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  1. European approaches to ensure good animal welfare. (Special Issue: Farm animal welfare since the Brambell report.)

    Contributor(s):: Veissier, I., Butterworth, A., Bock, B., Roe, E.

    Conventions to protect domestic animals during transport, farming and slaughter were established by the Council of Europe and approved by many European states. Conventions are followed by recommendations that specify how the general principles of conventions apply for the different species. The...

  2. Interdependence of welfare outcome measures and potential confounding factors on finishing pig farms

    Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.

    The factors influencing the observed prevalence of some welfare outcome measures were investigated as part of a larger project examining the feasibility and benefits of incorporating on-farm welfare outcome assessments into UK Pig Farm Assurance Schemes. All finishing pigs (>40 kg) on six farms...

  3. Preliminary comparisons of male/male interactions within bachelor and breeding groups of western lowland gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla ). (Special issue: Primates in zoos)

    Contributor(s):: Pullen, P. K.

    The establishment of bachelor groups of western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in captivity was considered to be a necessary husbandry step in response to growing concern within the European and North American cooperative breeding programmes that breeding situations are limited...

  4. Prevalence of behaviour problems reported by owners of dogs purchased from an animal rescue shelter

    Contributor(s):: Wells, D. L., Hepper, P. G.

    This study examined the prevalence of behaviour problems exhibited by dogs within 4 weeks of acquisition from a rescue shelter in Northern Ireland. 1547 people who had purchased a dog from a rescue shelter in Northern Ireland were sent a postal questionnaire designed to collect information on the...

  5. Survey of breeders' management of horses in Europe, North America and Australia: comparison of factors associated with the development of abnormal behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Parker, M., Goodwin, D., Redhead, E. S.

    An online survey of domestic horse breeders in the USA, UK, Australia, Canada and mainland Europe was carried out in order to examine management risk factors associated with the development of abnormal behaviour patterns. One hundred and forty breeders responded, and epidemiological results...

  6. The effect of breed and housing system on dairy cow feeding and lying behaviour

    Contributor(s):: O'Driscoll, K., Boyle, L., Hanlon, A.

    In Ireland there is growing interest in managing dairy cows on out-wintering pads (OWPs) during the winter, as a low cost alternative to housing indoors. This study investigated feeding and lying behaviour of two breeds of dairy cow (Holstein-Friesian and Norwegian Red) at pasture (PAS) and in...

  7. The effect of sampling strategy on the estimated prevalence of welfare outcome measures on finishing pig farms

    Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Browne, W. J., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.

    The effect of sampling strategy on the estimates of prevalence of some welfare outcome measures was investigated as part of a larger project examining the feasibility and benefits of incorporating some on-farm welfare outcome assessments into UK Pig Farm Assurance Schemes. All finishing pigs (>40...

  8. The risk factors affecting the development of gentle and severe feather pecking in loose housed laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Lambton, S. L., Knowles, T. G., Yorke, C., Nicol, C. J.

    Injurious pecking remains one of the biggest problems challenging free range egg producers, with both economic implications for the farmer and welfare implications for the birds. The most widespread form of injurious pecking is feather pecking, the most damaging form of which is severe feather...

  9. Water off a duck's back: showers and troughs match ponds for improving duck welfare

    Contributor(s):: Jones, T. A., Waitt, C. D., Dawkins, M. S.

    The impact of production systems on the welfare of ducks grown for meat is becoming increasingly controversial. In the UK, approximately 18 million ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) were reared for meat in 2006 (British Poultry Council, 2008; http://www.poultry.uk.com/who_ducks01.htm). Despite the...

  10. A behavioural study of scrapie-affected sheep

    Contributor(s):: Healy, A. M., Hanlon, A. J., Weavers, E., Collins, J. D., Doherty, M. L.

    The behaviour of 12 sheep, suspected of having scrapie, and 12 clinically normal animals from the Irish Republic was observed over a 6-day period [date not given]. Confirmation of the true disease status of the animals was made at postmortem using both histopathological and immunocytochemical...

  11. An automatic system to monitor lying, standing and walking behaviour of grazing animals

    Contributor(s):: Champion, R. A., Rutter, S. M., Penning, P. D.

    Sensors incorporating mercury tilt switches were used to measure the lying, standing and walking behaviour of grazing cattle and sheep. The lying/standing sensor was suspended below the animal, whilst the walking sensor was fitted to the shin of the animal's foreleg. Both switches gave a...

  12. An evaluation of mattresses and mats in two dairy units

    Contributor(s):: Chaplin, S. J., Tierney, G., Stockwell, C., Logue, D. N., Kelly, M.

    In order to investigate the relative merits of mats and mattresses in terms of cow comfort, production and performance, 29 cows were housed on ethylethene vinyl acetate mats and 29 on mattresses of loose rubber crumb with a polypropylene cover, at each of 2 similar dairy units of the Scottish...

  13. Behavioural responses of red deer to fences of five different designs

    Contributor(s):: Goddard, P. J., Summers, R. W., Macdonald, A. J., Murray, C., Fawcett, A. R.

    Capercaillie, a large species of grouse, are sometimes killed when they fly into high-tensile deer fences. A fence design which is lower or has a less rigid top section than conventional designs would reduce bird deaths, but such fences would still have to be deer-proof. The short-term...

  14. Cereal aversion in behaviourally resistant house mice in Birmingham, UK

    Contributor(s):: Humphries, R. E., Sibly, R. M., Meehan, A. P.

    Behavioural resistance of Mus domesticus [M. musculus] was investigated by comparing the food preferences of West Midlands behaviourally resistant (WMBR) mice with those of normal (BC) mice. Nine bait boxes each containing one of 9 different foods (cheese, chicken, tuna fish, peanut butter,...

  15. Ewe-ewe and ewe-lamb behaviour in a hill and a lowland breed of sheep: a study using embryo transfer

    Contributor(s):: Dwyer, C. M., Lawrence, A. B.

    The social behaviour of Suffolk and Scottish Blackface ewes was investigated over 2 years in 2 different environments. The effect of lamb behaviour on the behaviour of the ewe was investigated in an embryo transfer study between the breeds resulting in 4 combinations of ewe and lamb (25 Blackface...

  16. Nutritional supplementation in cases of canine cognitive dysfunction - a clinical trial

    Contributor(s):: Heath, S. E., Barabas, S., Craze, P. G.

    Canine cognitive dysfunction (CCD) is a clinical condition, which impacts significantly on the lives of elderly dogs and their owners. It is hypothesised that nutritional supplementation can be used in the management of the condition and this trial was designed to investigate the therapeutic...

  17. Proceedings of a workshop to identify dog welfare issues in the US, Japan, Czech Republic, Spain and the UK

    Contributor(s):: Houpt, K. A., Goodwin, D., Uchida, Y., Baranyiova, E., Fatjo, J., Kakuma, Y.

    The aims of this paper are first to review scientific and ethical considerations regarding the welfare of dogs in the US, UK, Czech Republic, Spain and Japan, as well as to examine research perspectives of people working within the field of applied ethology. As a guide, the Five Freedoms should...

  18. Reliability of assessment of dogs' behavioural responses by staff working at a welfare charity in the UK

    Contributor(s):: Diesel, G., Brodbelt, D., Pfeiffer, D. U.

    Behavioural problems in dogs are a major cause for their relinquishment and return to animal shelters and rehoming centres. It is important that the staff in these welfare centres can reliably assess the behavioural characteristics of the dogs so that they can be rehomed to the most appropriate...

  19. The effect of different degrees of 'positive' human-animal interaction during rearing on the welfare and subsequent production of commercial dairy heifers

    Contributor(s):: Bertenshaw, C., Rowlinson, P., Edge, H., Douglas, S., Shiel, R.

    A 3-year study tested the hypotheses that brushing each heifer for 5 min per week in the weeks preceding calving (long term positive treatment: PT) while the heifers were unrestrained, is sufficient to improve subsequent parlour behaviour and production, and this could be influenced by the extent...

  20. Unwanted oral investigative behaviour in horses: a note on the relationship between mugging behaviour, hand-feeding titbits and clicker training

    Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, J., Creighton, E.

    Unwanted oral investigative in horses has been anecdotally attributed to the practice of hand-feeding. Fears over such behaviour developing as a consequence of using food rewards, for example in clicker training, have been implicated as a common reason for not employing food-based positive...