogs for the blind and other working dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Evans, K. M., Lewis, T. W.

  7. Evaluating the physical welfare of dogs in commercial breeding facilities in the United States

    | Contributor(s):: Moriah J. Hurt, Candace Croney (adviser)

    Despite high levels of public concern, the state of commercial breeding (CB) dog welfare is largely unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to characterize the physical welfare of dogs in CB facilities and their environment in Indiana. This study specifically aimed 1) to characterize dog foot...

  8. A seroepidemiological study of canine zoonoses among persons occupationally exposed to dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Whitney Sue Krueger, Tara C. Smith (adviser)

    Zoonotic diseases continue to emerge and threaten both human and animal health. Overcrowded shelters and breeding kennels create the perfect environment for amplified infectious disease transmission among dogs and present a critical opportunity for zoonotic pathogens to emerge and threaten...

  9. Selection of Breeding Stock among Australian Purebred Dog Breeders, with Particular Emphasis on the Dam

    | Contributor(s):: Veronika Czerwinski, Michelle McArthur, Bradley Smith, Philip Hynd, Susan Hazel

    Every year, thousands of purebred domestic dogs are bred by registered dog breeders. Yet, little is known about the rearing environment of these dogs, or the attitudes and priorities surrounding breeding practices of these dog breeders. The objective of this study was to explore some of the...

  10. The backtest in pigs revisited - an analysis of intra-situational behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Zebunke, M., Repsilber, D., Nurnberg, G., Wittenburg, D., Puppe, B.

    The occurrence of different behavioural phenotypes in animals (regarding temperament and personality) has increasingly attracted the attention of scientists dealing with farm animal breeding, management and welfare. As part of the adaptation repertoire, coping behaviour describes how animals deal...

  11. Captivity for conservation? Zoos at a crossroads

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Keulartz, J.

    This paper illuminates a variety of issues that speak to the question of whether 'captivity for conservation' can be an ethically acceptable goal of the modern zoo. Reflecting on both theoretical disagreements (animal protectionists vs. wildlife conservationists) and practical challenges...

  12. Consistency in European seabass coping styles: a life-history approach

    | Contributor(s):: Ferrari, S., Millot, S., Leguay, D., Chatain, B., Begout, M. L.

    Recent years have seen a growth of interest in the consistent differences in individual behaviour over time and contexts constituting the so-called "individual coping styles". An understanding of this inter-individual variation is essential to improve our knowledge of the adaptive value of...

  13. Evaluating the effect of early neurological stimulation on the development and training of mine detection dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Schoon, A., Berntsen, T. G.

    Early neurological stimulation (ENS) has been proposed to enhance the natural abilities of dogs. This kind of stimulation involves subjecting pups aged between 3 and 16 days to mild forms of stimulation leading to "stress," and is said to lead to faster maturation and better problem-solving...

  14. Influence of environmental conditions and facility on faecal glucocorticoid concentrations in captive pygmy rabbits ( Brachylagus idahoensis)

    | Contributor(s):: Scarlata, C. D., Elias, B. A., Godwin, J. R., Powell, R. A., Shepherdson, D., Shipley, L. A., Brown, J. L.

  15. Information Resources on the Care and Welfare of Dairy Cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Cynthia P. Smith

    This document contains two introductory articles written by experts in the farm animal welfare field from North America and Europe respectively. Each article ends with a list of references cited by the author. The second section of this publication consists of an extensive bibliography...

  16. A candidate gene association study of cryptorchidism and scrotal hernia using canine and porcine models

    | Contributor(s):: Xia Zhao, Max Rothschild (adviser)

    Cryptorchidism and scrotal hernia, both being sex-limited complex defects, are the most common congenital defects observed in humans, dogs and pigs. It is believed that these two defects are controlled by multiple genes as well as affected by environmental factors. In this thesis, 22 or 14...

  17. Breeding for better welfare: genetic goals for broiler chickens and their parents

    | Contributor(s):: Dawkins, M. S., Layton, R.

  18. Do dog owners perceive the clinical signs related to conformational inherited disorders as 'normal' for the breed? A potential constraint to improving canine welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Packer, R. M. A., Hendricks, A., Burn, C. C.

  19. Ratings of animal personality as a tool for improving the breeding, management and welfare of zoo mammals

    | Contributor(s):: Tetley, C. L., O'Hara, S. J.

  20. How to consider the value of farm animals in breeding goals. A review of current status and future challenges. (Special Issue: Animal welfare in a broad perspective. Papers from the Nordic Network of Agriculture and Food Ethics.)

    | Contributor(s):: Nielsen, H. M., Olesen, I., Navrud, S., Kolstad, K., Amer, P.

    The objective of this paper is to outline challenges associated with the inclusion of welfare issues in breeding goals for farm animals and to review the currently available methodologies and discuss their potential advantages and limitations to address these challenges. The methodology for...